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2020.09.22 03:59 stephenversus The Last Hangover

Today I woke up with what will be my last hangover. It has been a long journey to get here, and I do appreciate anyone who reads this all the way through, but here goes.
I was never the drinker who woke up with a shot, or simply HAD to have it, but 80% of the time that I did partake, the melting away of anxiety and negative emotions along with a hand to mouth fixation that kept me smoking for years in the past almost always caused me to drink rapidly and blackout.
After about 3 drinks I can be the best date you've ever been on. Suddenly nervousness and insecurities are gone and I can become the person who all my friends who know me soberly have so come to enjoy. But often times, this would lead to more drinking and I'm left the next day puzzled as to why loved ones and friends were upset with me. It wasn't uncommon for me to never get to know just what I did or said.
Once on a date with a most interesting man years ago my belligerence became increasingly apparent. Later in evening after some time he wanted to sleep. I instead stood at my window sill and rambled about things I could not recall later and once he slept I put on his shirt ( we were dressed similarly) and proceeded to smoke cigarettes (a vice I kicked some time ago) in his shirt. He seemed annoyed about this the next day and rightfully so.

There are tens of similar stories to this one, but the one which lead me to this decision was what I can only describe as a beautiful love story with pages removed by my drinking, Neither of us were perfect, but the chemistry and the emotions were there. It was more than enough for me to fight for. Love is never easy and usually these difficulties can be resolved through sometimes uncomfortable conversations. In my case they tended to come out irrationally, and fear-driven. It simply wasn't me.

My last conversation with this person was collectively about a half hour of which I only remember one line. "you're drunk right now aren't you?" I can only assume we were talking about my drinking's role in the ending of things. Even through the black out I felt embarrassed. I lied to someone I cared for when the situation was so blatantly obvious. That was the breaking point.

In my time in the service industry drinking was a rite of passage for servers, bartenders, and really anyone who was of the legal drinking age (and some who were not). When given the choice between heading home to deal with issues or unhappiness there and heading to an oasis of escapism, even if only temporarily, I almost always chose the latter. I was usually pretty adamant on driving home no matter my state and in 2018 I got a DUI. Only just now has the dust fully cleared on my state supervision, a long and arduous process.

My life was already going in a great direction so I am absolutely excited with how this decision will
So here's to having my charms, my persona, come out naturally over time rather than with chemical aide. Here's to no more unexplained injuries and wracking my brain over what exactly happened on a given night. Here's to remembering my memories.

And oh ya, don't you shit on me if you see me out with a mock-tail

TL;DR Just a few of the ways alcohol was ruining my happiness and cost me the love of my life. Tale as old as time itself
submitted by stephenversus to stopdrinking [link] [comments]

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2020.09.04 16:20 Swartz_died_for_noth "moderates" "freedom fighters"

Saudi tourist.
Boko Harem
After the Kurds took over that Syrian region they moved into Christian towns which they removed christian leaders from power, shut down christian schools, confiscated privately owned & church property.
Look at all of that oil. https://i.imgur.com/OLiSC0o.jpg
The directive warns against the “Arabization” of Islamic places, fashions and rituals in China, singling out the influence of Saudi Arabia, the home of Islam’s holiest sites, as a cause for concern.
How do the Saudis promote their religious views? By investing heavily in building mosques, madrasas, schools, and Sunni cultural centers across the Muslim world. Indian intelligence says that in India alone, from 2011 to 2013, some 25,000 Saudi clerics arrived bearing more than $250 million to build mosques and universities and hold seminars. "We are talking about thousands and thousands of activist organizations and preachers who are in the Saudi sphere of influence," said Usama Hasan, a researcher in Islamic studies. These institutions and clerics preach the specifically Saudi version of Sunni Islam, the extreme fundamentalist strain known as Wahhabism or Salafism.
How did it catch on?
Wahhabism ensured its modern-day survival largely through gaining the support of the Saudi royal family. The movement has a longstanding alliance with the family dating back to 1744 and helping to found the first Saudi State, the BBC reports.
Wahhabism found new life in the 20th century when Abdulaziz ibn Saud (who ruled from 1932 to ­'53) seized on it as a way of uniting the fractious tribes. In 1979 the family saw its tactical use as part of an anti-Soviet campaign in Afghanistan and encouraged young Muslim men to travel there to fight a jihad against the Russians. The Saudis began spending heavily on mosques, propaganda and teaching in order to spread the creed.
The US State Department estimates that over the past 40 years Riyadh has invested more than $10bn into charitable foundations as part of a programme to replace mainstream Sunni practices with a more extremist brand.
In 2013, Strasbourg's European Parliament declared Salafism/Wahhabism to be the main source of global terrorism, with a report linking it to the Benghazi attacks and the war in Syria among other atrocities. According to the Daily Telegraph, some 15 to 20 per cent of the $10bn set aside by Saudi Arabia to promote its favored form of Islam may have been diverted to al-Qaeda and other violent jihadists.
In 2013, Strasbourg's European Parliament declared Salafism/Wahhabism to be the main source of global terrorism, with a report linking it to the Benghazi attacks and the war in Syria among other atrocities. According to the Daily Telegraph, some 15 to 20 per cent of the $10bn set aside by Saudi Arabia to promote its favored form of Islam may have been diverted to al-Qaeda and other violent jihadists.
In 2013, Strasbourg's European Parliament declared Salafism/Wahhabism to be the main source of global terrorism, with a report linking it to the Benghazi attacks and the war in Syria among other atrocities. According to the Daily Telegraph, some 15 to 20 per cent of the $10bn set aside by Saudi Arabia to promote its favored form of Islam may have been diverted to al-Qaeda and other violent jihadists.
Later, I toured the large mosque I had seen when I first arrived. It cost $19 million to build, funded entirely by private donations. My host seemed excited and proud to show the building to me. I asked him if Saudi money funded the mosque. He demurred.
I was pretty sure I already knew the answer, so I asked if he could take me to see a more traditional mosque from this region of China.
After much prodding, we got in the car for a short drive. When we got out, all evidence of the Gulf had vanished. I stood on a dirt road lined with modest houses and shops. My host pointed toward a compound surrounded by a tall wall covered over in painted terra cotta. “Here it is.” We proceeded through the entrance into a small courtyard, an oasis of fruit trees and flowerpots, the perfect site for prayerful contemplation.
The mosque itself was much simpler than the Gulf-style mosque had been, made of wood and reflecting the themes of traditional Chinese architecture. The structure’s roof curled outward at its edges, while its open doorways permitted a view of the faithful praying inside. The religious services it housed conformed to what I was told was the ancient Sufi devotion mingled with traditional indigenous Chinese customs.
submitted by Swartz_died_for_noth to conspiracy_commons [link] [comments]

2020.08.30 03:02 jrmrjnck March 2020 Sky Islands Traverse (Abridged)

In March 2020 I attempted the Sky Islands Traverse, and covered most of the route with some significant bypasses and discontinuities. Finally got around to finishing a report which I wanted to share since this is not a route you hear much about. (And yes, in hindsight many of my activities were ill-advised during a pandemic (hitchhiking, etc.), but I simply didn't realize it at the time.)


Where: The Sky Islands Traverse (SkIT) is 500-and-some mile route connecting 10 "sky island" mountain ranges in southeastern Arizona, mostly within the Coronado National Forest, as well as a long section of the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Aside from the creator Brett Tucker's initial thru in 2010, I only found evidence of two other complete hikes by Dirtmonger and Not a Chance. The two links above provide fantastic narrative about the route's terrain, flora, and fauna so I won't spend much time reiterating that. Especially Tucker's photo journal is really worth reading through if you are interested in the route (he is a much better writer than I).
When: 2020-03-16 to 2020-04-12. 28 days including 1 zero
Distance: 460 miles. 62,000 ft gross elevation gain
Final Route Overview Map
Conditions: A couple of rain storms, but overall fantastic conditions prevailed. Average weather was sunny and warm, with highs in the 70s and lows in the 40s. Overall low temp recorded by my thermometer was 34.2 F at 8900' in the Pinaleños.
In addition to the great weather, most water sources were gushing due to abundant winter rains. Almost every source listed in Tucker's data book was usable, and I came across many more flowing sources and stock tanks that were not listed at all.
Lighterpack: https://lighterpack.com/8c8bct
Unused items marked with red star
Photo Album: https://imgur.com/a/bKezHIM


This was my first thru hike. It appealed to me because it was the right distance and season and connected a lot of fascinating terrain and historical sites. I planned the route in great detail and included "escape hatches" in case the main route proved too difficult. Ultimately, I did use almost every bypass and shortcut, resulting in an "abridged" traverse. The limiting factor was very slow travel through rough terrain eating into my time budget.
I think many people would call this an "advanced" hike. But my impression now is that it kind of maximizes one factor (route difficulty), while the other factors are not that bad. Bug pressure, climate, resupply interval, and cell service are all pretty favorable. But I can understand why the SkIT would not appeal to most hikers given all the other amazing well developed trails. Land access is another issue that might concern the more law-abiding hiker, since this is not an "official" route with negotiated access rights. There are more than a few fences and "no tresspassing" signs along the way, although there's also little chance of encountering anyone who would care.


I prepared paper maps for the entire route with CalTopo, using a combination of Tucker's data book and GPS track, and AZT info and GET info since the alignment of those trails has changed a bit since the SkIT was first published. I found Skurka's tips for printing maps quite useful, going with the "Forest Service" preset layer, double sided 11x17" at 1:36000 printed by Fedex. In practice, 1:36000 was too small to figure out where to go in some parts and I had to fall back to digital maps on my phone. Next time I would print larger scale maps, just for the non-AZT sections.


Dragoons (Cochise Stronghold to river, 2 days)

I flew into TUS and took the bus downtown to buy some fuel (don't rely on Miller Surplus for LPG fuel). Then took an Uber to the start at Cochise Stronghold - the road was passable except for some water crossings which were a little too deep for the Honda Accord - so I walked the last mile to the trailhead. Trail was nice and easy until the very first XC section towards Council Rocks. In what would ultimately be the most frustrating XC of the whole trip, I spent a couple hours wading through thick brush unsuccessfully trying to find the pictographs. I'm still not sure how I missed it since there is apparently a popular trail leading to the site, but eventually I found myself at the next waypoint so I just continued on. Slavin Gulch would be the last water source before reaching the San Pedro, and luckily water was abundant there.
The XC through Smith Wash was very straightforward and fairly pleasant, with numerous shady trees to rest under. It would set the scene for many future wash slogs, where can you choose between soft sand of the wash bottom, or the firm but brushy banks. Saw my first ever rattlesnake in the wash, and also saw my first border patrol agent parked along AZ 80. Made it to the river after sunset on a very long day 2.

San Pedro River (river to Nicksville, 2 days)

Awoke at 5 AM when rising winds collapsed the tarp on top of me (still a tarp newbie). Found that the river was relatively deep and swift, very unlike the lazy intermittently flowing waters I expected from pictures. Combined with threatening weather, I decided to walk the railroad grade along the west bank rather than the river bottom. The monotonous dreary setting, high winds, and coarse gravel of the railroad grade made for poor hiking, but it seemed a lot faster than navigating the river, and I needed to make miles on the first half of this route. I had marked a lot of historic sites on my map north of Fairbank, but missed most of them since I stayed on the west bank. Fairbank itself was shuttered due to COVID, so I continued on dirt roads to the historic Boquillas Ranch. Among the historic buildings there, there is also a newly constructed barn/garage (empty and unlocked), where I took refuge from the wind to eat lunch. Soon after, it started pouring rain, so I ended up staying the night there.
Continued from there on the occasionally marked San Pedro Trail. South of Millville/Charleston, I finally found a favorable section of the river to navigate, where much of the vegetation on the bank was flattened (by flooding I assume). Got back on the San Pedro Trail south of Escapule Rd, and from there the trail is well defined, although it's mostly wide open 2-track roads covered in manure, and therefore vastly inferior to the lush oasis of the river itself. San Pedro House was also closed due to COVID, but I later crossed paths with the site hosts, who informed me that you actually need a $2/night permit to camp in the RNCA. But they basically implied I shouldn't worry about it, so I'm still not sure how you camp here legally. The Miller Backcountry site is the only establisted site in the RNCA, but aside from having a bear box and pit toilet it is no more attractive than any other place - so I pushed on, and finally camped at the very end of the trail amid a cacophony of coyotes and dogs.
Once you cross Hereford Rd, you're basically walking past houses until you find singletrack again in Hunter Canyon, so definitely plan your rest stops accordingly. The 3 Canyons road walk is a private road blocked by a gated fence. There was more than a few cars going by but no one seemed interested in me. Met up with dantimmerman for a few hours before I headed up into the mountains 👍. The Nicksville Dollar General is a viable resupply point, although pretty much all the "real" food was sold out due to virus panic.

Huachucas (Nicksville to Patagonia, 3 days)

The trail up towards Miller Peak was a nice climb and surely a popular day hiking spot, and at high elevations there was patchy snow. Wild turkey and deer were abundant along this gorgeous trail, which at times somehow reminded me of the Appalachians. Started getting pain in my achilles which would persist for another week. But I eventually hobbled into Patagonia, where I got a hotel room and resupplied at the Market. I checked out the upscale grocery too, but didn't find much there that I like to eat while backpacking.

Santa Ritas (Patagonia to Vail, 2 days)

Split from the AZT onto Temporal Gulch Trail #595, which was in spectacular condition, especially in the upper sections near Josephine Saddle. It was actually a little difficult to pick up near the lower trailhead, but once you get going the right way it's a great hike: cairns, fresh signage, fresh tread, branches trimmed back for wide open passage, and even the shin daggers had their tips trimmed! Crest Trail #144 up to Baldy Saddle is in great condition, with a few inches of snow in late March. Did not summit Mt. Wrightson because I was at Baldy Saddle at 4 PM and wanted to get to lower elevations to camp. Beyond Baldy Saddle, the trails are easily followable but very overgrown and covered with blowdown in some spots. After descending the switchbacks on the East Sawmill Trail #146, the trail opens up and is easier. Going around Wrightson would be my biggest day of the trip at 26 mi, and also my first time night hiking (terrifying and exhilarating being watched by disembodied eyes).
Back on the AZT, things are easy, although this stretch into Vail was the most water-poor of any section on the SkIT for me.

Rincons (Vail to Italian Spring TH, 2 days)

Some other AZT hikers and I were blessed with incredible trail magic just before hitting Saguaro NP (full dinner, breakfast, oreos+milk!). And I even picked up a trail name ("spaceman").
If you want to camp inside Saguaro NP, Grass Shack CG looked decent, but Manning Camp was cold and windy and probably not a good bet in early spring. I did not camp in the NP so I don't know how the permit experience is. No other surprises on the AZT through the Rincons.

Santa Catalinas (Italian Spring TH to San Pedro River, 3 days)

Crossing into Molino Basin, there were many day hikers about (and I finally had that first experience of smelling people before seeing or hearing them). Due to foot pain, I decided to skip all the "inner Catalina" miles between Molino Basin and Summerhaven, and instead take a zero in town. But, I had prepared three resupply boxes in advance for the second half of the trip and sent them all to the Summerhaven PO, so I had to get up there before they closed for the weekend. Luckily, I managed to hitch a ride with a very kind woman up to the PO and then all the way back down into Tucson.
From Summerhaven, the route starts out on some trails which are not on the FS map, but do have tracks in MapBuildeOSM up to Bigelow. These trails do exist in reality, and there were many footprints in the snow to follow. From Bigelow TH to San Pedro Vista, there are well defined trails since it is actually now an official AZT Wilderness Bypass Route. There is no need to bushwhack down from Barnum Rock/Leopold Point like the reference route suggests.
The Brush Corral Trail #19 has seen some recent maintenance and is followable. Notably, from the Shortcut Trail #21A junction, there is extensive flagging with red, white, and blue streamers, and many parts have had the brush trimmed back for easy passage. There was one small section around a bump in the ridge where I lost the flagging and had to forge my way around, but on the other side of the bump the flagging picked up again to show the way. Once the dense brush peters out, the lower section of the trail is in great condition with clear trail and signage all the way down to the TH.
Here begins the longest water carry on the trip, out to Redfield Canyon. I carried 4 liters, which was sufficient, and I didn't see any other potential sources in between.
From Redington Rd, the reference route goes down a wash to the river bed under the bridge. Be aware that there is fence across the wash and another at the bridge which were a bit tricky to get around. Unless you really hate road walks, it might be better to just stay on Redington Rd north to the intersection and avoid all the fences.

Galiuros (San Pedro River to Klondyke, 4 days)

Despite lacking the grand rock formations or vistas of the other ranges, the Galiuros became my favorite section, due to the unique challenges, the total isolation, and the haunting history.
The trail down to the cliff house is cairned and straightforward, but I got excited when I saw the river and accidentally left the trail early and ended up doing a very sketchy scramble. Follow the cairns carefully and this should be an easy trail down to the canyon bottom. The cliff house itself is cool and totally worth a visit - and there is another access trail from the south side of the canyon.
The boulder scrambling in upper Redfield Canyon was an enjoyable, unique experience, and one of the highlights of the trip for me. In the photo journal, Tucker suggests an alternative route around the boulders, but I would just keep that as a backup. There were only two spots I took off my backpack to toss it up ahead on a climb, and overall it did not seem too difficult or risky. I suppose things coulds get rearranged by floodwaters though, so YMMV.
West Divide Trail #289 basically does not exist any more up until Kielberg Tank. There are occasionally cairns and faint tracks to follow but be prepared here for essentially XC routefinding. After Kielberg, and especially after Power's Cabin, the trail is well defined to the junction with Powers Garden Trail #96. At that point, the reference route keeps following the West Divide Trail out to Grassy Ridge, but it did not look promising to me. I took the easy way down to Rattlesnake Creek, and that really is a pleasant hike up to Powers Garden. Powers Garden Trail #96 continues to be easy to follow all the way up Powers Hill.
In Klondyke, I picked up a resupply box forwarded from Summerhaven. There are instructions in the GET town guide for how to send packages here (as there is no post office), and this method still works fine. But as always, pick up your package! The woman who owns the store where you send packages has to deal with uncollected boxes every year and I'm sure it's annoying. When I came through, there were 4 other boxes and 3 were past the ETA date. Had a wonderful stay at the Horsehead Lodge, although the front porch of the BLM office looked quite hospitable for a free option.

Santa Teresas (Klondyke to Klondyke Rd, 1 day)

I took the GET Buford Hill alternate route, having had my fill of bad trail in the Galiuros, so unfortunately I can't report on this section too much. There is an updated GET route that I mapped as an option rather than the outdated reference SkIT route. Thankfully my feet were fully hardened after leaving Klondyke, and I had no more pain for the rest of the trip.

Pinaleños (Klondyke Rd to I-10, 4 days)

Past Underwood Canyon, had a little uncertainty finding the correct ridge to XC up from Two Troughs to Tripp Canyon, but there are some cairns leading the way and it's clear many GETers have been through. Finding the way down on the other side is also tricky because many stock paths lead south away from the drainage. I pushed through a long day to get to Tripp Canyon because I thought it would be a nice campsite, but it wasn't - do not plan on camping here. Tucker's literature mentions "car camping sites" but the reality is more like "ravaged weekend bonfire party sites". I found an OK spot to camp, but most of this area is littered with broken glass, toilet paper, and tire tracks, and many of the trees have had entire limbs hacked off. This was also the only place I ever encountered abundant mosquitoes.
Next day I took the GET Sawmill-Blue Jay bypass route, which was a surprisingly pleasant and wide path following a black plastic pipeline, up until the short XC which was also easy once you pick the right drainage to go up. There were several car campers at Dry Lake stock tank, which seemed much more pleasant than Tripp Canyon. Then followed FR 286 all the way up to West Peak, skipping the Blue Jay Ridge trail. Had lunch at West Peak with the first and only GETer I would encounter. His account of the Teresas route made me glad I had bypassed.
Clark Peak Trail #301 was in moderate condition, deteriorating substantially in some steeper sections after Taylor Pass due to fire damage. But overall is it cairned and flagged well enough to follow without a map. Spent a windy night at Riggs Lake, and then ended up staying on the road (Swift Trail) all the way to Ladybug Saddle. There was patchy but substantial snow cover at higher elevations, and the trail from Chesley Flat to Webb Peak was not discernable (ended up taking FR 88 up and down to tag the high point). I had wanted to investigate conditions on Round the Mountain Trail #302, but even FR 508 looked snowed in and covered in blowdown, so I took the easy way down Swift Trail, which was cleared of snow all the way to Ladybug Saddle. Road walking the Swift Trail 366 would not be pleasant from Shannon CG to Ladybug Saddle if there had been significant car traffic. There are no shoulders in many places, so luckily there was almost no traffic this time of year.
Bear Canyon Trail #299 is not marked from Ladybug Peak and a bit hard to pick up. But once you find it off the west slope of the peak it is pretty easy to follow all the way down to the highway. There are many intersecting stock paths in the lower flatter section of the trail that can trick you, but there are numerous cairns to help guide the way. Look for a couple of stiles to cross the fence along AZ 266 to get down to Stockon Pass Wash, and from there the XC route to Gillespie Wash was quite pleasant and scenic. Gillespie Wash is pretty nice too, but the detour around Jernigan Ranch involved a couple of questionable fence crossings.
XC between Little Cottonwood Canyon and Willow Spring is passable, although it's deceptively steep and exhausting. As usual, the challenge is in picking the right ridge. Since I had to go into Willcox for a package, I rerouted south on the gas pipeline road just west of US 191, then took N Monk Ranch Rd out to the interstate junction. While walking the pipeline road, I almost had a heart attack when a single engine PIPELINE PATROL plane passed low overhead from behind. There's plenty of traffic at exit 352, and I hitched a ride into Willcox in about an hour. Picked up my package forwarded from Summerhaven, and got a couple beers and a hotel room.

Dos Cabezas (I-10 to Fort Bowie, 2 days)

Going out of Willcox, there is not as much traffic going east at exit 340, but I still had luck here, and hitched a ride back to exit 355 in about an hour. Between I-10 and the mountains, there was a locked gate near the interstate and two fences to scramble under after leaving the dirt road. Up in the Dos Cabezas, the cattle really did seem to be a different breed, much more athletic and less afraid of humans. Some of them were not interested in moving to let me through so I had to detour around them.
Fortunately, unlike in other mountains, the "faint trails" and "stock paths" (as described by Tucker) in the Dos Cabezas are actually followable in many places. Near Happy Camp Canyon there was actually evidence of trail maintenance through the catclaw thickets. But finding the way up Tar Box Canyon to the wilderness boundary was tricky for me. Especially past Cedar Log Spring there are many forking drainages to entice you in the wrong direction. Once you cross the pass and catch the road, it's smooth sailing down to Apache Pass (other than 1 locked gate). Ft. Bowie is a well curated historic site where you can easily spend a couple hours if you like reading interpretive signs. The visitors center has good developed water out front, and from there you can follow Old Fort Bowie Rd back to the reference route.
At the Ft. Bowie trailhead I happened to run into a couple travelling the country in their truck camper, who graciously shared their beer, gin, wine, and delicious organic food.

Chiricahuas (Fort Bowie to Portal, 3 days)

Emigrant Canyon Trail #255 is moderately difficult to follow in places, but you can always fall back to walking in the wash. If you want to closely watch your GPS, the MapBuildeOSM track does a pretty good job of following the easiest path. From Emigrant Pass up through Wood Canyon the walking is pretty nice, with some evidence of trail maintenance/realignment. Near Wood Canyon Park things get hairy: fire has destroyed the trail and the terrain in general. Be very careful to follow the correct ridge because there are many forking drainages that lured me well off route. This is now very difficult XC but at least not exposed. Difficult conditions continue until the pass under Cochise Head, where there is actually signage and a followable path down to Indian Creek. Trail #253 down Indian Creek is a very pleasant trail, and kinda fun when going through the canyon "narrows".
FR 356 actually takes a little searching to pick up from Indian Creek. It is almost just singletrack in a few sections since the road to Hands Pass is now impassable for any vehicles.
Shaw Peak Trail #251 is difficult to follow straight away, but there are a few hints and cairns. Once you start traversing the steep slope, the trail disappears completely into burned and eroded terrain. This traverse up to the ridge is very difficult and exposed. I was up near the ridge as a hailstorm rolled in, making my situation unreasonably dangerous. After gaining the ridge, the path becomes followable but still eroded and burned. When the path comes to a gate in a fence, go through the gate and follow the fence from the south side even though the path appears to stay on the north side of the fence.
I went down to Iron Springs to escape the bad weather for the night, via trail #366, which is in good shape at least down to the spring. Light rain continued into the night, and I think a mountain lion came to visit based on the terrifying sounds that woke me up. The prospect of putting on my cold wet pants the next morning kept me in bed until 10 AM, but eventually I mustered the courage and got going. Continuing south from Jhus Horse Saddle, #251 is in good shape and easy to follow.
I bailed out at FR 42 and followed that all the way into Portal. The previous two days had pushed the risk level beyond my tolerance and I wasn't excited about rolling the dice on another 25 miles of trail that might not be passable. Someday I would like to go back to see Chiricahua Peak and Silver Peak - I only had a taste of what this range has to offer but it was exhilarating.
Portal typically is overrun with birders in April, but I was able to walk in and get a room at the lodge. I hired someone from the Tucson craigslist rideshare to get back to the airport, although in typical years there would be a lot more car traffic through here and hitching back into the transit network might be feasible.
Finally, I found that chiricahuatrails.com has fresh, detailed information on the entire Chiricahua trail network, so you can fill the gaps I left with that great resource.

Gear Notes

This was the first big test for a lot of my gear, including the pack, tarp, and pad, and I had no major problems.
TL;DR: Walked at least a little bit through all 10 mountain ranges of the traverse, but skipped some of the harder bits due to foot pain and general laziness. Saw a whole lotta cows, and some snakes, turkeys, javelinas, and deer. Got soaked in a hailstorm on top of a ridge and noped out but generally had a blast exploring some of the most isolated places I've ever been.
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2020.08.28 18:11 HaulA28Augl Bum-ble G-ay International Da-ting Too

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2020.08.24 21:14 CindyMorrisonwatts1 {Discussion} 18 of the Spookiest Ghost Towns in America

{Discussion} 18 of the Spookiest Ghost Towns in America

18 of the Spookiest Ghost Towns in America

Old mines, abandoned buildings, and ghostly orbs: These are a few of the most haunted locales in the country.

Though there are some seriously spooky haunted hotels out there, these ghost towns are almost more frightening. The abandoned cities stretch all throughout America, and are rumored to be extra eerie. But they weren’t always that way. Most of them were once prosperous mining towns filled with people hoping to make it rich by discovering gold or silver. Now, many have been untouched for over a hundred years (yet some still have a ton of historic buildings somehow still standing).
There are ghost towns all over the U.S., if you’re brave enough for a visit. They’re located in Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Montana, Alaska, New Mexico, New York, West Virginia, and more. Not all of them are rumored to actually be haunted places, but some do have spirits of former business owners or residents wandering around the general stores or old jails.
Not all of them are totally defunct, either. One even apparently has an “internationally acclaimed” restaurant! Ready to plan your trip, or take a virtual one? Check out this roundup of the best ghost towns America has to offer.

1 Calico, California


Although you probably won't find any silver in this one-time mining hot spot, you can experience a goldmine of activities in this ghost town turned tourist attraction. At Calico Ghost Town—now a California historical landmark—you can explore Maggie Mine, the only formerly used mine in the area that's safe for guests to see. You can also take a ride on Calico Odessa Railroad to see all of the sights. If you're really feeling daring, you can even participate in one of the spooky ghost tours!

2 Rhyolite, Nevada

On the eastern edge of Death Valley sits Rhyolite, a former mining hub. At its peak in 1907, this town boasted a hospital, an opera house, and a stock exchange. The area seemed so promising that even Charles M. Schwab invested and bought one of the mines. Unfortunately, it didn't take long for the thousands of people to scatter: A financial crises, natural disasters, and the loss of funding caused nearly every resident to leave the Nevada spot by 1920.

3 Goldfield, Arizona

Aptly named, Goldfield was swarming with miners hopeful for gold in the late 1800s, but was dried up by 1898. The area was inhabited and renamed Youngsberg in 1921, but was abandoned once again in 1926. In 1988, the defunct city took the route of a few other ghost towns and became a tourist attraction with a handful of activities including a zipline, a reptile exhibit, and horseback rides. There's also a museum, a saloon, and other different merchants.

4 St. Elmo, Colorado

Formerly named Forest City, St. Elmo was once a bustling mining center with a population of 2,000 at its peak. By 1930, though, only seven people reportedly resided there, including the family who ran the general store and the hotel—one who is rumored to haunt the place to this day. Now privately owned and maintained, visitors can still swing by the small city, which is said to have some of the most paranormal activity in the state.

5 Terlingua, Texas

Though most of its residents fled after the market for mercury crashed, Terlingua actually remains fairly bustling. Visitors can snack on chili at the "internationally acclaimed" restaurant, grab a drink at the saloon, explore the ruins, and wander the halls of the old jail during their time at the historic hotspot.

6 Virginia City and Nevada City, Montana

Interested in experiencing the mortal fear of trying to stay alive in the gun-slinging Old West? The former residence of Calamity Jane, Virginia City has resisted change since 1863, with hundreds of historic buildings still standing. One mile down the road on Alder Gulch is Nevada City, another town that boomed and busted thanks to the Gold Rush. Ride a train between the two cities where you can witness early settlers struggle to survive and actual historic events through living history shows (the hanging of Red Yeager, anyone?). The reality of life in a Gold Rush town is likely to leave you shaking in your (cowboy) boots.

7 Bodie, California

Abandoned by the discouraged gold rushers who followed William Bodie to the town to try—but not succeed—to find more of the precious metal he had discovered in 1859, this well-known ghost town in California has been left eerily untouched for more than 150 years. Shacks still stand with tables set, waiting for their long-gone residents to return, while shops and restaurants are still stocked up with some supplies, prepared to service customers who will never arrive. If that isn't spooky, what is?

8 Cahawba, Alabama

Southwest of Selma lies "Alabama's most famous ghost town." As the state's first permanent capital from 1820 to 1825, a bustling center for the trading and transport of cotton before the Civil War, and a village for freed slaves after the war, this town at the confluence of the Alabama and Cahaba Rivers made several comebacks after floods and yellow fever epidemics. Unfortunately, its residents all drifted away for good by 1900. Now known as Old Cahawba Archaeological Park, the town and its abandoned streets, cemeteries and ruins have been the setting for many ghost stories, including one about a ghostly orb appearing in a now-vanished garden maze at the home of C. C. Pegues.

9 Kennecott, Alaska

Considered the best remaining example of early 20th-century copper mining, this mill town is at the end of a 60-mile dirt road in the middle of Alaska's massive Wrangell–St. Elias National Park. From 1911 to 1938, Kennecott employed as many as 300 people in the mill town and 300 in the mines, processing nearly $200 million worth of copper. As a company town, it included a hospital, general store, school, skating rink, tennis court, recreation hall, and dairy. By 1938, however, the copper ore was tapped out, and the Kennecott Copper Corporation abruptly abandoned the town, leaving behind their equipment, their buildings, and their personal belongings.The National Park Service and tour operators offer guided access to the 14-story concentration mill and several other historic buildings, telling tales of lucky fortunes, tenacious frontiersmen, and tragic endings in the remote wilderness.

10 Bannack, Montana

This desolate former mining town in Montana is so riddled with paranormal activity it was featured in an episode of the Travel Channel's Ghost Adventures. Founded in 1862 when John White discovered gold on Grasshopper Creek, Bannack was a typical gold rush town in the Wild West. After gold was discovered in nearby Virginia City, many prospectors moved there and the road between the two towns became the scene of more holdups, robberies and murders than almost any other stagecoach route—with the leader of the outlaw gang later discovered to be Bannack's very own sheriff. The mining town lasted longer than most, with its population finally petering out between 1930 and 1950, at which point the state of Montana made the well-preserved town a state park. Today, over sixty structures are still standing, most of which can be explored.

11 South Pass City, Wyoming

Another well-preserved mining town in the American West, South Pass City was founded in 1867 when the large Carissa gold deposit was discovered near the Sweetwater River. Located about 10 miles north of the Oregon Trail on the Continental Divide in the Rocky Mountains, throngs of prospectors soon descended on the area despite the severe conditions, hoping to also strike it rich. Within a year, the population had swelled to about 2,000 people, mostly men, and saloons, brothels, and the boisterous and dangerous life of a frontier town were in full swing. Despite throwing themselves into the back-breaking work, the prospectors didn't find more large gold deposits, so by the mid 1870s, only 100 people remained. Homes, stores, hotels and saloons fell into disrepair, with the last of the pioneer families moving away in 1949. Today, a handful of residents have returned to live in South Pass City, and the South Pass City State Historic Site features more than 30 preserved historic structures dating from the city's heyday.

12 Centralia, Pennsylvania

With smoke and noxious gases escaping from every nook and cranny, this Pennsylvania town has been smoldering since 1962—and its underground fire is expected to burn for 250 more years. A landfill burn gone awry sparked the fire in an abandoned coal mine, which quickly spread into the veins of the coal deposits that had once been the key to Centralia's prosperity. When the initial damage was done, the catastrophe had scorched 140 acres of the town and the surrounding area. Residents evacuated, homes were leveled, and the highway was closed down as the massive fire caused gaping sinkholes spewing fumes. Of the nearly 2,000 Centralia residents who were there when the mines caught fire, only six still remain, determined to make the few streets and buildings in this doomed town their home until they die. This town is the real inspiration for the Silent Hill Movies and Video game franchisees. It is also the place of a death for the infamous occultist Viridian Cruz and the origin of the haunted tales of the Flying Burning Miner.

13 Thurmond, West Virginia

Thurmond's empty downtown belies the fact that five people still actually live in this West Virginia town, now a ghost of the thriving community it used to be. Once a big stop on the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway, the invention of the diesel locomotive in the 1950s rendered its coal-run railroad obsolete. The train depot is now a museum, Amtrak station, and visitors' center for travelers who come to the region to raft on the New River Gorge National River, and the quaint Thurmond Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places. Surprisingly untouched by modern development, Thurmond is a throwback to an American town of the past, an unsettling reminder of how prosperity can be fleeting.

14 Glenrio, Texas/New Mexico

During the 1940s, 50s, and 60s, travelers packed Route 66, sending tens of thousands of people through Glenrio, a tiny town on the border of Texas and New Mexico that offered motorists a road stop with gas stations, diners, bars, western-themed motels, and even a dance hall. When I-40 was built in the 1970s, however, drivers now bypassed the former overnight desert oasis. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Glenrio Historic District includes the old Route 66 roadbed and 17 abandoned buildings, like the Little Juarez Diner, the State Line bar, and the State Line Motel, its now-broken signs announcing to nonexistent motorists that it's the "last in Texas"—or the "first" depending on your direction of travel through the American West.

15 Bulowville, Florida

Cleared of its natural forest in 1821 by Charles Bulow to establish a 2,200-acre plantation to grow sugar cane, cotton, indigo, and rice, this East Florida land soon also housed the area's largest sugar mill, built by Bulow's son, John. Its title didn't last long, however, as the Seminole Indians set fire to the plantation and mill in 1836 during the Second Seminole War. Built of hardy local coquina rock, the mill's massive ruins now rise eerily among the large oak trees that have reclaimed the land in the 150-acre Bulow Plantation Ruins Historic State Park, while the crumbling foundations of the plantation house and slave cabins show the volatility of Florida frontier life.

16 Essex County Jail Annex, North Caldwell, New Jersey

A prison is always haunting, but an abandoned one exudes an even creepier feeling, especially the austere Victorian-style Essex County Jail Annex in New Jersey. First built in 1873 and expanded over the years to include an auditorium, hospital, and cafeteria, much of the facility was closed down in the 1970s and it was abandoned for good in the late 1990s. Left to decay and vandalism by thrill-seekers, inmates' files filled with mugshots and rap sheets soon covered the floor of the auditorium, while shotgun ports and tear gas modules on the ceilings of the mess hall remain to remind trespassers of their potential harrowing fate should they be judged criminals.

17 Grossinger's Catskill Resort, Liberty, New York

In its heyday, the Grossinger's Catskill Resort was the sort of seasonal retreat featured in Dirty Dancing, where well-to-do families in the 1950s spent their summers lounging by its two massive swimming pools, playing golf or tennis, and enjoying the lush 1,200-acre surroundings just two hours north of New York City. In the winters, it offered theatre and skiing, the first place in the world to use artificial snow on its slopes. Of the cabins, cottages, hotel, landing strip, post office and more that served the resort's hundreds of thousands of guests until it closed in the mid 1980s, a few exquisite places still remain undemolished or horribly vandalized. One is the stately natatorium, gorgeously overgrown with moss and ferns, with sunlight streaming through its windows and skylights onto the graffitied pool and abandoned lounge chairs. The other is the hotel's lobby and ballroom where the twin staircases, massive fireplaces and a checkerboard ceiling suggest its former glory. If you listen hard enough, you might still hear the tinkling of cocktail glasses or the clicks of heels dancing the foxtrot.

18 Rolling Acres Mall, Akron, Ohio

Built in 1975 and expanded several times, the Rolling Acres Mall once housed more than 140 stores, a movie theater and a food court. In 2008, the mall was closed and only two large retailers continued to operate, with all stores finally closing in 2013. Having changed owners several times and currently in the process of foreclosure, the once-bustling mall will likely be demolished. Until then, the 1,300,000-square-foot space remains an eerily empty relic of modern civilization, with its cracked glass ceilings letting in snow during winter storms as if the structure stands alone in a post-apocalyptic wasteland.
Disclaimer: Although gathered from credible sources, some or all of this article may be false. Or some or all may be true. I cannot validate either. Some of the photos and art submitted are from online followers and may not be accurate depictions of the things, people or places they may be referring to. I do not hold any responsibility for submitted photos, art or submitted articles. All art, photos and articles are copyright of their respective creators. This is a thread and subreddit dedicated to mythology and lore and some of the topics and postings here may be completely false, partially false or entirely true. Me and my moderators cannot vouch for either.
#americana #ghosttowns #ghosttownsofamerica #ghosttownships #folklore #hauntings #hauntedplaces
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2020.08.23 19:35 linkedkeenan Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink August 17 - August 23

Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink August 17 - August 23
Smart Contract Summit - August 28-29
SmartCon will feature the top minds and builders of smart contracts and celebrate our incredible community, thriving ecosystem & cutting-edge research. Experience a mix of keynotes, panel discussions, live demos, developer workshops, and networking with the community. We made registration complimentary so everyone can participate.
New Speakers announced this week include:

Announcements and Integrations 🎉

ArbolMarket is using Chainlink for validated weather data, making it the first decentralized weather insurance product live on the Ethereum mainnet. Farmers can now protect themselves from negative weather events using universally connected smart contracts.

Blockchain platform Nervos Network is integrating Chainlink oracles to power universally connected smart contracts. Chainlink greatly expands the amount of data Nervos developers can use when building dApps while not compromising on security & reliability.

Centralized trading platform RealHxro integrates Chainlink Price Reference Data live on mainnet to begin decentralizing pricing and settlement of its BTC and ETH indices. This provides Hxro users with unparalleled transparency, fairness, and reliability.

Gaming platform EarnBetCasino is integrating Chainlink to access off-chain data to power its sports games & prediction markets. EarnBet also is looking to incorporate Chainlink VRF within games as an on-chain source of provably fair & unbiased RNG.

Multi-blockchain platform GeeqOfficial is integrating Chainlink to access off-chain data resources. Chainlink gives Geeq developers access to any API, secure nodes for oracle services, a proven in-production DeFi solution for price data, and much more.

Chain_Guardians will use Chainlink VRF to power a new color customization feature for the upcoming Chainlink Guardians. Players will mint NFTs tied to different colors, which can then be merged with Chainlink Guardians to personalize the game experience.

We’re excited to award a grant to SecureDataLinks from the Chainlink Community Grant Program, supporting them in improving https://reputation.link, giving smart contract developers a fully-featured Chainlink oracle network explorer.

Featured Videos & Educational Pieces 🎥

Live video Q&A with Stephen Tse the Founder and CEO of Harmony. The discussion is centered on decentralized oracles meeting the needs of Harmony, their product roadmap, and their unique approach to blockchain and DeFi.
In our second DeFi series article, we examine how permissionless composability enables rapid innovation within DeFi. The result is the formation of a parallel financial ecosystem of features like DEX aggregators, flash loans, no-loss savings games & more.
Thank you to the Aave team for contributing! “One of the biggest value propositions of DeFi is the interoperability by default. This means that anyone can build a product by combining two protocols, such as Aave & Synthetix, & provide a new user experience.” said Aave Founder & CEO, Stani Kulechov.
Chainlink's External Adapter architecture gives blockchain developers a flexible framework to unlock any data resource to power their dApps. We explore how you can connect your smart contract to any off-chain API today on mainnet, using Chainlink.

Ecosystem & Community Celebrations 👏

Upcoming Events 📅

Are you interested in hosting your own meetup? Apply to become a Chainlink Community Advocate today: https://events.chain.link/advocate

Chainlink Labs is hiring to build Chainlink’s network: Check out these open roles 👩‍💼

View all open roles at https://careers.smartcontract.com
Are there other community content and celebrations that we missed? Post them in the comments below! ⤵️
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2020.08.23 00:33 Khalophrecia (Long read) Times (U.K) investigation - Trail of couples butchered in their beds sparks fears of a serial killer at large

That Saturday lunchtime in Gravel Lane in Wilmslow, Cheshire, was like any other. Cars trundled to the shops, children kicked balls in the playing field and just up the road the tall, kindly figure of Howard Ainsworth could be seen taking advantage of the spring weather to mow his precious lawn.
A former parks gardener, 79-year-old Howard was devoted to his petite 78-year-old wife, Beatrice — known as Bea — and was fretting a little that day because she had been laid low with a stomach bug. At about 2pm his neighbour Margaret Farror popped her head over the fence to ask how Bea was feeling.
It was the last time that either Howard or Bea was seen alive. In a witness statement to the police, Farror would later say that Howard seemed perfectly happy and friendly as he chatted. There was nothing in his demeanour to suggest unspeakable actions a few hours later.
The next morning Bea was found lying face up in her nightie on the bed with a knife in her forehead. Her head had been hit several times with a hammer and a pillow half obscured her face. Howard lay next to her in his pyjamas, his head propped up against the headboard and hooded with a bag. The police declared the case to be a murder suicide.
Despite the extremity of the violence, the police investigation regarded the key piece of evidence as a suicide note seemingly written by Howard of his own free will — and the coroner agreed. The case file was closed and the story of the double death in Gravel Lane might have ended there.
But three years later there was another apparent murder suicide in Wilmslow. There were many grisly parallels, besides the location. A devoted elderly couple — Donald and Auriel Ward — were found lying in their bloodstained bed, wearing nightclothes, at their home in Lacey Grove.
Auriel had been bludgeoned, stabbed and suffocated, and her head was partly covered with a pillow. Donald was found with a knife stuck into his heart. After a lengthy police investigation, the coroner found that Donald’s mind must have been disturbed and he — like Howard — had taken his own life after killing the wife he adored.
The four Wilmslow deaths presented the same mystery. There was no rhyme or reason to the severity of the violence, which was entirely uncharacteristic of either man, and — as far as anyone is aware — there was nothing in the loving relationships between the couples stretching back decades to suggest that their lives might end in such a brutal way.
The official explanation did not make sense to Christine Hurst, the coroner’s officer for Cheshire, who reviewed the police files on the cases in preparation for both inquests. Such was her concern, she put the case papers into a joint file “of special interest” and kept them in her office at Macclesfield police station. It would be 17 years before the papers would re-emerge.
Serial killer?
Today serious questions have emerged about whether both the cases could have been double murders, possibly by the same person. Moreover, three other murder suicides have also been identified involving elderly couples in the northwest, raising the chilling possibility that there still could be a serial killer at large. This weekend Cheshire police have launched a review into the matter.
The Wilmslow cases had always sat uneasily with Hurst, who was one of the most experienced coroner’s officers in the country. She has advised parliamentary committees and government departments and was called on to give evidence about the role of coroner’s officers in the inquiry into the serial killer Harold Shipman in 2002.
She has described in a written statement how the Ainsworth case did not feel “right” from the moment the envelope containing photographs relating to it came across her desk in spring 1996. Though accustomed to disturbing images because of her job, she was “appalled at the level of violence” that had been inflicted on Bea.
Three years later, in November 1999, Hurst happened to be in Macclesfield mortuary when Auriel Ward’s body came in, and she was instantly struck by how similar her wounds were to those she had seen in the photographs of Bea. Indeed, when she reviewed the photographs of the incident, she was surprised to see how much it resembled the earlier scene in Gravel Lane.
Hurst noted the likeness in the way the bodies were positioned in the bed; a knife was left protruding in both incidents; a pillow was set at the same angle over the two female victims’ faces; and their nighties had been left raised above their thighs, exposing them in an undignified manner. She raised these concerns with her colleagues in the police who were investigating the Ward case, but it led to nothing.
So when Hurst retired in 2017, she dug out the file of special interest and passed it on to her bright new successor, Stephanie Davies, a high-flyer who had been given a commendation by the chief constable two years earlier and held a string of qualifications in death investigations, crime scenes and forensic science. “I hoped that one day these two cases would be looked at again,” Hurst wrote.
That is exactly what Davies did. The new Cheshire coroner’s officer, who is an employee of the police, launched herself into the task of re-examining the murder files in her free time and took courses to further understand the science.
Extensive countrywide research turned up two more cases that had been deemed murder suicides and fitted the pattern. Remarkably, they were both just a half-hour drive away in the Greater Manchester area. In each case the elderly woman had been stabbed in the neck and suffered “blunt force trauma” to her head after seemingly being attacked by her husband, who had then taken his own life.
Davies enlisted the help of Steve Chancellor, one of America’s top “cold case” police forensic investigators, who has lectured and written about how offenders attempt to misdirect detectives at crime scenes. His review of the Ainsworth and Ward case files said vital clues were missed or misinterpreted.
He disagreed with the findings of the two police investigations and argued that both cases were likely to be double murders. “I would be looking at the same offender involved in both cases as a very real possibility,” he concluded, although he cautioned he could not be 100% sure.
Chancellor found it extraordinary that there had been similar cases in the Manchester area. “I am not sure of the statistical probabilities, but they have to be astronomical for four similar murder suicides, involving elderly couples, inside their homes, using blunt and sharp force trauma and/or asphyxia as a cause of death.
“Further, in all four cases, there is no history of domestic violence within the marriage and, more importantly, in each case the husband’s alleged perpetrator actions were described as out of character. I would suggest a detailed look throughout the country for any additional victims or other similar cases.”
Armed with Chancellor’s expert opinion, Davies compiled a 179-page report on five murder suicides — including an extra case she had discovered in Cumbria — that she believes are strikingly similar.
She handed the report to Cheshire police last month and is calling on the National Crime Agency and Interpol to urgently review cases across Britain and Europe to determine whether there are any more related murders. Cheshire police are looking at the new information in the report and have contacted the Greater Manchester and Cumbria forces in regard to the other cases.
We were shown a copy of the report by a source, but Davies declined to comment when approached last week.
In her report, she wrote: “It is certainly not the intention to disrepute the findings of those original investigators who worked on these cases 20 years ago. The knowledge that investigators have these days surrounding forensics, bloodstain pattern analysis and crime scene interpretation is more advanced.”
But she said she decided to raise the cases with the police because of “the concern that there is an outstanding offender, who could still be offending, and who needs to be brought to justice”.
It was also an opportunity to support the families of the victims, who might believe wrongly that “their fathers/grandfathers/ uncles/brothers have violently killed and degraded their wives. And finally, this is to ensure that the truth comes out for those deceased victims themselves.”
In her opinion, the interpretation of the murder scenes in the original investigations could well be wrong and instead the deaths might be the work of a serial killer who has not been caught.
Strange and illegal act It was the era of Britpop, and the “bigger than the Beatles” local band Oasis were playing to sold-out crowds at the Maine Road stadium in Manchester on the last weekend of April 1996, when the lives of Howard and Bea Ainsworth ended.
Farror, the couple’s neighbour, spotted their curtains were still drawn at 11.30am on Sunday, April 28, and called police after her attempts to contact them had failed. The awful sight that greeted PC Neal Miller is described calmly in his report, but this was no usual crime scene.
“I could see there was a male and a female body, both in their mid-70s, lying face up on a double bed,” wrote Miller. “The female was on the left side closest the door and the male was closest to the window on the right side. The female had a blood-soaked pillow over her face with a wooden handle of a kitchen knife sticking out of it . . . The male was lying to her right with a large clear plastic bag over his head.”
An initial reading of the scene suggested that Howard had killed his wife and then taken his own life. Crucially, a suicide note had been a left on a yellow pad that had been placed on the sideboard next to where the couple’s bodies lay. It was purported to have been written by Howard at 3.30am that day.
In spidery writing, its author matter-of-factly gave details of Bea’s recent illness from a virus and described a doctor’s visit earlier. Bea had become “delirious” and therefore, the writer said: “It looks as tho [sic] our lives have gone so have given her some sleeping tablets and I will have to throttle her.”
This extraordinary leap of logic in the note did not make sense for a number of reasons, not least that the doctor would later tell the police that Bea was merely suffering from a stomach bug, which should have improved after a few days, and she had no long-term illnesses. Howard also appeared to be in good health, so there was no reason for the couple to take their lives. But the suicide theory was given added plausibility when the police found paperwork in the couple’s home that showed they had joined the Scottish Voluntary Euthanasia Society six years earlier. A “Do not resuscitate” sign had been left at the top of the stairs and the back door had been left unlocked — both measures that were part of the couple’s euthanasia plan.
The suicide note ended with a tender and resigned acknowledgment that “we have had a good life together”. Yet it was difficult to reconcile the warmth of this sentiment with the evidence of extreme violence the police had witnessed in the bedroom.
Bea had been hit several times over the head with a hammer and may already have been dead when she was stabbed in the forehead with such force, the knife penetrated her skull and snapped at the end. Two hammers were found upstairs, one of which had been washed in the bathroom sink as if someone had attempted to destroy DNA evidence.
This was not a crime of compassion, as the suicide note had suggested. Christopher Docker, the Scottish euthanasia society’s executive secretary, would tell police: “We are concerned that none of our literature encompasses such a strange and illegal act and we are shocked by it.”
There was no respect for the victim: the knife was left lodged in her head and the hemline of her nightie had been pulled up to the hip as she lay lifeless on the bed. Chancellor, the US crime scene expert, believes these to be crucial facts that undermine the theory this was merely euthanasia. “I just do not see Mr Ainsworth acting in such a violent manner against his wife,” he opined. “Even if he decided to end their life as was his eventual plan — the means he used is inconsistent with his long-held belief to end their lives with dignity when they were ready.
“Mrs Ainsworth’s life was not ended with dignity. It was ended with violence and she was left in an embarrassing or degrading position. This is so out of character, I cannot concur with the initial police finding.”
Moreover, Chancellor believes that the scene could well have been staged to look like a suicide. A bottle of sedatives was left on a chest of drawers in the bedroom with two tumblers, as if they had been used as part of a planned suicide. But the toxicology reports did not find the pills had been taken by the couple, and their doctors confirmed that they had never been prescribed this particular sedative.
There was also little blood on Howard’s pyjamas or hands, which was surprising given the severity of the attack. It appeared that he had asphyxiated himself with a bag over his head, but the pathologist noticed bruises on his lips that were “not explained” by this manner of death. Such injuries can be caused when somebody is forcibly suffocated by an attacker, Chancellor noted.
Howard’s body was also found in an unusual position. He was lying flat, with his left hand wedged under his back and his head half propped up against the headboard. “In my opinion, this is consistent with him being placed into bed by an offender after he was already dead,” said Chancellor. Bea’s knees also had fresh abrasions, suggesting she might have been dragged across the floor to the bed. Most mysteriously of all, blood had spattered the bag that covered Howard’s head, the report noted. In the photographs, the droplets appeared to be consistent with the pattern of stains across the bedsheets caused by the impact injuries suffered by Bea. If this was so, then Howard could not have been the killer, as he was already lying dead when she met her violent end.
The ruled-out suspect John Ainsworth, the couple’s only child, stood to inherit the house in Gravel Lane. A note with his name and address had been left in the bedroom but, oddly, he was not contacted at his home in Derby by police until 2am on the Monday.
“Probably through shock, I went straight to bed and fell asleep,” he said in his police statement. In the morning, he went to the drug rehab charity where he worked and was given the day off when he told his boss what had happened.
It was John who described to the police his father’s long-held belief in euthanasia — a fact confirmed by a neighbour. “My father had told me that as soon as deteriorating health reduced their quality of life, they would enter into a suicide pact. My mother was present when this was discussed,” he told the police.
When we tracked down John, 66, to his new home on a remote country lane near the village of Tanyfron in Wrexham last month he was still bitter about the way the police had handled the case. “The police were fwits. They thought I’d done it. I had a f of a job with those Cheshire pig c***s,” said John, who has always denied any involvement in his parents’ deaths.
A divorced father with two children, he said that “the police had staked out my house in their ignorance”, but he was nowhere near the scene of the crime at the time his parents died. “I had gone to pick up my ex-wife and kids to take them down to London to see her dying mother,” he said, “so my mother-in-law came through for me, and that was my alibi . . . I was absolved.”
John said he spent the weekend at a friend’s house in Hackney, east London, and was driving back on the M40 when he saw a bird of prey, a red kite, “at exactly the time that my father was doing my mother in”.
He believes his father had been hit by a “very fast form of dementia” just before the attack. “I understand that my dad went nuts and his predilection for euthanasia and his manic depression took over,” he said. His father was a complicated man, he explained, who had been traumatised by fighting the Japanese in Burma during the Second World War.
The police had quickly discounted John as a suspect, and two months later they allowed him to supply some of the key evidence of his father’s handwriting, which was used to confirm that Howard had been the author of the suicide note and other papers found at the scene.
John explained that the house had been mysteriously cleared of paperwork before his parents’ deaths. “In the two years before he died, he destroyed just about all paperwork belonging to the family. There’s very little documentary evidence of anything . . . That I’ve never understood.”
He moved into his parents’ house for a few years after they died and was aware that there had been similar deaths. When our reporter raised the possibility that there was a second, related case in Wilmslow, he said: “In fact there’s a third.” He was referring to one of the two Manchester cases.
“I read newspapers,” he said. “As far as I am concerned there is no link between the three. They didn’t know each other . . . Was the second one a copycat? That’s not my story.”
Act of compassion At the end of a darkened lane lined with thick rhododendron bushes, the front gate had been left open to the imposing redbrick dormer bungalow. On Friday, November 26, 1999 a neighbour and his friend peered through the unlocked kitchen door to see the table set for breakfast in the late afternoon, but nobody seemed to be at home.
It was difficult to make anything out when the two men padded upstairs and ventured into the dimly lit main bedroom — until they found the light switch. There were the inhabitants, the Wards, a couple married for 45 years, lying together in bloodstained sheets.
The husband and wife were well liked in the affluent Cheshire town, which is known for its famous residents such as Sir Alex Ferguson, the then Manchester United manager. Mary Colborn-Roberts, a hairdresser who saw 68-year-old Auriel every week, recalled that her friend “always wore the nicest clothes — usually navy M&S clothes”. She described Donald, a 73-year-old former industrial chemist, as “the sort who wore a trilby hat. He would tip his hat at you when he walked past and hold doors for people — a proper gentleman.”
Just a week earlier, a local handyman called James Allen had been finishing off the couple’s new driveway when Donald had popped out for a chat. In his police statement, Allen recalls that Auriel had spotted Donald and brought a coat in case he caught a chill. Later Auriel rejoined the two men on the driveway and Donald took off the coat and placed it gently around his wife’s shoulders.
It was a small act of kindness between a seemingly happy couple that would be hard to reconcile with the official version of the events the police believed happened sometime around daybreak on Tuesday, November 23. The courteous grandfather is said to have gone berserk.
The sight that confronted the police investigators when the bodies were found three days later was harrowing. One officer still has uncomfortable memories. “I can honestly say I’d never seen anything like that bedroom. The violence on show was extreme,” he said. “I probably should have referred myself for counselling and therapy. But back then it wasn’t really the done thing. You just get on with it.”
Auriel had been bludgeoned in the head, stabbed in the neck and suffocated with a pillow. Donald had a gaping slit across his throat and a knife embedded through his ribcage into his heart. Both had injuries to their hands that were initially thought to have been sustained while defending themselves from an attacker. By the bed there were smashed pieces of a ceramic hot water bottle, which appeared to have been used as a weapon both to hit Auriel on the head then to stab her with its broken shards.
The police began a murder inquiry, but the pathologist’s report the next day cast immediate doubt on the idea that a third party was involved. The report found that Donald had cuts to his hands, groin, wrists and upper body. While accepting that some of these injuries could be in self-defence against an attacker, the pathologist was of the belief that they had been self-inflicted. However, the evidence did not rule out a third party intruder.
A retired detective who worked on the original inquiry said: “It was treated as a full-on murder investigation. We interviewed potential people of interest who were in prisons and chased down individuals who may have been in the area at the time.”
The police investigation took more than six months. The DNA sampling found the blood at the scene belonged to the couple. But it is not clear whether wider DNA tests were carried out to find other evidence of an intruder, and the police concluded that it was likely no other attacker was involved. “In the end, the most compelling argument we had was that Donald killed his wife and killed himself. Is it possible a third party could have been involved? Yes. There is a possibility,” said the detective.
But there were a number of facts that made the detectives feel uneasy. Donald had no known history of violence and yet the attack on his wife, if it was a murder suicide, was overkill. A review of the case by the now defunct National Crime Faculty (NCF) found the attack to be “expressive”, which means a level of violence was applied beyond that needed to kill her — possibly out of extreme rage.
So the official story is this: after clubbing his wife with the ceramic hot water bottle and stabbing her with its broken shards, Donald is then said to have gone downstairs and gathered a kitchen knife to attack her further. Both her main arteries in her neck were severed.
Her body was left with her nightie hitched up to hip height, before a blanket was folded back over her and a pillow was left partially over her face.
One of the key pieces of evidence that persuaded the police Donald carried out the attack was that his blood was found on the knife drawer in the kitchen as well as the light switch and the backdoor key. The forensics team believed the blood had dripped directly from one of the deep cuts to his right hand, which could have been defence wounds or, according to the police theory, cuts from using the ceramic shards as a weapon.
The NCF report found the discovery of the blood downstairs to be convincing evidence but acknowledged that it did not preclude all possible scenarios such as an “extremely skilful attempt to ‘stage’ the crime” to make it look like no third party was involved.
One of the aspects of the case that continued to confound them was the manner of Donald’s death. He had been stabbed three times in the groin area and his wrist was slashed but there seemed to be a lack of blood. A lot of blood, however, had seeped out onto his pillow from the deep cut across the front of his neck, which had severed his jugular vein.
The NCF report added: “We have concerns and need explanations as to the blood pattern on Mr Ward’s face. The position the body was discovered in does not match this blood patterning. It is our opinion that the blood pattern must have come when Mr Ward’s face was in contact with a heavily bloodstained object, and either Mr Ward or the object has moved, how?”
Most baffling of all is that Donald had severe bleeding from his cut throat — sufficient to end his life — and yet he is thought to have carried on harming himself. Would he then have had the strength to plunge a knife into his own heart?
Chancellor assessed this as unlikely, especially as there were no hesitation marks, which are normally seen when someone gathers the courage to self-inflict such a devastating final blow to themselves. “The injuries to the neck are so severe, I just can’t imagine he would then stab himself so deeply,” he noted.
Similar misgivings were expressed in the NCF report. “Is it feasible that someone is able to self-inflict Mr Ward’s neck injury and still be able to stab himself through the heart. Bearing in mind he is believed to be right-handed and the injuries to the right hand.”
The final blow caused only minor bleeding, suggesting that his heart may have already stopped. Could this injury have been inflicted by someone else after Donald had died?
The couple did not leave a suicide note. Despite the cloud cast over Donald’s role in the deaths, the couple’s family held a joint memorial, believing they should still be together, as they always had been. The family are reluctant to speak about the incident and say they have tried to get “closure” in the past 20 years, despite struggling to accept Donald was capable of such a crime.
But Auriel’s friend Colborn-Roberts recalled: “I went to their memorial service. I remember one of the sons telling me that they never believed their father could have done it. I don’t think anybody did. He said: ‘Dad was a chemist. He knew every chemical under the sun which could have killed them both peacefully. I don’t believe he’d have chosen that way.’”
Strikingly similar
In her report sent to Cheshire police, Davies argues that both cases are double murders and show signs that attempts have been made by the perpetrator to misdirect the police into believing that there was no third party involved. She lists numerous significant similarities between the cases. They include the night clothes, the position of the two bodies, the method of attack, the nighties pulled up, the women’s faces partially covered by a pillow and their wedding rings on display.
In addition, she argues that both male bodies had been moved or rearranged after death, and that the attacks were “out of character” because there was no history of domestic violence or psychiatric illness. Her report says these are signs of a “signature behaviour” that an offender repeats in order to satisfy some psychological or sexual need.
Fearing that such an offender may have committed similar crimes, she carried out an extensive search, including making freedom of information inquiries across the country, and found 39 cases of elderly couples discovered together after suspected murder suicides between 2000 and last year.
When she narrowed her search down based on the injuries documented at Wilmslow, she identified three cases. All happened to be in the northwest: two close by in Greater Manchester and one in Cumbria. In her report, Davies makes clear that she cannot be sure these murder suicides are linked to the Ainsworth and Ward cases because she did not have access to police files.
The report does find some “striking” similarities with the Wilmslow deaths. But these three cases are not clear-cut and all have complicating factors that may have tipped the balance when the police were deciding whether the husband had the motivation to murder his wife and take his own life.
The three other cases
On February 21, 2000, a couple were found dead in their home in East Didsbury, Manchester, with extensive head and neck injuries. It was just three months after the deaths of the Wards and detectives from Manchester instantly contacted Cheshire police because of the similarity between the cases.
According to Davies’s report, the body of Violet Higgins, a 76-year-old former policewoman, was discovered in her nightie on the marital bed after being bludgeoned with a rolling pin and stabbed in the neck with a pair of scissors. Reports said she had been beaten “beyond recognition”. She had been attacked while sleeping and was found huddled under a duvet.
The body of her husband, Michael, a 59-year-old former security guard, was in the spare room in his pyjamas. He had been stabbed in the throat and garrotted with a coat hanger. A bottle of pills was scattered across the bathroom floor.
The police quickly dropped the investigation, believing it was a murder suicide. The inquest heard evidence that Michael was suffering from Parkinson’s disease and his wife had threatened to put him in a home, a possible motive for the killing. He had also been to a solicitor to discuss the possibility of divorce.
However, the coroner, Leonard Gorodkin, remarked specifically on the fact that the couple had enjoyed a happy marriage and while finding that the case was a murder suicide, he said it was far from clear what had driven Michael to such an attack. “I don’t know what led to them falling out, but terrible violence took place that was completely out of character with Mr Higgins,” he said.
Davies’s report speculates that this may have been a double murder by someone who was attempting to make it look like a suicide. “The combined methods of sharp-force injury to the throat, the pills thrown on the floor and . . . the coat hanger around the neck all in combination strikes as a very rare and unusual suicide method. These method(s) and signs of suicide, could therefore be indicative of exaggeration at the scene, ie where an offender tries to make it obvious to the police that the death was due to suicide.”
Her report also raises questions about whether the November 2008 deaths of Eileen and Kenneth Martin on the eve of their 55th wedding anniversary might have been linked to the other alleged murders. Eileen, a 76-year-old former printer, was killed by blows to the head with a blunt instrument — possibly a hammer — and had cuts to her neck and wrists. Her body was found in the garage at their home in Davyhulme, Greater Manchester, alongside Kenneth, a 77-year-old retired steel erector, who is said to have slashed his own throat, cut his wrists and hanged himself, according to the report.
It was presented in newspapers at the time as a “mercy killing”. Kenneth had suffered from prostate cancer and he was struggling to look after his wife, who had severe dementia. He had expressed concern that if he died first then Eileen would become a burden to their children and had told his daughter, “When it’s my time to go, it’ll be her time to go”, but she believed the remarks to be just attention-seeking. On the night before their deaths he broke down in tears and told his daughter he could no longer cope. She reassured him she would “come round every day” to help.
However, this case is not entirely clear-cut. Davies’s report points out that the brutal injuries inflicted on Eileen were not at all consistent with a mercy killing. Furthermore, Kenneth was frail and had difficulty walking, raising questions about whether he had the physical power to carry out such an attack.
The last couple identified in the report were Stanley Wilson, 92, a former quarry worker, and his 89-year-old wife, Peggie, from Kendal in Cumbria. During a long retirement filled with bowling, Scrabble and needlework, the loving couple were often spotted around town holding hands.
Sometime overnight on February 17 or February 18, 2011, Stanley, who had recently suffered significant loss of sight, is believed to have carried out a frenzied and prolonged attack on his retired teacher wife in the front bedroom. She was hit on the head and face, strangled and then stabbed with a knife in the neck several times, severing her jugular vein. Stanley is said to have killed himself with several stab wounds to the neck.
Was this a double murder? The inquest heard Stanley had been released from the Royal Lancaster Infirmary the day before and had been expressing paranoid fears that his wife, son and the nursing staff were trying to poison him.
Certainly, the couple’s son, Graham, believes that his father committed the crime because of mental illness, even though — as his wife, Barbara, pointed out — Stanley “worshipped the ground she [his wife] walked on”. Graham added: “It was horrible, but I would never have suspected foul play.”
There were, however, several parallels to the stabbings in the Ward case in particular, Davies’s report notes.
It goes on to profile the type of person the killer might be. Davies believes he would be a younger man more powerful than his victims. He is likely to have befriended his victims, which is why they would allow him to enter homes. The report suggests that the murderer “had a strong hatred toward women, especially domineering females”.
It concludes: “This individual will not stop killing until someone or something stops him . . . The acts of dominating the victims, carrying out the murders, and fooling the police, are all addictive to him. He will have meticulously planned each murder, ensured he left no forensic evidence and followed the cases in the media.”
Alarm bells
In the preparation for this article, we asked Peter Kirkham, a former detective chief inspector who served for 21 years in the Metropolitan police, to review the case files. He was instantly struck by how unusual the two Wilmslow cases were.
He said: “The knife left in the head is strange. That is one of the genuine things that immediately for me rang bells. It’s a significantly higher level of violence and quite extreme violence for this ‘mild mannered couple, never had a bad word in their lives’ situation.”
One of the main facts that did not fit, in Kirkham’s opinion, was the presence of a suicide note in the Ainsworth case. In her report, Davies speculates Howard Ainsworth may have been coerced by the attacker to write the note.
But Kirkham says he has never experienced an offender having so much control over the victims. “It doesn’t happen, in my experience . . . even if they’re frail and incapable of very much.”
However, Kirkham does believe that the case raises “sufficient serious valid concerns to merit a review of these deaths”. He said the Cheshire review should ask an experienced criminal profiler to review the report initially, followed potentially by blood-spatter and pathology experts.
“The report makes allegations that there may be a serial killer on the loose and provides a large number of reasons for coming to that conclusion. Those allegations should now be examined.”
This weekend Nazir Afzal, the former chief prosecutor for the northwest, said: “The concerns raised in this report need to be taken very seriously. We could potentially have a serial killer in our midst. There needs to be a proper review of these cases and others which carry similar hallmarks.”
Chester MP Chris Matheson said police must act swiftly. “The implications don’t bear thinking about if there is an offender responsible for a series of what were dreadful crimes.”
Cheshire police said: “We are in receipt of the report and it is being reviewed. This is a piece of research which has been undertaken by the staff member, independently from her role within the constabulary. As with any case that has been closed, where new information comes to light, it is reviewed and acted upon if appropriate. We have notified both Greater Manchester Police and Cumbria Constabulary.”
Further victims?
Donald and Aurial Deceased Donald, 73, and Auriel Ward, 68. Date bodies found November 26, 1999. Location Wilmslow, Cheshire.
Happily married for 45 years, the smartly dressed couple doted on their grandchildren. Known for his impeccable manners, Donald, a retired chemist, was seen being affectionate towards Auriel, an ex-nursery school teacher, days before they died. Their son said he never believed his father was capable of such an act.
Crime scene
Their bodies were found in bed. Donald was wearing pyjamas and Auriel was in a nightdress. She had been struck over the head with a ceramic water bottle and had stab wounds to her neck. Donald’s neck had been cut open and a knife plunged into his heart.
Michael and Violet Deceased Michael, 59, and Violet Higgins, 76. Date bodies found February 21, 2000. Location Didsbury, Manchester.
Violet, an ex-policewomen, and Michael, a former security guard, had been described as “the perfect couple” by friends. Michael had Parkinson’s disease and his wife was considering putting him in a home. But his brother said he was never “capable of hurting anyone”.
Crime scene Violet’s body was found in her nightdress in the couple’s bed while Michael was in his pyjamas in the spare room. She had been beaten over the head with a rolling pin and stabbed in the neck with scissors. He had cuts to his neck and was strangled with a coathanger twisted round his neck.
Kenneth and Eileen *Deceased Kenneth, 77, and Eileen Martin,76. Date bodies found November 10, 2008. Location Davyhulme, Greater Manchester.
The devoted couple were on the brink of celebrating their 55th wedding anniversary. Kenneth, a retired steel erector, had cancer and had been struggling to care for Eileen, a former printer, who had dementia. Their family said they could not comprehend what had happened.
Crime scene
The couple’s bodies were both found in their garage. Eileen had severe head injuries and cuts to her wrists and neck. Kenneth was found hanged with a slashed throat.
Deceased Stanley, 92, and Peggie Wilson, 89. Date bodies found February 18, 2011. Location Kendal, Cumbria.
The “loving and happy” couple are said to have had many friends. Stanley, a retired quarryman, was a bowling enthusiast, and Peggie, a former teacher, loved painting and needlework. Shortly before their deaths, however, Stanley had begun suffering from acute mental illness and paranoia.
Crime scene
Both were found dead in their bedroom. Peggie had blunt-force injuries to her head and numerous knife wounds to her neck, one of which severed her jugular vein. Stanley had lethal cuts to his neck and body.
submitted by Khalophrecia to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]

2020.08.10 18:30 ZellZoy [Help]HP pavilion laptop intermittently crashes when going to sleep

So this has been happening pretty much since I got it. I am on Windows 10 Home and Windows Update says I am up to date as of today. Every once in a while, when my computer goes to sleep it crashes with a black screen. The power led stays on, and the harddrive and fans are spinning, but the screen is black, the keyboard and mouse will not respond, including the caps lock light and the backlight button (which I thought was OS independent...), and the battery drains as if the computer is in use. This happens whether I shut the lid or just leave the computer on long enough to fall asleep. The only way to get out of this is to hold the power button to shut it off and then turn it back on. I've searched through guides but the results I've found have either point to a windows update issue from a few years ago (I've updated since then) or to people who built desktops themselves and had hardware issues. With how thin the laptop is, I'd rather exhaust software avenues before cracking it open to check the ram.
I tried methods 1 and 2 in this guide: https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/all/windows-10-hibernatesleep-crash/ca87696f-2994-4a83-9502-e622ed045a73
which I thought solved it at first since it went a few days without happening after that, but it started happening again today. I've also tried messing with the sleep settings, disabling hybrid sleep (another guide mentioned it) but no dice. Here are logs from 20 minutes ago when it happened again.
2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS TI: --- Initializing Trusted Installer --- 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS TI: Last boot time: 2020-08-07 09:34:29.463 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Starting TrustedInstaller initialization. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsPublicSessionClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:4 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsPublicSessionClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:5 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: WinlogonNotifyLock, level: 8, total lock:6 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Ending TrustedInstaller initialization. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Starting the TrustedInstaller main loop. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS TrustedInstaller service starts successfully. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS No startup processing required, TrustedInstaller service was not set as autostart 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Startup processing thread terminated normally 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS TI: Startup Processing completes, release startup processing lock. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Starting TiWorker initialization. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: TiWorkerClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:2 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Ending TiWorker initialization. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Starting the TiWorker main loop. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS TiWorker starts successfully. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsWorker, level: 5, total lock:3 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Universal Time is: 2020-08-10 14:12:32.625 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Loaded Servicing Stack v10.0.18362.957 with Core: C:\WINDOWS\winsxs\amd64_microsoft-windows-servicingstack_31bf3856ad364e35_10.0.18362.957_none_5f2e9e6258ea82f2\cbscore.dll 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Build: 18362.1.amd64fre.19h1_release.190318-1202 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CSI [email protected]/8/10:14:12:32.627 WcpInitialize: wcp.dll version 10.0.18362.957 (WinBuild.160101.0800) 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsSessionManager, level: 11, total lock:8 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CSIInventoryCriticalSection, level: 64, total lock:9 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS NonStart: Set pending store consistency check. 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Maint: idle processing paused 2020-08-10 07:12:32, Info CBS Session: 30830368_1242688321 initialized by client LanguageSettings, external staging directory: (null), external registry directory: (null) 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Appl:Feature On Demand package without explicit comparator, using GE on build version 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Appl:Feature On Demand package without explicit comparator, using GE on build version 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Appl:LCU package and revision compare set to explicit 2020-08-10 07:12:33, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:12:36, Info CBS Maint: idle processing paused 2020-08-10 07:12:36, Info CBS Session: 30830368_1286250777 initialized by client DISM Package Manager Provider, external staging directory: (null), external registry directory: (null) 2020-08-10 07:12:37, Info CBS Skipping package [Microsoft-OneCore-ApplicationModel-Sync-Desktop-FOD-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.1] since it has a release-type [OnDemand Pack] that makes it not superseded 2020-08-10 07:12:37, Info CBS Skipping package [Microsoft-OneCore-ApplicationModel-Sync-Desktop-FOD-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.836] since it has a release-type [OnDemand Pack] that makes it not superseded 2020-08-10 07:12:37, Info CBS Skipping package [Microsoft-OneCore-ApplicationModel-Sync-Desktop-FOD-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.959] since it has a release-type [OnDemand Pack] that makes it not superseded 2020-08-10 07:12:41, Info CBS Skipping package [Microsoft-Windows-Client-LanguagePack-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-US~10.0.18362.1] since it has a 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Package_for_KB4537759~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~, ApplicableState: 80, CurrentState:112 2020-08-10 07:13:02, Info CBS [Package_for_KB4537759~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~] is a top-level package and is deeply superseded 2020-08-10 07:13:02, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4538674~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.651.1.0] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:02, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4541338~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.710.1.0] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4552152~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.772.1.0] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4559309~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4560959~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.892.1.3] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Read out cached package applicability for package: Package_for_KB4561600~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~, ApplicableState: 112, CurrentState:112 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Skipping package [Package_for_KB4565554~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.957.1.3] since it is permanent 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:13:03, Info CBS Read out cached package applicability for package: Package_for_OasisAsset~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.206.1.3, ApplicableState: 112, CurrentState:112 2020-08-10 07:13:05, Info CBS Appl:LCU package and revision compare set to explicit 2020-08-10 07:13:05, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:13:07, Info CBS Read out cached package applicability for package: Package_for_RollupFix~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.900.1.8, ApplicableState: 80, CurrentState:80 2020-08-10 07:13:07, Info CBS [Package_for_RollupFix~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.900.1.8] is a top-level package and is deeply superseded 2020-08-10 07:13:09, Info CBS Appl:LCU package and revision compare set to explicit 2020-08-10 07:13:09, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:13:10, Info CBS Read out cached package applicability for package: Package_for_RollupFix~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~18362.959.1.9, ApplicableState: 112, CurrentState:112 2020-08-10 07:13:10, Info CBS Appl:LCU package and revision compare set to explicit 2020-08-10 07:13:10, Info CBS Package Format: PSFX 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Trusted Installer is shutting down because: SHUTDOWN_REASON_AUTOSTOP 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Maint: idle processing paused 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS TiWorker signaled for shutdown, going to exit. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ExecutionEngineFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Execution Engine Finalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Execution Engine Finalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: TiWorkerClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:3 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CCbsWorker, level: 5, total lock:2 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Ending the TiWorker main loop. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Starting TiWorker finalization. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ExecutionEngineFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CBS Engine already deactivated 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CBS Engine already deactivated 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ComponentAnalyzerFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: PackageTrackerFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CoreResourcesUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: SessionManagerFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CSIInventoryCriticalSection, level: 64, total lock:9 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CCbsSessionManager, level: 11, total lock:8 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CapabilityManagerFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: PublicObjectMonitorFinalize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: Enter vCoreInitializeLock 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: WcpUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: DrupUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CfgMgr32Unload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: DpxUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: SrUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsEsdUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsTraceInfoUninitialize 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsEventUnregister 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: AppContainerUnload 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: WdsUnload, logging from cbscore will end. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Ending TiWorker finalization. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Ending the TrustedInstaller main loop. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Starting TrustedInstaller finalization. 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: WinlogonNotifyLock, level: 8, total lock:6 2020-08-10 07:15:16, Info CBS Ending TrustedInstaller finalization. 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS TI: --- Initializing Trusted Installer --- 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS TI: Last boot time: 2020-08-10 09:07:05.500 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Starting TrustedInstaller initialization. 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsPublicSessionClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:4 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsPublicSessionClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:5 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: WinlogonNotifyLock, level: 8, total lock:6 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Ending TrustedInstaller initialization. 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Starting the TrustedInstaller main loop. 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS TrustedInstaller service starts successfully. 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS No startup processing required, TrustedInstaller service was not set as autostart 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS Startup processing thread terminated normally 2020-08-10 09:11:32, Info CBS TI: Startup Processing completes, release startup processing lock. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Starting TiWorker initialization. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: TiWorkerClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:2 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Ending TiWorker initialization. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Starting the TiWorker main loop. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS TiWorker starts successfully. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsWorker, level: 5, total lock:3 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Universal Time is: 2020-08-10 16:11:34.636 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Loaded Servicing Stack v10.0.18362.957 with Core: C:\WINDOWS\winsxs\amd64_microsoft-windows-servicingstack_31bf3856ad364e35_10.0.18362.957_none_5f2e9e6258ea82f2\cbscore.dll 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Build: 18362.1.amd64fre.19h1_release.190318-1202 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CSI [email protected]/8/10:16:11:34.638 WcpInitialize: wcp.dll version 10.0.18362.957 (WinBuild.160101.0800) 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CCbsSessionManager, level: 11, total lock:8 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Lock: New lock added: CSIInventoryCriticalSection, level: 64, total lock:9 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS NonStart: Set pending store consistency check. 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Maint: idle processing paused 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Session: 30830384_3943307287 initialized by client WinMgmt, external staging directory: (null), external registry directory: (null) 2020-08-10 09:11:34, Info CBS Enumerating Foundation package: Microsoft-Windows-Foundation-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.900, this could be slow 2020-08-10 09:11:36, Info CBS Appl:Feature On Demand package without explicit comparator, using GE on build version 2020-08-10 09:11:36, Info CBS Appl:Feature On Demand package without explicit comparator, using GE on build version 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CSI 00000002 IAdvancedInstallerAwareStore_ResolvePendingTransactions (call 1) (flags = 00000004, progress = NULL, phase = 0, pdwDisposition = @0x46f587d3b0 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CSI 00000003 Poqexec successfully registered in [l:12 ml:13]'SetupExecute' 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CSI 00000004 CSI Store 1521732342704 initialized 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CSI [email protected]/8/10:16:11:39.710 CSI Transaction @0x1624e50e1b0 initialized for deployment engine {d16d444c-56d8-11d5-882d-0080c847b195} with flags 00000000 and client id 'TI5.30830384_3943307287:1/' 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CSI [email protected]/8/10:16:11:39.723 CSI Transaction @0x1624e50e1b0 destroyed 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-NetFx4-WCF-US-OC-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.1, Remote Parent: NetFx4-AdvSrvs, Intended State: Installed 2020-08-10 09:11:39, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-NetFx4-WCF-US-OC-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.1, Update: WCF-Services45, Applicable: Applicable, Disposition: Installed 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServerRole, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-WebServer, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServer, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-CommonHttpFeatures, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServer, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-ApplicationDevelopment, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServer, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-HealthAndDiagnostics, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServer, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-Security, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServer, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-Performance, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServerRole, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-WebServerManagementTools, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Local Parent: IIS-WebServerManagementTools, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: DetectUpdate, Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-AddOn-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Remote Parent: IIS-WebServerRole, Intended State: Staged 2020-08-10 09:11:40, Info CBS Appl: Package: Microsoft-Windows-IIS-WebServer-AddOn-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.18362.815, Update: IIS-FTPServer, Applicable: NeedsParent, Disposition: Staged 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS Trusted Installer is shutting down because: SHUTDOWN_REASON_AUTOSTOP 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS Maint: idle processing paused 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS TiWorker signaled for shutdown, going to exit. 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ExecutionEngineFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS Execution Engine Finalize 2020-08-10 09:13:40, Info CBS Execution Engine Finalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: TiWorkerClassFactory, level: 30, total lock:3 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CCbsWorker, level: 5, total lock:2 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Ending the TiWorker main loop. 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Starting TiWorker finalization. 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ExecutionEngineFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CBS Engine already deactivated 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CBS Engine already deactivated 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: ComponentAnalyzerFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: PackageTrackerFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CoreResourcesUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: SessionManagerFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CSIInventoryCriticalSection, level: 64, total lock:9 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: CCbsSessionManager, level: 11, total lock:8 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CapabilityManagerFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: PublicObjectMonitorFinalize 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: Enter vCoreInitializeLock 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: WcpUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:41, Info CSI 00000007 Direct SIL provider: Number of files opened: 15. 2020-08-10 09:13:43, Info CBS Ending the TrustedInstaller main loop. 2020-08-10 09:13:43, Info CBS Starting TrustedInstaller finalization. 2020-08-10 09:13:43, Info CBS Lock: Lock removed: WinlogonNotifyLock, level: 8, total lock:6 2020-08-10 09:13:43, Info CBS Ending TrustedInstaller finalization. 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: DrupUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CfgMgr32Unload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: DpxUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: SrUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsEsdUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsTraceInfoUninitialize 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: CbsEventUnregister 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: AppContainerUnload 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS CbsCoreFinalize: WdsUnload, logging from cbscore will end. 2020-08-10 09:13:45, Info CBS Ending TiWorker finalization. 
I tried Windows Memory Diagnostic and it seemed to get to the end without errors, however the Event Viewer does not contain an event for the results (it does have the entry for when I started the scan but no results).
submitted by ZellZoy to techsupport [link] [comments]

2020.08.07 14:26 ILikeNeurons Common misconceptions about sexual consent, explained

It's important to understand sexual consent because sexual activity without consent is sexual assault. Before you flip out about how "everyone knows what consent is," that is absolutely not correct! Some (in fact, many) people are legit confused about what constitutes consent, such as this teenager who admitted he would ass-rape a girl because he learned from porn that girls like anal sex (overwhelmingly not true, in addition to being irrelevant), or this ostensibly well-meaning college kid who put his friend at STI risk after assuming she was just vying for a relationship when she said no, or this guy from the "ask a rapist thread" who couldn't understand why a sex-positive girl would not have sex with him, or this guy who seemed to think that because a woman was a submissive that meant he could dominate her, or this 'comedian' who haplessly made a public rape confession in the form of a comedy monologue, or this 'well-liked kid' who thought good girls always had to fight a little the first time. In fact, researchers have found that in acquaintance rape--one of the most common types of rape--perpetrators tend to see their behavior as seduction, not rape, or they somehow believe the rape justified.
Yet sexual assault is a tractable problem. Offenders often rationalize their behavior by whether society will let them get away with it, and the more the rest us confidently understand consent the better advocates we can be for what's right. And yes, a little knowledge can actually reduce the incidence of sexual violence.
So, without further ado, the following are common misconceptions about sexual consent:
If all of this seems obvious, ask yourself how many of these key points were missed in popular analyses of this viral news article.
submitted by ILikeNeurons to rapecounseling [link] [comments]

2020.07.31 02:03 Memodean Questions from July 30, 2020 Online Game

Round 1:
  1. According to the traditional rhyme, a bride should have: "Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue, ..." and a silver what in her shoe? a. Sixpence
  2. Traditionally, when politicians mull a run for the White House, they will start by visiting what two states most often? a. Iowa and New Hampshire
  3. Regis Philbin was the original host of what talent competition show that is still on the air currently? a. “America’s Got Talent”
  4. Of the four acting Baldwin Brothers, which one starred in the 1995 film “The Usual Suspects?” a. Stephen
  5. Though it won’t do what you might think it would based on the movies, in geology, what is the term for a mass of particulate matter supported only by circulating water? a. Quicksand
  6. Of the 19 gold medals awarded for the Olympic men's ice hockey in the 20th century, 13 of them went to two countries: the Soviet Union (or unified Soviet team), and what other country? a. Canada
  7. The 1894 movie "Carmencita" was the first to be censored. What provocative body part did the dancer Carmencita reveal that resulted in this censorship? a. Ankle
Round 2:
  1. Cattle are bovine. Sheep are ovine, but which of the following could the term "gallinaceous" apply to: chicken, goats or deer? a. Chicken (ground feeding, heavy bodied, egg-laying, game birds)
  2. Marlon Brando was nominated for an Academy Award when he played which politician in Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar?” a. Marc Antony
  3. According to legend, what breed of cat has no tail because it was shut in the door on Noah’s Ark? a. Manx
  4. The Naga Viper registers near the top of the list of what food that is measured in Scoville heat units? a. Chili peppers
  5. True or false: Madonna is an Oscar nominee. a. False (You Must Love Me won Best Song, but credited to ALW and Tim Rice)
  6. The Green Mountain Boys, led by Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen were best known for their capture of Fort Ticonderoga. From which New England state were these heroic militia men from? a. Vermont (also accept NY and NH)
  7. What did Al Moen invent after he scalded himself while washing his hands under a two-handled faucet, which sold for $12 starting in 1947? a. Single-handed faucet
MUSIC ROUND 90s Alternative (song and artist) Song Artist 1. Glycerine Bush 2. Interstate Love Song Stone Temple Pilots 3. Lightning Crashes Live 4. Wonderwall Oasis 5. Bittersweet Symphony The Verve 6. Black Hole Sun Soundgarden 7. Creep Radiohead
Round 3:
  1. There is only one element on the Periodic Table whose name is three letters long in English. What is its two-letter symbol? a. Sn (tin)
  2. The name of the cognitive test that President Trump boasted that he aced has the name of what Canadian city in its title? a. Montreal (Cognitive Assessment)
  3. Named after a character from a 1969 American Western, the Sundance independent film festival takes place annually in what Western state? a. Utah
  4. According to historical myth, King George III of England wrote "Nothing of importance happened today", in his diary on what date? a. July 4, 1776
  5. In business, “TM” means trademark and “R” means registered. What does the symbol “SM” stand for? a. “Service mark”
  6. Of 260, 1260 or 12600, on average what is the closest approximation of the number of eggs a hen can lay in one year? a. 260
  7. What was the 4-word title of the supposed fictional account of the Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman murders written by O.J. Simpson in 2007? a. “If I Did It”
submitted by Memodean to trivia [link] [comments]

2020.07.29 22:18 jaylenholt Premium themes, wordpress plugins , themeforest themes, envato elements , codecanyon download, Graphicriver, shopify MEGATHREAD #3

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2020.07.25 12:11 VashxShanks All the Major Released JRPG Translation Projects Guide! [2018 to July 2020]

Another day another guide, here is one I have always wanted to do, but didn't have time for, a translation oatch guide for the big releases that happened in the past 2 years or so for JRPGs, also know that This isn't ALL of them, just the ones I found note worthy, and there is still more but I ran out of space, but please do post anyone you think should have been here. I hope you find this helpful.

Important Notes:

  • Each title will include links to the translation group site if avilable, and/or to the romhacking project page.
  • Each title will also include links to a youtube trailer or gameplay footage.
  • The descriptions are either taken from the project pages (romhacking), the translation group website, or are written by me in case they had no description in either websites.
  • The dates are for the patch release, and Not the game's release.
  • Credits to individuals from each translation team are either in the project pages, or the translation group website.
  • I would like to thank all the people involved in these translation projects, for their hard work and love for the community.

Translation Projects Released in 2018:

Asuncia: Matsue no Jubaku - PS1 - 09 January 2018.

Asuncia: Matsue no Jubaku is a role playing game for the PlayStation.
An odd sort of RPG, with a simple storyline. Its strategic elements involve fighting your way through a series of randomly generated maps. You earn a score by protecting towns, defeating dungeons, defeating monsters in specific combinations and such. Through the Story Mode, you unlock characters and levels for the quick battle mode.

Shin Seikoku: La Wares - SNES - 14 February 2018:

In this 1995 J-Force-developed, Yukata-published RPG you get a fairly unique mix of medieval fantasy combined with mecha armour. The game is an official adaptation of popular Japanese pen and paper RPG brand Wares Blade, featuring Golems (mechs) from an ancient civilization that can only be piloted by certain people and shape the entire concept of civilization and warfare. The combat takes place in a Dragon Quest/Phantasy Star first-person viewpoint, but it's divided into classic party combat in the dungeons and Golem combat in boss fights and over-world encounters.
The game starts with a plot by a shady bunch to revive one of the eight sacred Golems and the unlikely pair of main protagonists: The young bandit Chiffon and tomboy princess Michelda. You can sample the new English translation in the prologue below. If the characters and box artwork style look familiar, you are probably a Sailor Moon fan. No, those designs are not just inspired by Kazuko Tadano, those are her actual creations! She was part of the team working in the game and these certainly translate her style very well.

MegaMan Battle Network Operate Star Force - NDS - 22 February 2018:

Rockman EXE Operate Star Force was originally released for the Nintendo DS in Japan in 2009. It never saw a statewide release. It’s generally regarded as a low-effort port of the first Battle Network, but with a Star Force crossover scenario tacked on. Despite this reputation, the game still improves the first Battle Network in many ways such as various minor text, graphic, and balance changes throughout the game. The game also includes the new multi-player Star Colo mode.

The Legend of Heroes: Trails To Azure - PSP - 28 February 2018:

Eiyuu Densetsu: Ao no Kiseki is a turn-based role playing game for the PlayStation Portable and is the fifth entry in Falcom’s Kiseki franchise and the direct sequel to Zero no Kiseki.

Importnat Note:

The translation group The Geofront, who did "Trails from Zero", are working on translating this game too, Here is a link to their website page, and I am told their releases are of higher quality than this one, in case you want to wait.

Atelier Marie+Elie: The Alchemists of Salburg-Episodes 1 & 2 - PS2 - 18 March 2018:

A remaster of the two first titles in the Gust’s Atelier series, Atelier Marie: The Alchemist of Salburg, and Atelier Elie: The Alchemist of Salburg 2, which features redrawn and improved graphics, a reworked graphical interface, and redone mini-games.
In Atelier Marie, the worst student in the Academy, Marlone, is given a final chance by her teacher Ingrid to graduate by making a special item in a span of five years. Therefore, Marie will have to adventure throughout the lands surrounding Salburg to find ingredients to synthesize items, take requests from the local bar to make money, and make friends with the adventurers that will escort her through the monster-filled lands.
In Atelier Elie, a newly-enrolled student called Elfir must overcome the fact that she entered the Academy under special conditions by proving herself as a capable alchemist in the Contest the Academy holds once a year, while also looking for clues about the person who saved her life when she was about to die from the plague. In addition to traveling around Salburg, Elfir’s journeys in search of ingredients will take her to even more distant places, with even more items to find and more people to meet.

Digimon Adventure - PSP - 23 March 2018:

Digimon Adventure is a JRPG that follows the first season of the Digimon anime. A group of kids get caught up in a freak snowstorm, and are transported to the Digital World. There they meet some strange monsters named Digimon and try to find their way back to the real world.

G.O.D.: Mezameyo to Yobu Koe ga Kikoe - SNES - 01 April 2018:

The year is 1999. A boy named Gen lives together with his mother in a small Japanese city. One day he goes to the nearby mountains and discovers an underground cave. In this cave, he encounters a strange bat-like creature guarding what appears to be a huge diamond. When Gen approaches the diamond, the floor crumbles, and all he can see is a group of aliens descending on the Earth… Gen is awakened by a man in a military uniform. He quickly gets up, and notices a calendar. The year is 2009! Ten years have passed, of which there is no recollection in Gen’s memory. The world has changed a lot during those years. Aliens have invaded the Earth, many cities are destroyed, and he finds himself amidst the members of an underground resistance movement. Now he has to travel all over the world, help the humans in their struggle, and discover the secret of the invasion.
The game is a console-style RPG with randomly encountered enemies whom you fight in turn-based combat viewed from “over-the-shoulder” perspective, similar to Phantasy Star IV. Gen and other party members develop special powers called “chakra”, which can be leveled up just like the characters themselves.

Last Bible III - SNES - 12 April 2018:

The Last Bible series of games began on the Game Boy as a spinoff of the Megami Tensei franchise. Instead of the usual near-future apocalypse setting, Last Bible’s setting is closer to light medieval fantasy. Combat is turn-based, and retains the Megaten standard of being able to persuade enemies to join your team, as well as fusing them together to create stronger beasts.

Super Robot Taisen A Portable - PSP - 19 June 2018:

The story is independent from other entries, so the game can be played regardless of whether you have played Original Generation for instance. You will however play as either Axel or Lamia, whose stories are more fleshed out here than in the GBA entries. As is the tradition in Super Robot Wars, the story branches on some occasions to invite you to multiple playthroughs.
The game features a special “evasion erosion” mechanism, and enemies with a lot of evasion. This has made fans consider this game as one of the harder entries in the Super Robot Wars series.
Other game features include (skippable) battle animations with voices, in-battle and in-dialog save options, multiple spirits casting in a single action, multiple pilots for some of the bigger mechs.
This is actually a PlayStation Portable remake of the Game Boy Advance game with the same title (without “Portable”). Some of the features mentioned above were not present on its GBA counterpart, and the graphics are obviously higher res’ and re-done.

Super Famicom Wars - SNES - 21 July 2018:

The immediate ancestor to the beloved turn-based tactics game Advance Wars, Super Famicom Wars is a turn-based military strategy game developed by Intelligent Systems, published by Nintendo and first released on May 1 1998. It can be regarded as the direct successor to the original Famicom Wars, vastly improving on the original game while retaining its core ideas. The game was made available exclusively via the Nintendo Power re-writable cartridge system, making it one of the hardest Super Famicom titles to obtain today.
During the months prior to its Nintendo Power release several teasedemo versions of Super Famicom Wars were released on the Satellaview broadcast service, each featuring one map from the full game. Super Famicom Wars have later been re-released on Wii and Wii U as part of the Virtual Console library, again exclusively in Japan.
While most fans will agree that the series made huge improvements with each consecutive game at least up until the first Advance Wars title, Super Famicom Wars does offer a few unique features and enough original flavor to make it stand out as a great game in its own right.

Aretha - SNES - 03 September 2018:

In a far away land, war was raging, as an evil ruler sent his troops to invade the castle of a mighty king. His minions stormed the castle and burnt it down. The king could not escape his fate, and the villain thought no one was spared by his wrath...
Present time. You are Ariel, a little girl who lives with her old wise grandmother in a small house near a mountain range, north to the forest. She just turned ten, and the grandmother sends her on a seemingly simple quest: to go through the forest to Nineveh, the nearby town, and to meet there a certain person. But what starts as a simple assignment soon develops into the quest for magic powers of Aretha, the ultimate battle against the evil, and the discovery of Ariel's own true identity.
The game is a console-style RPG, where Ariel and her party travel on the world map, through forests, mountain paths, and caves, occasionally visiting towns and fighting monsters in turn-based combat viewed from first-person perspective, using a variety of physical and special attacks.
Important Note: The 2nd game, Aretha 2 was also translated and released by the same group, you can find the patch in the same gourp's website.

Super Robot Wars Gaiden: The Elemental Lords - Masoukishin - SNES - 04 September 2018:

Super Robot Wars Gaiden follows the original story of Masaki Andoh, herald of the Elemental Lord Cybuster, both before and after events of the original Super Robot Wars canon (SRW 2, 3, EX, 4.) It is the first Super Robot War to only contain original characters and plots, the first (and one of the few) to have its robots represented in a realistic, non-SD style, the first to be isometric. It and its followups are the only SRWs to feature directional and height modifiers to damage and accuracy calculations. Due to its nature as an original story, and due to it taking place at the very beginning of Masaki’s timeline, it serves as an excellent entry point into the Super Robot Wars series.

Laplace no Ma - SNES - 06 September 2018:

Laplace’s Demon is a horror RPG with a Lovecraftian bent. Set in the fictional town of Newcam, Massachusetts in 1924, the player and several paranormal investigators look into some disturbing rumors surrounding a mansion on the outskirts of town.

Tenshi no Uta: Shiroki Tsubasa no Inori - SNES - 14 October 2018:

Song of the Angel was a game released in 1994 by Telnet Japan and had many of the developers who would eventually form the famous ‘Wolf Team’ that brought us Tales of Phantasia and Star Ocean! Many musical tracks were also done by the same composer too. Play the game, and the music and atmosphere will be very familiar to fans of the aforementioned games. Even though the game is rather obscure, its developers certainly are not!
The gameplay is the typical 1994 RPG battle engine, with a few additions. The most notable addition is the Parley system. This system allows you to parley with monsters using several languages in order to befriend or negotiate outcomes. Options include gaining gold, purchasing special items, gaining experience, raising friendship points, and more! There are day/night cycles that effect dialog as well as changing wares in certain shops. You will walk, teleport, sail on a boat, and fly on an ancient ark by the time your adventure concludes.
Tenshi No Uta is a love story at its core. A young man named Rayard meets a traveling circus performer and songstress named Callana. They fall in love early, but part ways due to Callana’s traveling lifestyle. After many days of misery, Rayard pulls himself together and sets out to tell Callana how he really feels. Thus, the real journey begins! This game has angels, demons, and even Satan himself! The story and writing are the stand-outs of this game. If you appreciate substance over style, you’ll enjoy this game for its charming core!

7th Dragon 2020-II - PSP - 22 October 2018:

7th Dragon 2020-II is a direct sequel to 7th Dragon 2020. Producer Rieko Kodama (Phantasy Star, Skies of Arcadia), composer Yuzo Kushiro (Streets of Rage, Etrian Odyssey) and character designer Shirow Miwa (Dogs, Kiznaiver) return, as does Hatsune Miku herself.
It is essentially a dungeon crawler in a world control by dragons, but of course it adds it's own twist to the formula. You get to create your own party members (gendeclass/ect...).

Shin Megami Tensei if... - SNES - 25 October 2018:

The third primary SNES Shin Megami Tensei title, if... is a bit of an odd duck. Gone are the sweeping stories of biblical conflict, gone are the branching stories based on your choices and alignment, though your alignment is still present. Instead, if tells the story of a disturbed teenager who makes a deal with a demon, and in doing so drags his school, his classmates, and his teachers into the Abyss, where they are subjected to various tortures modeled after the seven deadly sins. Instead of having path splits based on alignment, individual changes to your story are determined by which of four partners you recruit at the very beginning of the game, one of whom is only available on subsequent playthroughs. The more character-oriented plot and the high school setting almost makes this feel more like a Persona game (or a Devil Summoner game, if you discount the high school bits) than a mainstream SMT.
In fact, there are distinct parallels that can be drawn between if and the Persona games, especially the first one. The plots are somewhat similar, for one - the final dungeons in both games are essentially the creations of one of the main characters´ psyches. The female version of if...´s main character is canonically Tamaki Uchida, who shows up in Persona 1 as a student and in Persona 2 as a Devil Summoner employed by the Kuzunoha Detective Agency. And whenever the protagonist or partner characters die, they acquire a new "Guardian," a demon whose darkened image sits behind their portrait and that grants them spells and stat bonuses... sound familiar? Unlike personas however, Guardians cannot be freely swapped or fused; a character unfortunately needs to be killed in battle in order to receive a new Guardian.

Majin Tensei II: Spiral Nemesis - SNES - 09 December 2018:

The 2nd game in the series, and it's like the first one, but just with more everything, and more focus on the story this time around, as for the story, will demons invade and you know the drill.
Of course just as the first game, this is a Fire Emblem like turn-based game, think Devil Survivor, but years before it, so its not far fetched to see this is the original Devil survivor game.

Ni no Kuni: Shikkoku no Madoushi - NDS - 09 December 2018:

The Original Ni Nu Kuni that came before the PS3 version, and while it ends earlier then where the PS3 version ends, it still has exclusive content to compensate, it has a unique turn-based battle system, a magic system that uses the styles and needs you to read through the magic book that was given with the game. The book was also translated of course.

.hack//LINK - PSP - 15 December 2018:

.hack//Link's story starts in a new version of “The World,” a popular series of MMORPGs known as The World: RX, and essntially it's a kind of a crossovefan-service action game rpg for all the different .hack games, you'll meet and join all the famouse and well known characters from the games in the series.

Translation Projects Released in 2019:

Linkle Liver Story - Sega Saturn - 02 January 2019:

This is an action RPG, though it's light on the RPG part, the gampelay is similar to Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, but with some really good looking and smooth animations.

Medarot R - PS1 - 23 May 2019:

Medarot R is an RPG starring the characters of the Medabots franchise.
The battles take place on a separate field and they are turn-based. Each Medabot has separate health bars for the legs, arms and the head. Defeating a medabot is done by destroying the head part and each body part can have its own attack that players can use until the part has been destroyed. Up to 3 Medabots can take part in combat and some attacks have a limited ammo.
While sharing the characters from the Anime series, the story is loosely based on it and the story of the second Game Boy game. The game starts with Ikki waking up on his birthday to find a Medabot in his room - a present from his parents. Without a medal though, the Medabot is useless. After witnessing a customer at the store trying to sell his Medabot to the storekeeper, Ikki is engaged in a battle with the customer and receives a medal from the Phantom Renegade so he could confront the pesky salesman.
Players will gain experience to level up their medals, as well as win new parts for their Medabots after winning battles. Players can also spend money on parts if they want to.
A unique feature of the game is the Weather Forecast which is given by a Medabot and which offers hints on what would happen during the day. (Description taken from the Moby Games page)

Fire Emblem: Thracia 776- SNES - 31 May 2019:

It's The last Fire Emblem game to be made by the series original creator Shouzou Kaga, if you haven't played a Shouzou Kaga Fire Emblem game then you are missing out on what made the series so good to begin with, number wise it's the 5th FE game. It takes place between chapter 5 and 8 of Fire Emblem: Genealogy of the Holy War, and it attempts to improve on it while changing and adding new feature that since have become a stable of the series, also fun fact, Genealogy of the Holy War is considered by most fans to be one of the best FE games ever made.
While it doesn't have the gigantic maps that FE: Genealogy of the Holy War had with it's multi-castle capturing objectives, they are still big by today's standards and they traded in the extra size for more intricate map designs. It's the First FE game to have the Rescue system, which one unit basically takes another unit and drags it with it, it's used to take out units that are in danger of dying out of combat, and to protect weaker units.
The First FE game to have the Capture system. First FE game to have Fog of War, increasing the difficulty even further because you never know what's ahead of you while moving, and can run into enemies at any time.
First FE game to have the Fatigue system. The First FE game to have Gaiden Chapters, which are Extra chapters that are unlocked by meeting specific requirements in the previous chapter, where the player can get a new item or characters, and learn more about the story. The First FE game to have Escape chapters, which are chapters where you have to run away while while fighting unlimited amounts of enemy reinforcements, also your units can be captured in these chapters, and if they were, they can still be rescued in the Gaiden Chapters. First FE game to have Weapon Ranks along with Genealogy of the Holy War , but it is the first game where you are be able to increase the ranks by gaining weapon experience.
Finally, this is a challenging game, if you are used to the current FE style, then don't go into this expecting the same hand holding you get in the current FE games, seriously this game is considered to be one of, if not, the hardest game in all of the FE series.

Majin Tensei - SNES - 09 August 2019:

The first ever spin-off for the SMT series, and the 2nd SMT game ever (after Shin Megami Tensei) to be developed by Atuls.
With a story that follows closely the Manga by the same name, it's actually a Strategy turn-based game, similar to the Devil Survivor series, but with gameplay closer to Fire Emblem.
The story has multiple Endings, and while it might not as heavy on story as others in the series, it makes it for it with gameplay. But either way, if you're a fan of the series, this isn't one you want to miss.

Super Robot Wars OG Saga: Endless Frontier EXCEED - NDS - 13 October 2019:

The SRWOG Saga: Endless Frontier series, is a JRPG spinoff of the famous SRW series made for the DS, by Banpresto and co-developed Monolith Soft (Xenoblade/Xenosaga), but with a completely different combat system and universe.
To put it simply, if you ever played Namco X Capcom or Project x Zone, then you'll immediately be familiar with the concept of this game, to put it simply, it's a crossover game with characters from different games are teleported into the world of the Endless Frontier, a world that is already made out of a combination of multiple worlds connected via Gates. Of course this is a very bare idea of the games world, but it's enough for you to get the idea. Though the amount of game series that are in this crossover world are only 3 (excluding the Endless Frontier), SRW OG, Xenosaga, and Namco X Capcom.
The game's combat system is a mix of traditional turned based combat and a very well done Combo juggling System, probably the best version of this combat system right now, it's tweaked and balanced to maximize the fun value of the system, and just when you thought it couldn't get any better, BAM! comes SRWOG Saga: Endless Frontier Exceed to blow you away, sadly only the first one was offically released in English, but here comes Artema Translations to save the day, enjoy.

Hero Senki: Project Olympus - SNES - 24 December 2019:

Hero Senki is a crossover RPG. It is similar in style to Super Robot Wars but features tokusatsu characters such as Kamen Rider and Ultraman alongside Gundam characters. It is also the first appearance of Gilliam Jaeger, a dimension-hopping traveler who goes on to appear in several Super Robot War titles.

Mega Man Battle Network 4.5: Real Operation - GBA - 28 November 2019:

An outlier in the series, lacking the traditional story and battle system that players had come to expect. The game places you in the role of the operator; instead of controlling just MegaMan, you can choose from over 20 different NetNavis to play. In battle, you don’t control your Navi directly, but they move on their own, and you are restricted to sending them commands and BattleChips. The game featured a Real-Time Clock, and its slimmed-down single player campaign revolved around an Internet that changes in real-time, even while the game is shut off.

Sakura Wars - Sega Saturn - 18 December 2019:

Sakura Wars is a Tactical Mecha JRPG, but this one is more of a dating-sim/JRPG hybrid, while it does have mecha combat, the focus of the game is split between playing through a VN/dating-sim like gameplay where you make choices and decisions that will affect your relationships with the rest of the female cast of your party, while the other half of the game is a really satisfying ass kicking mecha action, and this game doesn't hold back because you can use killing moves galore, the whole combat is really flashy and a treat to watch.
The game also doesn't keep those two halves separate from each other, because both will affect the other, especially how the main character (you) behave during the VN/dating-sim part of the game, every choices you make, of which there will be a lot of, because this game is all about having you make choices and give a reactions to whatever happens to you or infront of you, and this is done by the series famous and classic system called LIPS, or Live & Interactive Picture System, and the choices you make will not only change the relations between you and the rest of the female cast, but will also change the relations they have between each other, and that will reflected on the battlefield.

Translation Projects Released in 2020:

Earth Seeker - Wii - 06 January 2020:

Stranded on a foreign planet is the least of your concerns in Earth Seeker, that place is full of monsters. Stop time in the real time battles to combo them. There are no complicated sequence of inputs, this easy to master system will appeal to players who are unaccustomed to action games or turn based battles.
Besides stopping time, players can recruit allies into their team. The inhabitants of the planet Guardians each master their element. With a bit of alcohol in your possession, you can have them fight for you. Come explore this dangerous and colorful world.(Description taken from the dolphine wiki)

Brave Prove - PS1 - 01 February 2020:

Brave Prove is an action-RPG in a similar vein as the ThoOasis series where you gather Elementals in your quest and save the world. It also features a combo system that is somewhat unique and more reminiscent of a fighting game or beat ‘em up. Give it a try, you might be surprised at how good it is.

Tear Ring Saga Series: Berwick Saga - PS2 - 19 February 2020:

Berwick Saga is a game made under the auspices of Shōzō Kaga, the man who created Fire Emblem. He left Intelligent Systems quite unceremoniously at the turn of the century and went on to found his own development studio, Tirnanog. Tirnanog only developed two games before it was acquired by Enterbrain, and they are collectively called the TearRing Saga Series. Because the games were made by Kaga and are extremely similar to FE, they are usually included among FE fansites as honorary titles. (taken from this post)

Trails from Zero - PC - 15 March 2020:

Time wise, this story happens right after Trails in the Sky, and at the same time as the Erebonian arc from Trails of Cold Steel. For the most part the game uses the same combat system, with some new additions.

Metal Max 3 - NDS - 23 June 2020:

Metal Max 3 is a nonlinear post-apocalyptic role playing game for the Nintendo DS, where you can fight inside vehicles as well as on foot. The game was released in Japan only. Think Fallout but crazier.
Finally as always please drop a thank you to people who worked on these patch, here or on their websites, it takes years of hard work, doing hacking, programming, translating, editing, and testing to bring these patches to the JRPG community, and all of it is done for free, so if you're going to use it, or hell, even if you won't, a thank you wouldn't cost you anything.
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2020.07.25 09:31 mygt_nskoil Techno Power моторное масло, Techno Power трансмиссионное масло (Техно п...

Friends, hello everyone. We continue our series of videos about Japanese and pseudo-Japanese oils. Today we have the Techno Power brand next in line. Who is doing? Where do they do it? Japan or not? My name is Anton Voronkov and you are on the MYGTAUTO channel. Frankly, I didn't know from Techno Power before. I was asked to know about him by my subscribers. So: About company: Techno Power is owned by a Japanese company - Empire (https://www.empire.co.jp/) This is a typical Japanese wholesale structure - a trading house. Quite old, dates back to 1913 - it was once called Oasis and was engaged in spare parts for Ford cars, in 1939 it was renamed Empire Motor Co., Ltd. and with this name continues to function to this day. It does not have its own production facilities. He orders absolutely all products under his own brands from third-party manufacturers both domestically and abroad. ... About Techno Power oil: Let's get back to our oil. As you understand, motor and transmission oils for the Empire trading house are not the main product. I talked with people who are directly related to the Techno Power brand, in particular with Mikhail, who is responsible for brand development in Russia. By the way, Misha thank you very much for the information provided. He helped me with TDS and SDS on products. I also learned a thing or two about this brand about people who work in Japan itself, so I believe that I have collected the information objectively.
Related links: Empire website: http://www.empire.co.jp/export/technopowemotor-oil/ Japanese blog that mentions Techno Power https://minkara.carview.co.jp/search/?q=empire+motor+techno+power Same blog: https://nafco-online.com/products/detail.php?product_id=20217754 https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/2769841/ca2362761/9152329/parts.aspx More Japanese shops https://kakaku.com/item/S0000849126/

TechnoPower oil # TechnoPowerbuy # TechnoPowersite

In general, the Techno Power brand is in Japan and has been sold there for a long time. When I visited Japanese shops and the service station, I did not run into it, but this is not strange either. it is not very common and also not very popular among the Japanese. Among the big three largest car networks hypermarkets AUTOBAСS, YELLOW HAT and UP Garage - the Techno Power brand appeared only in UP Garage - here is the link: https://www.upgarage.com/service/ja/stock?msidx=1&keyword=techno%20power Techno Power is a very inexpensive brand for Japan - here are the links with price examples: https://nafco-online.com/products/detail.php?product_id=20217754 https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/517398/ca755607/4093356/parts.aspx https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/761733/ca1900850/8171350/parts.aspx https://www.bestjapan.ru/auction/item_w401758440.html at auction 5w30 20 approximately 6000 More Japanese shops It is one of the most inexpensive inside Japanese brands. At the level of cheap oils like Scoop or Vintage, which are produced by AUTOBACS order. The Techno Power brand comes to Russia through the Ussuriysk company Little Japan, which is its importer.
Factories (where and who does): Now about the most important thing. Which factories directly produce the Techno Power brand. These are the three main structures that are well known to us from the previous videos: Casmo, Idemitsu and Shin Nihon Sekiyu Kabushiki are one of the divisions of JXTG NIPPON. Idemitsu makes ATF and CVT transmission, Cosmo makes DH, etc. I will not dwell on what kind of product which plant makes. If anyone is interested, I can throw off the SDS.
In Russia, the Techno Power brand is very difficult to buy. I managed to do it through EMEX - which I try to never get involved with at all. Now we are working on introducing this brand into our range. If we come to a consensus on the pricing policy and the condition with the importer, then by the end of the year he will be on sale with us. The brand, although not premium, is really Japanese, and this is now a rarity.
Anticipating questions like, - Why is it so cheap if it makes Idemitsu, Cosmo and JX? Yes, because these manufacturers can make a product of any price level - from super economy to premium. In addition, the trading houses themselves regulate the pricing policy of their brands, and the final price of a product with the same parameters directly depends on the greed of the person who sells it.
That's all. Hope you found this video helpful. Anton Voronkov was with you. Our phone 8800 550 5722 Free for everyone in Russia. Anton_MYGT 2020


Subscribe to our channel, like, click on the bell so as not to miss the latest videos. And support our new channel with a subscription, where we post short one-minute videos with descriptions and characteristics of original Japanese, European, Korean and American oils. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMKlx54VGdiANc5ywRSn9JA
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2020.07.19 21:26 Osirisoid This Week in MMO's - Week 29 2020

ATTENTION: This is a new type of content that we’ve created for the MMORPG community, let us know if you think we should make this a regular thing. Also if you’d like there’s a feedback form at the bottom of this post, should you like to provide more detailed feedback.

AdventureQuest World
July 17th
Return to Doomwood This Weekend
Doomwood 3 is now available this weekend
Coming next week:
Monday: 48 hour Class Points boost
Tuesday: rare 0 AC pet drop
Wednesday: 72 hour Reputation boost
Thursday: new weapon drops
Friday: 72 hour farming resource buff
Saturday: 48 hour Gold boost
Sunday: new helm drops
Bido’s Birthday Bash is Back!
July 17th
DoomWood III: Legacy of Darkness
DoomWood is back with its third installment, you’ll be able to access it by clicking the button in your home town to go there.
This latest installment requires no knowledge of the previous two, with all new characters and a special guest character from another game.
Aion North America
July 14th
Fields of Fame Event
The event will continue through August 19th
July 15th
Changes to Paragon Equipment
There is a new way to upgrade Paragon equipment without fear of breaking the equipment
Albion Online
July 16th
Dev Talk: Roads of Avalon, Part 2
Part two of the preview for the Roads of Avalon system that will be available in the next update.
July 17th
In-Game Anniversary Events and Fame Boosts
July 17th
Happy Third Anniversary, Albion Online!
It's been three years since Albion's official launch on July 17, 2017, the post is a massive retrospective on the year, the gist of it is as follows
July 15th
ArcheAge: Unchained : Refer-A-Legend Program
Invite your friends to play ArcheAge and get rewards, full detail in link.
This program ends on August 17th,
July 15th
To the Gate and Beyond – Community Voting Has Begun!
Beginning July 14th, vote for your favorite entry for the video music contest.
July 16th
Become A Traveling Merchant!
July 17th
ArcheAge: Unchained: The Daru’s Special Costume Offer: #1 is still available!
Daru ‘s Special Costume Offer: #1 – 799 Credits
The costume pack, containing three costumes is still available.
Ashes of Creation
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Black Desert Online
July 14th
[Maintenance] Regular Maintenance July 15th 2020
Dear Players,
We will perform our weekly maintenance as follows:
Date: Wednesday, 15.07.2020
Duration 4 hours - 8:00 UTC till 12:00 UTC
Ending Events
– Event 2: Cool Time
July 15th
Patch Notes - 15th July 2020
Too long to list here, view full notes with link above.
July 15th
Pearl Shop Update: Summer Sale!
Cash shop update
Blade & Soul
July 13th
2020 Cosmetic Design Contest – Winners Revealed
Check out the winners of the outfit and weapon design contest, as well as the runners up in the link above.
July 15th
Blade & Soul: Dark Passage Arrives July 22
New 12-player raid Silversteel Laboratory
Recommended for Level 60 HM 16 or higher
Limited time content - Nyarka added - open PvP zone.
Two new events will be part of the update
Weapon Enchantment System
July 17th
Blade & Soul: Dark Passage Events Preview
Event 1; Koldrak Fever
Event 2; Summer of Splendor
Visit the link above to see the full reward list for these events.
July 17th
Blade & Soul: Dark Passage – Items and Systems Preview
The Dark Passage update will launch on July 22nd. Below are the notable changes coming with this update.
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Destiny 2
July 14th
July 16th
The release of Destiny 2: Beyond Light has been moved to November 10th.
July 16th
Dungeon Fighter Online
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Elder Scrolls Online
July 14th
Linked above is a lore-dump/teaser for upcoming Stonethorn DLC content.
July 15th
The Summerset Celebration begins Thursday, July 23 at 10:00AM EDT and continues until Tuesday, August 4, at 10:00AM EDT.
July 16th
From now until July 30th, grab a free bundle from in the in-game Crown Store.
It includes in the following items:
EVE Online
July 14th
EVE online’s third Quadrant, called Zenith has arrived.
July 14th
New addition to the cash shop, limited to one per account.
The pack includes:
July 14th
UPDATE: This stream has concluded. You can view the Twitch VOD here
July 16th
July 16th
EVE Online’s second album, EVE Online: Empire Space II has been added to Spotify
July 17th
Watch some awesome 2v2 PvP Fights.
On Saturday, July 18 from 19:00 to 21:00 UTC/EVE time the streamer + dev teams will be running the Proving Filaments on Tranquility in their best* T1 cruiser fits, streaming the action live and looking for fights!
Check out the confirmed teams and where to watch them in the link above.
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Final Fantasy XI
July 14th
FINAL FANTASY XI Updated (Jul. 14)
[Update Details]
The following issue was addressed in the English version of the game.
Final Fantasy XIV
July 14th
Companion App Updated (Jul. 13)
[Update Details]
Added the following function(s):
"Remove from Chat Group" can be selected after long tapping the character name from the member list,
July 14th
Ceremony of Eternal Bonding Reservation Restrictions
Maintenance may cause your reserved Ceremony of Eternal Bonding to not be held, requiring a reservation for another date.
We ask that you please consider the information below before making your Ceremony of Eternal Bonding reservation.
[Possible Maintenance]
・Sometime between Jul. 13, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 14, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 14, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 15, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 15, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 16, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 20, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 21, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 21, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 22, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 22, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 23, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 27, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 28, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 28, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 29, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
・Sometime between Jul. 29, 2020 9:00 p.m. and Jul. 30, 2020 4:00 a.m. (PDT)
July 16th
Actions Taken Against In-Game RMT & Other Illicit Activities (Jul. 16)
Real money trading (RMT) and other illicit activities upset the balance of the game and, as such, are prohibited under the Terms of Service.
Because we have confirmed the existence of players who are engaging in these illicit activities, we have taken the actions listed below.
Time Period: Jul. 9, 2020 to Jul. 15, 2020
・Participation in RMT/prohibited activities
・Accounts terminated: 3,878
・Accounts temporarily suspended: 21
・Botting activity (excluding RMT vendors)
・Accounts terminated: 9
・Accounts temporarily suspended: 14
*Botting activity by RMT vendors has been included under "Participation in RMT/prohibited activities."
・RMT advertising
・Accounts terminated: 791
Gloria Victis
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Guild Wars 2
July 13th
The ArenaNet Streaming Schedule for the Week of July 13
We’ve partnered up with players to showcase their creative Guild Wars 2-inspired content on the official Guild Wars 2 Twitch channel: https://skip.gg/2nLB3
Wednesday, July 15th
The Guild Wars 2 Art Show (by Fiaoradd)(English)
Noon Pacific Time (UTC-7)
Watch ArenaNet Creative Partner Fiaoradd create art on this week’s show. https://skip.gg/anJ9T
July 14th
Watch the Trailer for “Jormag Rising”
The fourth episode of The Icebrood Saga arrives on July 28. Watch the trailer below and visit the release page for all the details.
July 14th
Excelsior! Behold the Synergetics Gyrocycle Roller Beetle Skin
Cash shop update
July 16th
Guild Chat: Working at Home
What’s it like when a whole game studio works from home? We’re learning every day! Join host Rubi Bayer and her developer guests—remotely—for an inside look at how ArenaNet is adapting to safety precautions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Watch the replay here: https://skip.gg/dyrhU
July 15th
Cash Shop Update for July 15
July 17th
Burning World Event
Burning World is back, in these special servers all players have access to the Burning Skill which gives the following bonuses:
Additionally, you can create three mega burning characters on this world who will receive 2 bonus levels from level 10 to 150.
At the close of the server, you will be able to transfer up to six characters to a permanent server.
July 17th
Check Out the July 17th Art Corner!
Use the link above to see some fanart from Maplestory players.
No updates from July 12th onwards.
July 15th
2x Dread Ring Currency!
This coming week, every time you would earn Dread Ring Currency, you’ll now receive twice the amount, making it much easier to complete the campaign!
July 16th
VIP Only - 50% off Refinement Pack and Coal Ward!
Get the VIP treatment with a special sale available exclusively to VIP members Rank 3 and up! For the next week, these VIP members can get 50% off 1 Refinement Pack and 1 Coal Ward!
July 16th
20% off VIP!
Are you looking to extend your VIP benefits or increase your rank? Lord Neverember has you covered!
Pantheon: Rise of the Fallen
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Phantasy Star Online 2
July 14th
From July 15th till September 8th
By purchasing SG Scratch Tickets you have a chance to obtain special items, including Outfits, Accessories, and Enhancement Items! Check the list below to learn what can be obtained by drawing a ticket from the Fallen Heroes collection!
See the rewards using the link above.
July 15th
From July 15th to August 4th, operatives who complete the specified amount of Urgent Quests will receive either an SG 20 TICKET or an AC SCRATCH TICKET! Furthermore, for those who go the extra mile in shoring up our defenses on Lillipa by completing the Urgent Quest Mining Base Def. Op.: Despair the specified number of times on either Super Hard or Extra Hard difficulty with an S Rank, additional SG 20 Tickets and the Emote 224: “We Did It!” can be won!
Get the full details in the link above
July 15th
Log in between July 15th and July 21st, and you’ll receive an SG 10 TICKET!
Log in at least 5 times during this period, and you’ll get a bonus of 3 SG 10 Tickets! This means you could be sitting pretty on a free 100 Star Gems over the course of this campaign!
July 15th
Sometimes, it’s the little things. That extra Premium Storage, access to improved Personal Quarters, persistent access to managing your own Player Shop, a MISSION PASS GOLD TICKET; all of these things can be yours with the purchase of a PREMIUM SET! There’s also a few extra little things ARKS HQ will be including if the purchase is made between July 15th and August 18th! With the purchase of a Premium Set (30 Days) you’ll receive Half Scape Dolls, Rare Item Drop Rate +50%, and some Triboost +50%. Purchasing a Premium Set (90 Days) will net you all of the above, and Emote 231: Bang Bang!
Realm of the Mad God
July 15th
Patch Notes, ST Drops Locations, new OSTs and more!
Too long to list here, view the link above for details.
July 13th
This Week In RuneScape (13/07/20)
Too long to list here, view the link above for details.
July 15th
A brand new quest called Desperate Measures is nearly here! This is a follow-up to 2019's Desperate Times and will be rolling out on Monday July 27th:
Executive Producer Mod Warden outlined the recent challenges for the team in the current develop-from-home world. COVID has to an extent reduced production capacity.
In order to address this, the team has switched to a new development model:
Upcoming Content
During the livestream, the developers shed some light on some of the new additions heading to RuneScape in the coming months:
July 15th
Desperate Measures - The Story So Far
Desperate Measures is the next quest in the Elder Gods storyline, and you can play it in-game on July 27th.
To start Desperate Measures, you’ll need the following:
Additional lore in the link above.
July 17th
Double XP LIVE - Returning Soon!
Between August 7th 12:00 game time and August 17th 12:00 game time, players will once again be able to enjoy a whopping 48 hours of double XP gain.
July 15th
Promotion: Ocean of Gloom
Adepts may bring ominous seeds from their journeys. 300 seeds can be exchanged for one random dark version of a legendary relic. These relics are special: while they grant bonuses, they also weaken one of the adept's stats. Once you have all the relics, you can exchange the seeds for Victor’s Medals. When the event ends, the remaining seeds will be automatically converted to Victor's Medals.
The event runs July 15 to July 29. To take part in the Ocean of Gloom event, open the special interface which you can access by pressing the 9 key.
Unique Rewards
Legendary Relics
Check out the full stats and event details in the link above.
July 16th
Save up to 50% in the Mega Market Sale - July 16, 2020
Push your Immortal coffers to their limits with huge discounts on Knowledge of Enemies, Stimulants, and Credits! With up to 50% off selected items for a limited time only.
July 17th
Get your King’s Ransom - July 17, 2020
Another game of King’s Ransom is starting. Participate, earn rewards, and try for the Triumph grand prize. Don’t forget to visit the traveling merchant!
Read the full event details in the link above.
Star Trek Online
July 15th
PC Patch Notes for 7/16/20
July 15th
Double XP Weekend!
We’ve doubled our efforts to give Captains the necessary experience to deal with threats to the Galaxy! From Thursday, July 16th at 8AM PT (17:00 CEST), to Monday, July 20th at 10AM PT (19:00 CEST), players will be able to enjoy twice the experience!
During the event, content that provides skill points and expertise will reward a 100% (2x) Bonus above normal amounts – this bonus will be available for all content that rewards skill points and expertise.
July 17th Infinity Packs Return! https://skip.gg/keEq2
From July 17th at 12pm PT (21:00 CEST) to July 19th at 12pm PT (21:00 CEST), we are running a promotion that will provide an additional bonus when opening a Research and Development Pack or a Duty Officer Pack – and from July 17th at 12pm PT (21:00 CEST) to July 19th at 12pm PT (21:00 CEST), all of these packs will be 30% off!
When you purchase a Research and Development Pack or a Duty Officer Pack from the C-Store during this promotion and open it, you will receive either 10 Lobi Crystals or a Special Requisition Choice Pack - Tier 6 Promotional Ship Choice Pack in addition to the Research and Development Pack.
Opening this Special Requisition Choice Pack - Tier 6 Promotional Ship Choice Pack will give the recipient a choice of any Tier 6 ship found in any previous Research & Development or Duty Officer Promotional Pack.
Star Wars: The Old Republic
No updates from July 12th onwards.
Star Citizen
July 13th
This Week in Star Citizen
July 15th
Portfolio: Greycat Industrial
Giant lore dump - read at your own discretion
July 17th
Roadmap Roundup - July 17th 2020
Notable Changes
Images have been updated for the following cards:
Star Citizen Live: Beast Armors
See the full video here: https://skip.gg/xkkEn
Tera: The Exiled Realm of Arborea
No updates from July 12th onwards.
The Lord of the Rings Online
July 17th
The LOTRO Beacon: Issue 168
Several events are described in the post, read about them in the link above.
July 13th
Summer Update 2020
https://skip.gg/okavH (unable to link directly)
Tree of Savior
July 13th
Leticia's Secret Cube: July 14
Leticia’s Secret Cube has been updated, check out the rewards in the link above.
July 13th
List of Issues: July 13, 2020
Long list of issues outlined in the link above.
July 15th
Like & Comment Event: Keep Calm and Gear Up!
How to Participate
July 14th
Sunfest Savings in the PC Web Store
Sunfest Credit Savings – PC only
15% credit bonus for Patrons
10% credit bonus for non-Patrons
There’s something for everyone on PC, but don’t delay since the sale ends on Tuesday, July 21 at 4:00am PT / 11:00 UTC.
No updates from July 12th onwards.
July 13th
To better support the work of our talented community, today marks the beginning of the brand-new Warframe Creator Program!
From Captura to Podcasts to everything in between, the goal of the Creator Program is to support and elevate the depth and varied work from our Creators, while providing tools and resources along the way. If you’re a Creator looking for a little help with your content creation, this program might be the fit for you!
The new Warframe Creator Program supports:
July 15th
Slap on some sunscreen, grab your Soaktron, and hurry to the beach arena, Tenno.
With your ultra-powered Soaktron, enter the beach arena and win this splashdown before July 27 at 11 a.m. ET to earn a wave of rewards:
Mission 1: 50,000 Credits and Redeemer Abysso Skin
Mission 2: 50,000 Credits and Hydroid's Relay Scene
Mission 3: 50,000 Credits and Hydroid Reprise Noggle
Mission 4: Orokin Reactor and Stratos Emblem
In the arena, there are no Mods, no Pets, no Abilities — just an equal engagement between you and your opponents. The team with the most soaks before the timer runs out wins. Run out of water? Reload your Soaktron at the water fountains shooting throughout the arena.
During your water wars, you’ll earn currency that can be exchanged at Nakak in Cetus for extra rewards, including Floofs, Captura Scenes and more! Nakak's Dog Days reward prices have been reduced by 30%, so put those Pearls to good use!
World of Warcraft
July 14th
Weekly Bonus Event: Mists of Pandaria Timewalking
Players level 91 and over will be able to venture into six of Mists of Pandaria’s storied dungeons to reap new rewards all week during this Bonus Event. Simply open the Group Finder (default hotkey: “I”) and then select Dungeon Finder and Timewalking in the “Type” dropdown menu. Selecting “Find Group” will match you with other players and send you to one of the following Heroic Dungeons.
You’ll also be able to visit a new Timewalking vendor located on the Timeless Isle. Mistweaver Xia is waiting to take your hard-earned Timewarped Badges in exchange for some tempting rewards:
July 14th
Shadows Rising Now Available
An all-new official prequel novel to the upcoming Shadowlands expansion penned by New York Times bestselling author Madeleine Roux, Shadows Rising is the next epic tale in our novel series. Shadows Rising is available to purchase on Penguin Random House now. - https://skip.gg/YUkYk July 18th Hotfixes: July 17, 2020 https://skip.gg/uq0tC
Check the link above for a long list of hotfixes.
Weekly News Feedback Form: https://skip.gg/opip9
submitted by Osirisoid to MMORPG [link] [comments]

2020.07.14 20:56 famoushippopotamus Places of Power - The Druid's Grove (Part 1)

"The harmony that holds the stars on their courses and the flesh on our bones resonates through all creation. Every sound contains its echo. Before there was humankind, or even forest, there was sound. Sound spread from the source in great circles like those formed when a stone is dropped in a pool. We follow waves of sound from life to life. A dying man’s ears will hear long after his eyes are blind. He hears the sound that leads him to his next life as the Source of All being plucks the harp of creation.”
The druid's grove is an ubiquitous image. A serene location, usually woodland, an open, but hidden meadow, ringed with trees and maybe a stone altar dominating the center. Classical, if a bit dull. What happens here besides festivals for the turning of the seasons and the occasional sacrifice? It is the aim of this post to bring some new and fresh ideas as well as providing some tools for you to create your own groves with some more interesting features.

Worldbuilding Considerations

The grove is the center of life for any humanoids in the area, beyond their homes and workplaces. The Druids, while feared, are seen as the wisest and the most honest, and are often called to officiate on disputes, discuss the meanings of portents, dreams and visions, preside over criminal trials, tend to sick livestock and children, discuss agricultural strategies, and any number of things related to humanoids living in the wilderness.
Some groves will have a lot of contact with the locals, and some won't have much at all. Its up to you to decide how "social" your grove's Druids are, and try to build some history into the area before the players arrive. Has their been any strife between the locals and the grove? How are the current relations? Interesting dynamics can be created if you try to sketch out a short timeline of prior events. You could even draw up some small random tables to generate the events between the two factions!

Druid Orders & Circles

The Order

The Druidic order--often simply called the Order--can be thought of as a federation of regional priesthoods that form a loosely organized worldwide faith, all of whose members worship Nature and follow a similar ethical philosophy. Druids divide up their world into regions, here called domains. A domain is a well-defined geographic area bounded by mountain ranges, rivers, seas, or deserts-- druids normally divide a good-sized continent into three or four domains. Druidic regions do not rely on national borders, or on racial or ethnic groups; a domain can encompass several countries, races, and peoples.
NOTE: You can obviously call this whatever you like. In my world of Drexlor, the Druidic order is called the Canathane, and has a regional name of the Quluthane in the desert lands of Ashaaria.

The Circles

All druids dwelling within the bounds of a domain are organized into a Circle. Circles typically are named for the geographic area their domain occupies, but sometimes they bear other names, harking back to their founders or the gods the druids worship (if they worship deities rather than Nature itself). For instance, druids might have formed "The Dragon Isles Circle" or "The Circle of Danu." The members of a Circle hold themselves responsible for the well-being of the wilderness and the continuation of the orderly cycles of Nature within their domain. This doesn't mean a cCrcle remains unconcerned about what occurs in other domains-- forming circles is just the druidic order's way of recognizing that those druids who live in a particular region can best serve to protect it, and should therefore hold formal responsibility for the domain.
Some Circles operate within a very loose structure. They use no large temples or abbeys, for rarely do more than a few druids live together. When they do, their dwelling places are usually less than ostentatious: small cottages or huts of the style of local hunters or farmers.
Some, however, congregate in numbers to cover a larger region, protect something under threat, or perhaps to establish a presence in a new part of the Wilderness. This post will deal with this version.
All druids within the Circle acknowledge a single Great Druid as their leader and recognize this figure's moral authority. The Great Druid gives the Circle's members great freedom compared to most other religious leaders. The druids adhere to a rather informal hierarchical structure and require their initiates to hold true to the basic ethos of the druidic order and respect higher-ranking druids.
All druids, from the humblest initiate to the Great Druid, may freely follow their own interpretation of druidic beliefs and act however they believe best serves Nature.

Druidic Demographics

A typical domain (one that has seen no persecution of druids but includes other priestly faiths as well) contains, on average, one druid for every 10 square miles of rural farmland or 400 square miles of lightly inhabited wilderness or steppe. Druids dwelling in rural areas usually are initiates (1st to 8th level, generally). Those in the wilderness usually have reached higher experience levels, frequently 7th to 11th level. A domain might feature one druid per 500 to 1,000 citizens, although this statistic gives a distorted picture, since druids are concentrated in some locales and rare in others.
The grove is a Sacred Place. A place of respite. A place of power. A place where the druid can commune with the very fabric of the cosmos, with the deities that rule these wilds, and with one another through fellowship and community. The grove is many things. A home. A temple. A garden. A hospital. A place of learning. A battleground. All these and more, the grove is not just an "altar in a clearing", although it can be that, it has the potential to be so much more.
There are druids for every terrain and biome. Guardians and preservationists, they shepherd every wild place of the world, regardless of remoteness, harshness or danger. The grove should reflect its surrounds, and its function should match the needs of the land in which it dwells.
Let's look at some example ideas for groves according to biome/terrain.
  • Arctic - Deep in the icy caves of a lonely mountain, or at the center of a large glacier, is a place of serenity frosted in rime. A place of pure ice, it reflects a thousand points of light from the small braziers that hang from its roof, washing the whole in refracting rainbows. A small pool of frigid water serves as a scrying pool and there are furs draped across the many natural seats that have been carved into the structure itself. Small bands of fox, ermine, mink, snowy owls and arctic hares dart and flit here and there, playing in the knowledge that the natural laws are suspended here. It has been seen to snow in here, on sacred days, and the Borealis sometimes is reflected throughout the chamber, giving the whole a surreal, dreamy quality. The grizzly bear who guards the entrance recognizes all friends and foe upon sight, and can, if needed, shift the grove into the Astral Plane as a quasi-vibration, for as long as is necessary for the threat to pass.
  • Desert - There are canyons out beyond the endless, rolling expanse of the Dune Seas, and deep in one of them is a sprawling oasis, verdant and filled with birdsong. There is only one way in and one way out of the box canyon, and that way is guarded by a Galeb Duhr whose name is known only to the druid circle and its allies. It will repel all threats with its powerful earth-abilities, and can shift the grove to the Elemental Plane of Earth if desperate. The oasis itself is a bubbling spring that has spread out and covered nearly the entire floor of the canyon. Palms, shrubs, flowering bushes, succulents and wildflowers have thrived here, and the whole is redolent with perfume and the buzzing of bees and the flittering of butterflies. Birds of all stripes flit about and rock hares, lizards, coyotes and small sheep all live in harmony here, and there are many fruits and groundfood to nourish them. The pool provides a coolness to the winds that get trapped here, and sandstorms and the like never trouble the spot.
  • Forest - Deep in the ancient forests is a ring of ancient trees intertwined with dense, thorny thickets and poisonous plants. A dryad guardian can open the way to the grove inside, but she is wary of any who approach, even allies, and caution must always be taken to appease her fickle nature. Inside the grove itself is a place of eternal summer, warm and comfortable, with a slight cooling breeze. Natural shelters of stone and wood have been erected to protect stocks of food and to house the farming tools and seeds required to sustain this busy place. Over 100 druids could easily dwell here for months, and many do, keeping gardens, flowerbeds, bees, and herb and fungus patches to sustain the grove. Dominating the grove is not an altar but a standing circle of stones - one of the many Places of Power that druids recognize and use to keep the earth healthy and renewed. A stream runs through the grove and forms a pool under one of the ancient trees. Its waters are sweet and cool and used for drinking, rituals, and scrying.
  • Jungle - In the heart of the rainforest is a waterfall and a large, spreading pool that feeds a riot of wildflowers, climbing vines, rambling banyan trees, and an abundance of edible fruits. A spike of pure crystal erupts from the center of the grove, canted and sparkling with mist from the falls. Jaguars lounge in the spray and the Jungle Giant that guards this place keeps watch in the guise of an outcropping of granite.
  • Mountain - In the windswept heights, just below the snowline, is a sheltered canyon, and its constantly watched by the Roc who nests at the mountain's pinnacle. A standing circle of stones dominates the sparse grove, and all of the ancient rocks are carved with a plethora of sigils and runes invoking protection, blessing, and peace. A few benches have been carved from the living rock and large fire pit is stained with the ash of millennia of sacred flame ceremonies.
  • Plains - Under the endless night sky, in the midst of a vast grassland is a standing circle of stones to rival all others. It contains over 1000 plinths and lintels and could easily hold 8 city blocks. It is ringed in torchlight and two Stone Golems, waiting beneath the earth itself, protect the site. An altar of bluestone dominates the center and small lean to's have been erected around the outside of the structure, crude housing for the hundreds who have come to celebrate the summer solstice.
  • Seacoast - In a flooded seacave on a rocky coast, corals and oysters, periwinkles, and scallops cover the walls and floor, thriving in the rising and falling tides that leave this space exposed for only a few hours a day. A Giant Crab guards this location, and can call others of its kind if necessary, and can even flood the grove in the event of a true crisis. Fish regularly swim in and out of here, and once a month an Awakened Great White Shark arrives to commune with the local Circle. A chunk of seaglass, some ancient empire's relic, washed up here ages ago, throws prismed light across the tumbled walls.
  • Swamp - A dryad's tree, long abandoned, but still remaining rooted in the Feywild, dominates a watery bog surrounded by thick thornbrakes and Assassin Vines. Crocodiles prowl the murky waters surrounding it, and a Shambling Mound ensures no outsiders can enter. The grove has three permanent structures, and an illusion disguises the sight and smell of the smoke that trickles thinly from the chimneys of the low structures. Mosses drape every surface and tame Will o' Wisps drift lazily, keeping the whole place lit with faerie fire.
  • Underground - In a vast bell-shaped chamber is a bubbling, sulfuric pool and its poisonous (and cleansing) vapors are carried about the vast space by a freshet of cool air, gusting through one of the many cracks and holes throughout this spongework cavern system. This particular chamber is filled with a carpet of fungi, growing up and over the walls as well, of all shapes and sizes. Lizards run through the darkness and bats hunt overhead. Only the bubbling pool is lit with some submerged arcane illumination, and the yellow glow washes the chamber in alien light. Crystals and shattered geodes throw dazzling sparks, and the old She-Bear dozing in the corner fills the air with soft snoring - a fitting soundtrack for this quiet place.
  • Urban - A graffitied alleyway down in the Buckets dead-ends against a burbling sewer drain, and the tide-marks of the filthy backwash that regularly surges here stains the crumbling walls with a lazy smear of greens and watery blacks. Half-a-dozen seats are bolted to the cracked flagstones; one a bucket, the other a broken dining chair, one a broken chunk of pillar, one a crude wooden stool, the last a corrugated iron box, half-rusted from repeated dunkings from the overflow. A flock of pigeons nests on the broken window sills and the roofline, ever vigilant for trespassers, and the large black rat that lives in the walls here has allies with half of the Undercity and no one would dare profane such a sacred place. The graffiti is news, from Druid to Druid and back again. Their comings and goings as strange as the bricks pathways they sometimes twist to their advantage, and their allies - cockroach to alleycat, are ever present in a world that does not even see them.

Circles and Branches

A given Circle normally covers a domain vast enough to include members from several, but usually not all, branches. A domain with a temperate climate might contain a circle composed of forest, swamp, and mountain druids. In contrast, a Circle in a tropical domain with flat terrain would consist of jungle, plains, desert, and swamp druids. All druids should possess an equivalent number of advantages and disadvantages regardless of branch.
However, equality is never guaranteed. In most fantasy worlds, the forest druids exercise the most influence. Due to the resources of the woodlands and humanity's desire to clear them for use as farms, forest druids often consider their problems the most pressing. The Order's priorities frequently reflect this stance; circles dominated by forest druids try to make sure that a member of that branch ends up as Grand Druid, the leader of the druidic order. As jungle druids and swamp druids share many of the forest druids' concerns, they often become allies. A well-balanced druid sees each branch as part of a single tree, all equally important.
Unfortunately, though, not all druids have this vision. Members of the informal forest-plains-swamp-jungle coalition sometimes look down upon desert and arctic druids due to the relative infertility of their habitats. Sometimes druids fall too deeply in love with their own particular part of the world--forest druids who see trees as the be-all and end-all of Nature may hold arctic, desert, and gray druids to be inferior. The victims of such prejudice, in turn, can come to resent the forest branch. Great druids from the few circles dominated by arctic or desert druids often ally to try to keep a forest druid from becoming Grand Druid-- although more often than not, they fail.

Main Duties of the Circle

These should apply to all Circles, regardless of their attitude towards the locals, and mainly covers the things you would expect Druids to be concerned about:
  • Patrol the area for hostiles
  • Tend to the health of the ecosystem, whether that be encouraging growth in some, or culling in others. This includes humanoids.
  • Celebrate the changing of the seasons with rituals of thanks and blessings, in exchange for the powers of magic, renewal and death.
  • To serve the needs of the lands and preserve the balance of all in harmony.

Great Druids

As stated earlier, the great druid leads a circle. Like other inner circle members, the great druid usually has won the position through the challenge and has to maintain the ascendancy by defeating other challengers. However, some great druids become so respected (or feared!) that subordinate Archdruids forgo challenging them, instead preferring to enter the service of the Grand Druid or wait until the Great Druid advances in level.

The Ban

The Great Druid can impose a strong, nonviolent sanction upon those who have offended the circle. All must shun someone placed under the ban; no druid in the circle will aid, speak to, or associate with the target of the ban. When an entire town or village suffers the ban, no druid may enter that area or speak to or aid any resident. Some druidic allies volunteer to follow the custom of the ban as well. For instance, a clan of sprites or centaurs on good terms with a circle may receive word of a ban and choose to honor it.
The great druid has the right to pronounce a ban on any druid in the circle. A ban also can cover non-druids, whole communities, or druids visiting from other domains (except the Grand Druid and personal servants), to demonstrate the circle's displeasure.
To pronounce the ban, the great druid stands up during a moot and announces to the group the reasons to impose the ban. Then the subject of the ban--if present--answers the accusations before the assembly. Finally, the High Council of the Moot votes on the matter openly, usually at sunset. If a majority of the council votes in favor of the ban, it passes. If not, the great druid should start keeping an eye on the circle's Archdruids--the opposition to the ban likely reflects an impending challenge.
A ban generally lasts 10 summers. However, the inner circle can vote to lift a ban early or (once the time is up) to extend it. The shunning does not extend outside the domain, so banned druids usually choose to go into exile--the result the great druid probably intended in the first place.

The Grand Druid

Above all others within the Order stands the figure of the Grand Druid, the highest-level druid in the world.
  • Duties of the Grand Druid: First and foremost, the Grand Druid acts as a politician, responsible for keeping harmony between the great druids of each domain and between the various druidic branches. The Grand Druid also rallies the circles against the rare global threat to Nature or the cosmic balance. This always proves a difficult task, as many circles fiercely cherish their autonomy, believing each one should remain self-sufficient and not meddle in other domains' affairs. Few circles willingly send contingents off to aid other circles unless they feel absolutely certain that the threat will menace their own domain as well. To make matters worse, the inflated pride of many circles prevents them from accepting help from "foreign" druids. As a result, often only one thing can convince the Order a threat warrants a combined effort: the destruction of an entire circle. Fortunately, such occurrences are few and far between.
The Grand Druid and entourage spend most of their time visiting different regions and speaking to the Great Druids, Archdruids, druids, and, rarely, lowly initiates. In particular, this leader serves as a diplomat and peacemaker, who mediates disputes between druids of neighboring circle. Normally the circles act with autonomy. However, if a circle appears in great disarray--for instance, an enemy has killed most of its members or forced them into hiding--the Grand Druid may try to rally the circle or recruit aid from other domains. If a circle has been effectively destroyed, the Grand Druid might decide to rebuild it from scratch.


Each Circle decides for itself what role each member will take, and how each druid advances in the order.
Traditionally, druids would fight one another to ascend through the ranks. The idea was that there were a finite number of druids, and a finite number of druids at each class level. To level up from 1 to 2, a level 1 druid would have to find a level 2 druid and defeat them in combat (which wasn't necessarily lethal, the rules were decided upon before the fight and generally ended at "first blood"). If the level 1 druid wins, he goes to level 2, and the level 2 druid drops to level 1.
Personally, as a DM, I love this conceit and I've kept it since it was introduced in the early editions of the game. I'm sure many of you would vehemently disagree with this and think it wouldn't be "fun" for the loser PCs, but you'd be surprised how flexible players are, and how losing and wanting to do better next time are strong drivers for behavior in the game. Not every player is going to like this, but some will, so have a conversation and do what feels right for your table.
In my own world, the Canathane Order has a strict hierarchy of titles, but each Circle has its own, internal set of roles that need filling, and these roles can be filled by a druid of any level, as this isn't about rank, its about ability/talent.
For example, in the Crows Wood Circle in Tazuria, a forest grove, there are the following roles:
  • Pathfinders - Scouts and navigators
  • Firetenders - Fire managers - both fighting and using as a tool
  • Bloomwalkers - Gardeners, herbalists, researchers
  • The Blades - Ecologists who keep the populations of all creatures - animals, humanoids, and monsters in balance.
Now there may be level 1 and level 12 druids as Bloomwalkers, as its the skills of the druid that matter.
The traditional "level structure" in D&D looks like this (with titles included):
  • Level 1 - Aspirant
  • Level 2 - Ovate
  • Level 3 - Initiative of the 1st Circle
  • Level 4 - Initiative of the 2nd Circle
  • Level 5 - Initiative of the 3rd Circle
  • Level 6 - Initiative of the 4th Circle
  • Level 7 - Initiative of the 5th Circle
  • Level 8 - Initiative of the 6th Circle
  • Level 9 - Initiative of the 7th Circle
  • Level 10 - Initiative of the 8th Circle
  • Level 11 - Initiative of the 9th Circle
  • Level 12 - Druid
  • Level 13 - Archdruid
  • Level 14 - Great Druid
  • Level 15 - The Grand Druid
In my world, however, the overall Canathane hierarchy looks like this:
  • Level 1 - Acolyte (newcomers, given mundane tasks)
  • Level 2 - Watcher (paired with a mentor, forbidden to speak)
  • Level 3 - Seeker (students who guide the acolytes and watchers)
  • Level 4 - Mentor (guides the students)
  • Level 5 - Teacher (guides the mentors)
  • Level 9 - Great Druid (leads a Circle)
  • Level 14 - Wanderer (walks the earth seeking wisdom)
  • Level 19 - Council of Ravens/Snakes/Salmon (depending on the terrain) - advisers to the Grand Druid
  • Level 20 - Grand Druid (overall Order leader)
All other levels not represented on this list are given the general title of "Priest/Priestess of the X Mystery", where "X" the level number (e.g,. Priest of the 8th Mystery).
So in our example of Crows Wood, the two Bloomwalkers would be equals when performing their duties in their roles, but when it comes to "official druid business", the level 2 Watcher would defer to the level 12 Mysteries Priest.
Take the traditional and make it suit your world and your needs, and remember to be creative when it comes to your hierarchies and think about what roles your druids can fill! There's a post I did awhile back that outlines some of these roles, and it may help.
“In the secret island the Druid shall dwell once more, and the Bard, the slave of the harp, utter the speech of the Gods.”
  • Lewis Spence

The Life of a Druid Grove

The cycle of annual events that marks time in the Druid world dictates a strict regimen of tasks, sacrifices, blessings, and rituals to ensure the health of the land, the weal of the wildlife, and the ancient adherence to time-honored traditions.
The Sacred Grove is the center of that cycle of life, and its existence is far more than a simple construction of earth, stone, and wood. The Grove existed as a place of power before the Druids recognized (and harnessed) its natural and spiritual essence. Groves are unique things. Each has its own place in the world, its own power levels, and a Name upon which devotion should be given.

The Permissions

A Sacred Grove, when "adopted" by a Druid circle, is modified by magic and ritual to hide its resonating power from the outside world, and this is almost always some form of barrier.
In forests, these are often tall and thick, thorny hedge walls, interspersed with rock and living trees, they disinvite curiosity and most animals do not dwell in or near them. In deserts, sandstone walls are sometimes used, intermixed with cacti and other native foliage, but sometimes raw illusion hides a desert Grove - it depends on the need of the circle's Great Druid to decide. In other terrains, other walls are created to match their surrounds, and underground large cavern systems are sealed off and closely guarded. The permissions that allow the flow of Druids and visitors are key to ensuring the Grove remains safe and hidden from non-allies.
  • The Known: These are any creatures/people that the Druids have observed but not interacted with verbally. They are the least trusted among the circles. The Known never know anything about the Druids, and the Grove remains unseen by them.
  • The Spoken: These are minor allies of the circle, who have proven themselves trustworthy enough to conduct affairs with, but remain outsiders to the Grove itself and its whereabouts. The Spoken are often allowed to trade with the Druids - information, goods, or whatever else, and can be raised to the next permission with time, and continued good will.
  • The Seen: These are allies of the circle who have proven both trustworthy and useful. They know where the Grove is located, and most of the Druids who are loyal to it, but must be escorted inside and are never left alone while in the Grove itself. Friend or not, the Druids maintain secrets that no outsider can ever be allowed to learn.
  • The Wise: These are strong allies of the circle who are trusted friends. They are friendly with all the Druids and are allowed to enter and leave the Grove on their own, and are treated as near-equals within the Grove itself (although some secrets will never be trusted to outsiders).


Guardians of the grove can come in many, many forms, and will most likely be tied to the surrounding terrain (but not always! A fire elemental in a polar setting is fiercesome indeed!). The role of the guardian is obvious - to guard the grove from threats, to hide it when necessary, and to act as a repository for passed messages or news.
Each guardian should be a fully fleshed NPC, with a rich personality and the usual quirks.
Here are some sample guardians, by terrain.
  • Arctic and Subarctic - Remorhaz, Yeti, White Dragon, Snow Elemental
  • Desert - Brass Dragon, Earth Elemental, Manticore
  • Forest - Dryad, Pixie, Faerie Dragon, Nixie, Sylph
  • Jungle - Dakon, Coatl, Green Dragon
  • Mountains - Galeb Duhr, Roc, Awakened Tree, Bear
  • Plains - Buffalo, Lion, Wolf
  • Seacoast - Shark, Crabfolk, Awakened Bird
  • Swamp - Shambling Mound, Froghemoth, Naga
  • Underground - Gargoyle, Myconid, Umber Hulk
  • Urban - Awakened animal or object, Therianthrope (Rat or Dog or Pigeon would work)
In all of my examples above, I said that the guardian can shift the grove away from the Prime Material Plane (or at least to another location on the PMP), and that's a traditional power of guardians in some folk tales - hiding the sacred from the profane. Your choice if you want to include that, so be creative with your guardians abilities!


A great many Groves have Gate/Doorkeepers that serve as the first line of active defense against the circle's enemies. Oftentimes these are not humanoids, but are more ancient creatures whose loyalty often lies more with the Heart than the circle. Examples of Doorkeepers are Galeb-Duhr and other Elementals or Elemental-kin, Dragons (these are rare), Celestials, Fey (also rare), or Spirits. The Doorkeeper knows all the permissions, and oftentimes will have proscribed rituals that must be performed before access to the Grove is permitted. The circle members most often do not have to perform these if they are above 3rd level, but every Doorkeeper has its own quirks.
Door Opening Ritual Examples
  1. Collect a rare flower and offer it as sacrifice.
  2. Collect a rare fruit and offer it as sacrifice.
  3. Make a live sacrifice of a creature.
  4. Use specific speech pattern/structure (ritual language).
  5. May only petition during natural, recurring events (full moon, solstice, etc...)
  6. Must strip away all goods and possessions before entering.
  7. Chant prayers/request for a timed period (oftentimes this is at least 6 hours, but Doorkeepers each decide how long the petitioner must show patience).
  8. Present a basic work of art (sand/rocks/crude paint) as sacrifice.
  9. Wait quietly for a timed period (the length varies, but from 1 hour to 1 week is common).
  10. Defeat a minor guardian manifestation before being allowed to enter. This may be combat via melee, magic, or wit (dialogue).

The Outer Grove

Once past the Doorkeeper, the Druid or visitor finds themselves in one of 2 interior "zones". These are not marked by any physical method, usually, and is more of a grouping of convenience, and not security concerns.
The Outer Grove contains the practical elements that a living community needs to survive and thrive. These often take the form of the following:
  • Traveling Druid/Guest Quarters
  • Animal Shelters/Pastures
  • Storehouses: Food/Equipment/Weapons/Medicines/Seeds
  • Kitchen and Dining Areas
  • Gardens/Crops/Orchards
  • Craftshops
  • Laundry Area
  • Latrines/Garbage Disposal
  • Access to clean, running water (waterfall, stream, magical fountain, etc...)
Food Sources
This is just a sample list
  • Vegetable Gardens
  • Herb Gardens
  • Fruit Orchards
  • Apiaries
  • Dairy Pastures
  • Fungal Blooms
  • Game/Fish/Fowl Hunting Grounds

The Inner Grove

The Inner grove contains the spiritual elements that the circle needs to attend to to keep their order in line with ancient traditions and philosophies. These often take the form of the following:
  • The Sacred Heart: The phenomenon/object that powers the grove and what the grove is built around. (See section, below)
  • The Circle Druids' Quarters: These can take many forms, but should reflect the terrain in which they dwell.
  • Vault/Secure Storage: These often contain revered/powerful objects, seed banks, items of value that are not needed yet (but may be in the future), or any other item that needs powerful security.
  • Circle/Altar: This is where all of the religious aspects of the Circle are performed. The material of the circle (traditionally of stone) depends on the local terrain and the focus of the Circle itself.
  • Magical Portal(s): These lead to other groves, safe areas, or towns or other important locations.
  • Guardian/Sage/Ally Quarters: These can take many forms, but should reflect the terrain in which they dwell.
  • Special/Magical Gardens: Often these are the exclusive gardens of the Great Druid, and contain rare and magical plants (some of which are the guardians!) that are used in times of great need.
  • Honored Dead (tombs, graves, pyres, etc...): These are not always inside the grove, but are always tended.
  • Magical "Feature: See the sample list, below the Sacred Places example list.
  • Other Sacred Places: The sacred places (not Hearts) within a grove can take many forms. Here's a small sample list:
Sacred Earth
  • Circle of stones
  • Mineral outcrop
  • Huge bouldeboulders
  • Mudpots
Sacred Fire
  • Torches/Lanterns
  • Firepit
  • Bonfire
  • Lava outflow/pool
  • Natural gas jet (lit)
Sacred Wind
  • Windchimes
  • Fluted Rocks
  • Moaning Rock
  • Wind sculpture
Sacred Spirit
  • Effigies
  • Totems
  • Charms/Sigils/Glyphs

Magical Features

  • Terrestrial/Planar Gate
  • Teleportation Circle
  • Healing Circle
  • Stasis Chamber (for the critically wounded, cursed, or preserved dead)
  • Eternal Season (within the grove)
  • Unnatural Day/Night Cycle (or only Day/Night)
  • Deity Communion Area (not necessarily the Heart)
You could also add some really fun ideas like:
  • The grove is concealed through illusions and (mental) traps.
  • The terrain around the grove is subject to a mass soothing effect, and no violence is possible.
  • A tree or boulder is Awakened and can be chatted to for 2-3 rounds a day. The locals might know about this.
  • No one inside, or approaching the grove is able to tell a lie.
  • Fire is unable to be kindled in the terrain surrounding the grove.
  • Weather does not affect the grove.

Sacred Hearts

The Heart of a grove is a place where the Druid can immerse themselves in the flow of magic and natural energies, and is key to keeping the Druid's health and sanity protected from the often immense burdens of shepherding the world. When a Druid visits a Heart, they are subject to the Heart's divine gifts. These gifts can take many forms, and may include recharging spells, healing wounds, lifting curses, and the like (see section, below).
A Heart is a place that is unusually beautiful or awesome (in the original sense of the word), and a feeling of physical dweomer passes over the perceptions of all sapient creatures who get near to it. This feeling is pleasant, and energizing, but will never cause anxiety or ill feelings, no matter how long the sensation is experienced. The magic here is welcoming, safe, and encompassing. A place of peace.
Creatures that are wicked/evil/destructive will be repelled from such places, driven to shun them, or destroy them if they think it can be done. A Heart is a font of positive divine magic, and resonates as such to any who pass near to it, which is why Druids go to such great lengths to disguise them, and protect them with strong guardian magicks and creatures.
Each Grove has, at its center, a natural object or phenomenon that is inherently magical and tied to the divine powers that ensure the health of the world. The Sacred Heart of the Grove can be many things. Here is a list of examples, by all means, homebrew your own!

Sacred Hearts

  1. A huge, ancient tree
  2. A waterfall
  3. A natural spring
  4. An outcropping of mineral
  5. A sinkhole/deep pit
  6. An oasis
  7. A crystalline cave
  8. A huge mushroom
  9. A pile of huge boulders
  10. A lightning-struck tree
  11. A boiling mud pit
  12. A whirlpool
  13. A thermal/volcanic vent
  14. A dust-be'deviled box canyon
  15. A deep pond
  16. A meadow of rare flowers
  17. A mineral/gemstone vein
  18. A balancing rock(s)
  19. A place of howling winds
  20. A mountain peak
Sacred Hearts each have different abilities, according to the needs of the grove's inhabitants. These abilities are left to your imagination, but here's some examples:
  • Regeneration – By spending time here, the druid can be healed of wounds, disease, poisons, venoms, and madness.
  • Empowerment – By spending time here, the druid can more easily commune with nature and the deities that govern.
  • Meditation – By spending time here, the druid can regain access to used divine energies, restoring spell access, or even granting new spells.
  • Travel - The veil between the realities is thinner in these places, and can be often used to move between the planes or even just around the Prime Material Plane. Most often these places are connected in a network, and can function as "divine teleporters" or Planar Gates.
  • Communication - It can be possible to communicate over vast distances to other places of power, and thus keep all the druidic Circles up-to-date on the world's events.

Religious Activities

The Heart serves as the focus for religious activites, as stated previously. So let us ask the question - what is a religious activity? Here is a sample list:
  • Celebrate the changing of the seasons and thank the Gods for their blessing and protection
  • Celebrate the full moon(s), and to recognize the cyclical aspects of nature - life, growth, decay, and death.
  • The sacrifice of items to honor, appease, or petition the Gods. These may take myriad forms - food, creatures, treasure, blood, or any other item the Circle and their Gods have deemed worthy of value.
  • Mass spellcasting to protect the grove, or the local area from harm.
  • The induction or death of a member of the Circle.
  • Specific rituals undertaken by the Circle based on tradition, location, or need - and these will be individual, unique activities. Perhaps a Circle of Grey Druids in the Underdark comes together once a year to cloak the Grove from a mass migration of a dangerous monster or beast pack.
  • If you want more ideas on specific mechanics for rituals, I've written about them here

Broken Groves

Through some evil, or plan, or accident, groves can lose their connection to nature and become broken - that is, cursed, defiled, or otherwise desecrated in some way. This can take any form, from reversed seasons (or persistent ones), hauntings, poisoned ground where nothing will grow, to warped ground where those who eat from it become entranced and will refuse to leave, to awakened and murderous plant or animal life, or anything else your devious minds can conjure. The reason should be great, however, as the groves are considered places that mark the health of the world as a whole, and losing even one should be a loss. Don't forget the grove's guardians and powers would warp and change as well. Stay safe out there!
The Druids officiate at the worship of the gods, regulate public and private sacrifices, and give rulings on all religious questions. Large numbers of young men flock to them for instruction, and they are held in great honor by the people. They act as judges in practically all disputes, whether between tribes or between individuals; when any crime is committed, or a murder takes place, or a dispute arises about an inheritance or a boundary, it is they who adjudicate the matter and appoint the compensation to be paid and received by the parties concerned.
  • Julius Caesar, The Conquest of Gaul
Stay tuned for Part 2, where you will get a fully fleshed out Sacred Grove to drop into your campaigns!
This is going to be part of an upcoming book - check out my other work!
submitted by famoushippopotamus to DnDBehindTheScreen [link] [comments]

2020.07.07 02:20 PhillipRayne [Fantasy World Epsilon 30-10] - 5.3 Keya Montage

Keya felt varied and turbulent emotions of late. It was fast becoming her new way of life. However, most of all, at that very moment, she felt extremely comfortable and supported in the undergarments Kel had purchased. She dared not tell him. That she even wore them at all, would remain a secret etched upon her heart of hearts.
For all the jaw-dropping wonders she had experienced to date, loss of ‘Sportz Braaz’ and those gods damned comfortable boots harrowed her most. Should she ever leave this oasis, access to them would be the highest price to pay. The underworld could have her soul, if it meant going back to the way things were, with clothes and shoes at least. She wondered if women from his world were as infatuated with such menial trifles as she. Perish the thought; his people were likely concerned with far loftier subjects. She tried thinking of what that might be. Inferring societal understanding from Jon and his helper Lee proved challenging. She would attempt subtly probing them on their culture and traditions when the opportunity arose.
In honesty, thinking of anything else but the task before her was a reprieve. So it was, with much reticence, that she reached with her power toward Master. Only this time, to her surprise, it hit a wall. Her sense washed about him like a wave against a cliff, and she found no purchase. “Master, it both relieves and infuriates me to say it, but you are now shielded. I cannot enter.”
“Interesting!” And thus began their daily training and her tutelage. They discussed a few alternatives and consulted her book. As noted, intrusion required the willingness of the subject, or forceful entry via ‘alternate’ means. The tome failed to elaborate further.
Albeit Kel-sun refused to admit it, Keya knew she was to blame for Master’s change. She had reached in and altered him in some unintentional way.
Commendable as Master’s new-found power was, he was but a neophyte in the realm of these magics. And having something she excelled at over him, was a bitter-sweet pleasure she delicately savoured. He would need practice before he could consciously give ground with his aura. Wresting and retreating against another’s domain was a new concept to her too, but she found her awakened power had shifted in locus since the merging of Earth and Water elements. Her vitality and strength felt boundless; the movement of her body and her magic had since united like intertwined dancers. True, the dance was quite clumsy betimes, but no longer was it some external plaything to be commanded. Instead, it writhed and breathed with her like never before. Henceforth, aura manipulations became markedly easier.
Instead of practice on himself then, Master retrieved some plants and fish in glass jars from the ‘Aqua-poniks’ gardens. It was a section of his abode she had yet to see, and the verdant area of lush greens calmed her soul as she strolled about. She resolved to return there more often and perhaps build her own world-side one day, Gods willing.
Plants, even if more rigid, yielded freely to her magical touch while the fish took a few more days to tame.
Preparation for Elgelica was a pedantic thing for Master. He proposed a few weeks of precaution before they embarked and Keya conceded. There were boundless mysteries throughout his abode to explore, and the luxury was second to none. Some part of her squirmed at how easily acquiesce had been purchased. She admonished that voice. Being homeless and starving in winter was unconscionably stupid, no matter how noble. Keya was always smart before she was proud, and Master appeared to agree. Three royal feasts a day with copious drinks in between and only the purest of water, with ice! She also received many elixirs of health: what almost all pills were meant for. How could anyone sane refuse such beneficent treatment?
There were many other tasks and exercises assigned over the coming days. First, Kel-sun properly acquainted her with the facilities in her room. She had washed from the basin with the reflective silver wall every morning and night, a luxury she already found quite indulgent. Endless water of any warmth or coolness from pipes was already unbelievable. Upon more explicit instruction of the shower and bath, she understood how folly her ways had been. He readily insisted she bathe or shower once a day! Jon turned out to be a very particular man in this regard; explicitly prescribing a litany of soaps, creams and ointments to be used in specific areas and manners, and absolutely no other. She notably enjoyed the brush for her teeth and the accompanying foaming mint paste. Beyond early childhood, Elves teethed twice a century, and her first set were still pristine. However, a little more cleanliness could not hurt.
To what end all this was required she had little understanding; Master maintained it was of the utmost importance for health. Instead of her mentor, he felt more like her chambermaid at times. Still, she had learned to attempt his ways before denouncing and rejecting them outright. If he wasted expensive soaps and perfumes on her, who was she to complain.
Then was the black glass artefact across from her bed. She had ignored it since the first night of retiring to her chambers, though she had the inkling it was similar to the other black glass panels all about the manor. Kel-sun had, in deference to her initial sensitivities, left most of them quiescent upon her arrival. Now the ‘Bunka’ was positively alive with colour and moving paintings everywhere she looked. Some displayed knowledge, and others imagery and music to delight the senses.
Evy was assigned to attend to any requests Keya might petition to her own black glass, a service for which Keya profusely thanked the servile elemental at every opportunity. That its attention could be better spent on other exigent matters that Master entertained, was not lost on her.
Nevertheless, she soon understood the true gravity of the station Master had bestowed with this artefact. He called it the ‘Inta-net’, and like a massive dragnet, the entirety of all knowledge from Master’s many worlds was gathered within. It felt as if consulting the very gods directly of their creations. No question of hers would go unanswered, and each answer given by Evy and painted beneath the glass spawned more questions. And so she went some nights, from inquiry to answer and question again, forcing herself to bed before the twenty third or fourth hour. Concerns about burning lamp oil were a forgotten consideration, the ceiling glowed pristinely, and day and night were hers to command.
Moreover, the net of knowledge extended well beyond earnest scholarly needs. Records of art, culture, history, and even the most frivolous entertainment of his realm were availed to her. More music than she could ever listen to, more paintings she could ever see, and a new art called ‘video’ that combined moving paintings with sound. The very essence of memory was captured in a flawless and unerring manner. It could be played from beginning to end like a song, and each time the reproduction was identical. No grain of sand was out of place, she had checked.
Her prior concern regarding clothes was folly; all that embarrassment was side-stepped by requesting directly through Evy. The servant knew all her measurements anyway; she need not have fretted. She exercised prudence for procurements, but some things simply had to be tried. Evy recommended garments with such queer names as ‘t-shirts’, ‘jeans’, and ‘sneakers’. Upon firsthand appraisal, these promptly became her preferred vestments around the Bunka. Their form-fitting and yet completely pliant flexion, a new-found indulgence. Kel warned that such garments would be ill-advised world-side and for good reason. With their garish colours, unique insignias, and crests, she may as well be wearing an army banner in her realm.
Master remained focused on planning their best means of entering Elgelica in his personal time. Blithely walking up to the gate was somehow insufficient for his tastes. Keya suspected she was unsophisticated and naive in these matters, so she left plans for their infiltration to him. He would still often confer with her. ‘Twas mundane and paltry know-how which she provided candidly.
She felt her mind grow with each new sight and sound. Some nights she would be invited to watch longer ‘videos’, called ‘Moovys’ or ‘Searys’, with Kel in the living area on the largest glass screen. These she understood to be the legends of his people, and though he denied this, the way he showed endearment to the characters was patent. Some of the feats displayed were truly remarkable, and Master made it very clear they were but figments, with no reality to them. How he told the difference was hard to fathom, they all looked authentic to her. And other things which were manifestly impossible, he would unequivocally maintain to be earnest historical testament. Some nights she would giggle in bed before sleep took her, others would be sad or poignant. One constant was an unrelenting stream, nay torrent of ideas, images and sounds into her consciousness. That any mind could survive this onslaught, let alone to be born into it, well; such musings were as world-shattering as the rest. And, this was merely what she did in her free time.
Entering Elgelica as a pressing need shifted from her to Kel over ensuing days. Time and familiarity weathered concerns better than any oath. Despite infantile banter, the deeper character of Master inexorably revealed itself in daily ritual. She watched and waited for the hearty veneer to crack and the man to be revealed. What she found, far from untoward, stirred warmth within her chest. I am safe here, and he is a civil host.
Still, he persisted with preparations and said, “establishing a base of operations in a major city is essential to the larger goal of formal first contact.” His gibberish was a half-truth in her estimation; the mention of more magical practice and a city of elves never failed to make his lips twitch.
In the mornings, they studied. Sometimes Jon would tutor, and other times Lee would manifest via the VR room.
“Was I not to receive night classes?” she asked.
“They are,” replied Master. “It’s night for Lee in Australia.”
“Of course. Why did I expect a sane answer.” She did not know of the mythical land of ‘Awe-stray-lea’. Sometimes Lee called it the ‘Land Down Under’. The underworld perhaps, as such, a place of eternal night. This line of reasoning made as much sense as any. Evy may have known more, but Keya had other more pressing interests.
It was here where she finally had the opportunity to see Lee face to face, in a manner. He looked very different from Kel, with jet black hair and dark eyes. She had heard of elven tribes to the east that looked similar: Night Elves. This further strengthened her underworld hypothesis.
Lessons were the delight of her day, schooling was a great privilege, and despite Grandpa teaching her at every opportunity, there were always the chores of living to be done. Not so for her extremely wealthy mentor. Additionally, the sheer majesty of how each lesson was presented with characters, colour, and demonstrations, enchanted the imagination. They professed to be starting her off slowly with education best able to assist her current needs. Talks involved natural laws her magic may harness, various rules and systems of how her archery and arrows functioned, as well as food, well-being, and medicine. She drank it all in. Were she to ask an opportune question they would readily digress, and she did so often.
After this, she and Master would adjourn to the HAS where their magic could be released. Master brought out many new trinkets that produced the ‘plazma’ alleged to be his element. What he termed a ‘state of matter.’ The ‘Plazma Globe’ was for her the most intriguing. It became his primary tool of practice, considering lightning in the ship was a risky venture. She countered that lightning anywhere was a dire situation, and he conceded the point. ‘Ee-leck-tris-city’ he called it; the preponderant magic of his realm that powered almost all the marvels she encountered. His people had harnessed lightning and given it a pet name!
They would sit cross-legged and partake in an observance he called ‘meditation’. Not dissimilar to prayer, albeit the goal was not supplication before the Gods or elements, but a distillation of mental focus. In this state, he would then manipulate the blue and pink strands of light within the globe, bending and twisting them in all manner of shapes and motions.
She would sometimes watch with rapt attention at both the exquisite designs he made and his calm visage. With his eyes closed, it made for a rare opportunity to study her mentor’s features, unguarded as it were. She gave counsel, though she soon realised, he was as formidable a student as a teacher. Quickly he started making and melding ponderings of his own with hers, often asking questions that revealed to her vast insights. That was the way of her mentor, each second an opportunity to learn and grow. And instead of dejection for the cavernous gap of knowledge between them, he spurred her on, giving her just enough to draw conclusions but stopping short of feeding her the answer.
Of her master’s many talents, this she prized above all. There was a sincerity with how he guided her. As if he saw in her greatness even beyond his own. No, it is you who is great! She wished to cry out. I am but a penniless village wench. He would, of course, reject such notions outright should she exclaim them. Just what he saw in her, she could not tell.
Next, was her turn for magical manipulation. No sooner had she told Jon of her new-found vitality and strength, did he declare:
“So you’re a fucken superhero!”
The first class was dedicated to showing movies of these beings, and she quickly understood the significance. The mythical gods of his realm had been captured firsthand in immaculate video. No wild imaginings or retellings were required; their feats and tribulations laid bare for all to see. She only wished she could extol the gods of her realm so well. Perhaps one day she would get the chance.
At this point, her morning activities blurred somewhat with afternoon training, which was the least enjoyable part of her day, aside from archery which she unabashedly loved. Exercise locales were split between the ‘Jim’ room and HAS for her benefit. The exercise regimen in the ‘Jim’ room was less enticing, especially without her new magic. She had been taught the necessity of health by now, but that knowledge made it no less gruelling.
Regarding this new magical strength, she was taught an art called ‘yoga’. It combined the aforementioned meditation with the motion of her body. Initially, movement of body and magic in unison proved challenging, but as the days passed, it required less and less concentration. She practised with Jon together on the airship with the seats folded back to accommodate the strange acrobatic dancing and posing.
“How are you so strong and flexible!?” Keya asked. She could only keep up by cheating, supplementing magic for strength. Master had no such luxury; his body held none of the affinity he wielded.
“Practice and natural whore moans,” he replied.
She would rather not think how ‘whore moans’ featured in his regimen, so she promptly dropped the subject. He is talented; I do not wish to know more.
Then came the weights; Jon dragged some equipment to the HAS for her magical testing. She could swear she lifted more each day until the difference was too stark to doubt.
“Just to be clear, there is no way in hell you could lift this much without your Life Magic. So don’t for bliksem’s sake try this in the gym. You are not getting injured on my watch you hear!” His warning was kindly received. She knew well her limits since her slave driver never missed an opportunity to impress them upon her. Purely physical training took place after magic class in that very gym. She suspected he even revelled in her torment, pushing her to exhaustion and then some, repeatedly. Now, she flinched every time she heard ‘Legs Day’.
Regarding injury, there was a time when she grazed herself on one of the gym’s metal bars only for the mark to disappear the next day during magic training.
“Great, you have fucking super healing too!” said Jon.
On closer inspection, many of her scars and old wounds had been fading or disappearing of late. What it meant as to the extent of her power was still uncertain. She did not have control of it and Master was himself dubious, a rare event. Caution was the watchword as always and never to rely on just one thing too heavily.
Her book, the inception of all this, proved to be rather brief and extremely light on details. An introductory text at best, though still valuable for the transformation it inspired. I am a Life Mage; to shy away from this truth is to deny my very being.
Some vexations of passing village clergymen still played in the back of her mind, evangelising the sanctity of the pure elements. Truthfully, she found their proclamations less believable by the day.
In light of the fantastic world opening up before her, guided by a wise, unerring mentor, how could they compare? The church was not there when the wolves came, or when Gillan’s gang beat Grandpa. Perhaps she was too reverent of Jon, a human only a few years her senior. Some elves might scoff at a man deigning to teach an elf anything. Human lives were ephemeral by comparison. What knowledge could they possibly garner in so short a time?
How woefully mistaken such arrogant fools would be! The best fortune to grace her life thus far was poverty. Without it would she have chosen the red pill? She doubted it. Thanks to the misconception of that pill’s influence, she had come to see the real power of choice and will. Again, how her tutor taught his lessons, thrummed a deep and resonant rhythm upon her heart.
Finally were the combat classes. It was not an initial priority until Keya’s magical potency was revealed.
“Opponents may close on you, thinking you an easy close-quarters mark. And in any other universe, they’d be right. It’s a ruse you were born for, best we use it,” said Master.
Master was, unsurprisingly, both physically and technically superior in a brawl. He focused on basic forms and techniques: how she might use fists and limbs to strike. Her blows were paltry in the gym, but he was still strict with correct alignment and tensing of muscles. Then there was the placement of feet and posture; no inch of her body was overlooked. She might have found it salacious were it not done with a most displeased and phlegmatic eye. Did he prefer men, she wondered?
Aside from this, he instructed her in some simple measures to break free from bodily grapples and grasping. Videos demonstrating the cruel effectiveness of some strikes, particularly against males, elucidated just why she was being taught this. It heated her cheeks in their close-knit practice, but Master seemed oblivious. Such valuable instruction she would never receive from anyone in her world. Women were seen as dainty creatures in her realm, meant to be saved: kept helpless and unprepared for such dire situations. Master saw beyond all this; he freely gave any knowledge and training she wished, and then some. The way he saw her was a disarming thing, as if he gazed upon her mind instead of her body. She felt liberated and vulnerable all at once.
Classes in coordinated combat were also visited upon in the VR room. They came fully equipped in the battle standards of his realm. Training in the use of his ‘Fire-arms’ was forestalled pending her better understanding of science. Their power could be more harm than help to an uneducated simpleton, and she held little doubt of that after seeing them at the range. Bolts that shot faster than sound were an unbelievable artifice, even when clearly and succinctly explained to her.
They were armed with false or padded weapons in the VR room; she brought her bows. The task was a game the likes of which she had played in childhood. Except the goggles presented quite visible apparitions of adversaries in varied environs and arrangements. They slew mainly from a distance with Keya covering his flank as he moved ahead. Rarely did they face the enemy directly in frontal combat. She suspected there might be scruples about honour amongst the fighters of her world, but she was not well versed in these matters.
Master’s designs for her became more evident with each lesson; rigorously building her up, brick by brick, from the foundations of her own strength. Unfurling every morning from her bedsheets like a blossom in spring; the light of the world was that much brighter. Within, the very cadence of her soul beat evermore invigorated.

Comments & Calculations

This chapter is a little different, a pulled back reflection ranging over a number of days. Being my first book, at this point I was comfortable enough with the standard scenes and POVs and wanted to branch out for the sake of practice. Narratively, and given my story is more grounded, I could not simply make them 'level up'. I needed a sense of time passing for training, conditioning, and psychological development: a montage. Don't worry, this isn't a regular thing, but let me know if you like or dislike it and why.
At this point, it may be worth asking who is starting to show a growth arc. Traditionally that would be your 'main character' but given the setup and subversion of tropes, who is that exactly?
Next, Elf teething, or in other words: immortality is all about the small things. A normal set of teeth with their enamel deteriorate rather expectedly over a human life span, and I'm sure your elf fantasies don't include toothless grins. So, such mammals, were they to evolve or be genetically altered, would need to teeth multiple times. Not at all unprecedented in the class of Mammalia; elephants do just that given their abrasive root based diet. We would also have to breed out or genetically modify impacted wisdom teeth, lots of humans have died from that too. Dentistry man, dentistry! With the amount of medicine and surgery a normal healthy human needs to before adulthood it's like we're partly transhuman already.
Also, plasma globes are real things for those unaware of the name: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_globe
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