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Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Apr. 11, 1988

2020.09.17 18:22 SaintRidley Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Apr. 11, 1988

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words, continuing in the footsteps of daprice82. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
• PREVIOUS •
1987
FUTURE YEARS ARCHIVE:
The Complete Observer Rewind Archive by daprice82
1-4-1988 1-11-1988 1-18-1988 1-25-1988
2-1-1988 2-8-1988 2-15-1988 2-22-1988
2-29-1988 3-7-1988 3-14-1988 3-21-1988
3-28-1988 4-4-1988 * *
  • Dave has results from the poll he put up before March 27. Out of 532 responses, 504 enjoyed Clash more, with only 20 liking Wrestlemania more, and 8 rating them roughly equally. 489 voted for Clash as having the better card, while 39 picked Wrestlemania’s card, and 4 thought the cards were equal in quality. Only two picked a Wrestlemania match for match of the night, with Ted DiBiase vs. Randy Savage and DiBiase vs. Don Muraco each getting a vote. FlaiSting got 245 votes for match of the night while Midnight Express/Fantastics got 242 votes, and the NWA tag title match got 36 votes.
  • Anyway, it’s a really slow news week. So with the complete lack of anything interesting happening, Dave is gonna hit us with a bunch of semi-organized thoughts and such.
  • Hulk Hogan and Sting are the two guys coming out of Sunday with the most buzz. The level of response Sting has been getting cements him as the #2 babyface in the country, jumping past Savage and the Road Warriors quite quickly. Sting’s a guy who never had a big push before a couple months ago, had never gotten a clean pin on a major star, he’s never even won a singles title in NWA. He’s good for his experience level, but he’s very unpolished, and he’s not a good talker. But the man has some kind of charisma and fans have latched onto it, and Sting/Flair is now the most viewed match in modern NWA history and potentially the most viewed match in U.S. cable tv history. Ric Flair deserves a lot of credit for the match turning out and for giving Sting the rub, but you can’t get over off a rub like that if you don’t have something to you. Unfortunately, they don’t have a lot of options for sustaining his push and keeping his momentum going. He’s worked Flair for four months now, and there’s no other heel he can have a meaningful feud with without cooling off. So Dave worries they’re going to whiff and fail to catch lightning in a bottle with Sting.
  • Wrestlemania’s numbers may be down, but ppv kept it from being a flop financially. Roughly 585,000 homes paid $19.95 to watch Wrestlemania IV, roughly a 6% buyrate (maybe as high as 6.5%), which means a gross of $11.7 million. With closed circuit, live gate, and the site fee Trump paid, the total take is an estimated $16.3 million, with WWF pocketing roughly $7 million. Merch may get them another million. We’ll see the real success or failure when WWF returns in a month, because they’re taking four weeks off. So we’ll have to see if it’s profitable to off-set other losses of income - house show revenue leading to Wrestlemania was down from the same period as last year, and the summer slump is coming.
  • Clash drew an overall 5.8 rating and 12.6 share, being viewed in 2,561,000 homes in an average quarter hour. It’s not quite Royal Rumble ratings, but interestingly the audience grew every quarter hour. You’d never see that in a modern Raw, that’ for sure. FlaiSting topped out at a 7.1 rating/15 share with 3,138,000 homes on average, with the final 15 minutes having just under 3.5 million watching. Quite possibly the most watched slot of wrestling ever on cable tv. No matter how you slice it (ratings services assume a household means 2.2 viewers, based on their averages). Dave figures for wrestling the number may be closer to 3 particularly for ppv, but no matter how you slice it Wrestlemania didn’t have near as many viewers as Clash.
  • Dave thinks there’s a criticism of Wrestlemania that isn’t really just: the card was too long. For what was billed (16-18 matches), it wasn’t too long, and the card only went 3 hours 40 minutes with a 12 minute intermission. Most matches were under 6 minutes, and cutting time would have made them even shorter. The card may not have been good, and it may seem long because of its badness, but any shorter and all the complaints would have been about the lack of wrestling.
  • For Clash, Dave thinks the criticism of there being too many commercials is a bad one. Seeing that quality a show for free? You can live with commercials and let the advertisers foot the bill. And they didn’t break any match up with commercials. Sure, the breaks were longer than usual, but they avoided cutting off the action so it’s all good.
  • For the most just criticisms of both shows, Dave thinks the Wrestlemania crowd and judging for FlaiSting take the cake. The crowd at Wrestlemania was papered with non-fans who didn’t know the characters and stories, and even WWF operates at a level of complexity above the ability to just grab a random off the street and expect them to grasp everything and react appropriately with no background knowledge. As for Clash, they botched the judging completely. Nobody clarified if a judges’ decision could cause a title change. Having one judge be a Penthouse Pet on Ric Flair’s arm the day before on tv strains credulity to the breaking point. They promised a winner and gave a draw. They never made clear that Jason Hervey and Ken Osmond weren’t actually judges and were just sitting at the judges’ table as celebrities. If Flair and Sting had been average or even bad, this judging stuff could have completely ruined the show in Dave’s opinion.
  • Dave thinks the best swerve related to either show happened the week before in Springfield, Illinois. Santana and Martel came out wearing the WWF tag titles for a match scheduled to air after Wrestlemania, which made Dave expect them to keep the belts. Turns out they got into it with Slick and chased him to the back, and the ring attendant brought the belts to the back, then they re-entered without the belts and the cameras didn’t start rolling until the second entrance. Clever work by WWF there.
  • Martel and Santana getting booed at Wrestlemania remains the most puzzling thing about the night for Dave. Even at the closed-circuit sites Dave got reports from, fans there booed them. At first Dave assumed it was because Demolition are kind of Road Warrior knockoffs, but reports Dave got indicate that they got booed a lot too, so Dave has no clue why fans aren’t feeling Strike Force.
  • WWF and NWA each have a candidate for “best case of assuming fans have memory loss” with their shows. WWF gets theirs for the evil twin Hebner angle. A few weeks back it was being hailed as a great angle, but once it became clear the tournament was flopping as an angle, they dropped all mention of it. Never got brought up at Wrestlemania, and Earl Hebner even refereed several matches in the tournament without any mention of his name, Dave Hebner’s name, or any referee even being named. Meanwhile, NWA’s handling of Steve Williams returning gets a mention as well. Not only is he no longer mentioned as UWF champion, they’re acting like the UWF championship has never existed. And we thought McMahon was the worst when it came to ignoring wrestling history. They also forgot his heel turn from before he quit and his feud with Barry Windham, since he and Windham are teaming on the April 17 WTBS Main Event show.
  • WWF still wins the PR game, even if they had less than a third the viewership on Sunday. All news media converge of the weekend in wrestling was about WWF. Even CNN, owned by Ted Turner, gave five minutes coverage to Wrestlemania and ignored the Clash, and several outlets went along with WWF’s claim of having 10 million U.S. viewers. USA today went so far as to claim 50 million. The lesson is obvious - NWA will be ignored in the media unless they start lying, and lying huge, just like WWF. And don’t blame WWF - until the media calls them on it, they’ve got no reason not to lie.
  • So back to USA Today and their claim of 50 million viewers in 38 countries, that’s just not true. 36 of those countries have to be fictitious, because the U.S. was the only country getting Wrestlemania on ppv, Canada was the only other country with closed-circuit, and no other countries had it on free tv. They’ll probably be on free tv in about a year in the Middle East (Dave’s comedian brother toured over there last year and WWF is big there, but they’re about 11 months behind on tapes). For Wrestlemania to have had 50 million viewers would require an average of about 90 people at every home that bought it on ppv.
  • Compared to previous Wrestlemanias, Wrestlemania was pretty bad on all fronts. The card was the worst yet by a large margin. It drew the worst on closed-circuit, only drawing half the numbers of Wrestlemanias 1 and 3. Due to the increased reach of ppv this year, it’s probably similar overall to Wrestlemania 3 in terms of overall money from ppv, but the buyrate was only a little over half the previous buyrates.
  • Most Quickly forgotten major attraction: The Rock and Roll Express.
  • Ric Flair gets spot of the night. At the 43 minute mark, he flipped into the turnbuckle and landed on his feet on the apron before going over to the other corner to come off with a flying body press that Sting reversed for a near fall.
  • Hogan wins the best smartass remark. When asked by a reporter whether him not winning the tournament meant he’d be going to the movies, he said “Yeah, I’m going to see Fatal Attraction.”
  • George Steele getting that green gets a note here for the best ratio of getting paid to doing work. Steele never even got in the ring or laid hands on anyone during the battle royal. Nevertheless, he surely got a handsome check. Get paid, Georgie.
  • Wrestlemania wasn’t supposed to be available on satellite, but was. Dish owners got the show descrambled, just without audio. Honestly, it’s probably an improved experience.
  • Dave poses a question and provides his own analysis: would Crockett and McMahon trade places? Crockett would surely take a $16 million gross for a show that is objectively an artistic failure, no doubt about that. Would McMahon prefer to have a great show that sabotaged his competition, even if he made less money? Very probably.
  • Dave makes a snide remark about what WWF can sell to counter the Four Horsemen vitamins (which he calls a total joke). For $39.95 you’ll get the perfect system you can use to calm “hyperactive children and put them to sleep, and help your own insomnia late at night.” Wrestlemania IV the video tape.
Watch: there's so little this week, so here, watch Wrestling With Wregret's review of Wrestlemania IV
  • Dave gives himself the worst analysis award. His read that Crockett couldn’t hurt WWF and that Wrestlemania would gross $25 million was so wrong it’s laughable, and his only solace is that he didn’t make the most ridiculous projections. That award goes to WWF. What this weekend really proved is that fans pretty much only care about personalities and belts mean nothing.
  • Big props to the Fantastics, because they worked their asses off.
  • Duggan being unable to have a good match with DiBiase is the saddest sight of the two shows for Dave. Especially sad considering the match they had in August that was pretty good, despite Duggn weighing over 300 lbs and blowing out his hamstring and blowing up within two minutes. And that was still a better match.
  • Dave says Randy Savage, Ricky Steamboat, Bam Bam, and the Road Warriors all lost steam on Sunday. Savage is particularly notable, being the first guy to lose steam while winning a world title.
  • For years, Flair has lost a lot while Hogan wins all the time, which would make the average mark think Hogan is better. A mark watching both shows this past Sunday may well come away thinking Flair is a better wrestler.
  • Does this mean the wrestling boom times are over? Well, we’re down from the peak and wrestling is overexposed nationwide. Smaller promotions are not going to survive, and the big ones are drawing smaller crowds. Wrestlemania is probably just a stubbed toe for WWF. It’ll hurt for a short bit, but things will go back to normal soon enough.
  • Finally, Dave looks to the future. Crockett is undoubtedly the big winner on March 27 and they’ve turned momentum around by proving they can present a show right and give quality matches that lead to a show that WWF’s glitz can’t match. They won’t surpass WWF to become number one, but they don’t need to. Their success does not depend on WWF. Their success depends on their audience, and the enthusiasm of their audience has breathed life into them once again. And yet, they’re still making unforced errors. Saturday after the Clash, they have Flair and Sting headlining matches in both Baltimore and Philadelphia, having to rush a match in one city, drive to the other quick, and do it again. It’s a recipe for two bad shows. And as long as they keep doing stuff like that which makes their live shows bad, they’re going to fail to be what they can be and they’ll start to slide again. And they have a lot of potential. Given their ratings for Clash, they may not have as many fans as WWF, but for all WWF’s advantages NWA is far closer to WWF than you’d think they would be. They’re real competition at this stage, and it’s ironic because until Vince decided to pick a fight on Thanksgiving and again in January, they simply were not any kind of competition to WWF. Vince forced Crockett to have to retaliate, and it gave Crockett the motivation to take steps he never would have taken before. Still, we’re back to NWA being the Dusty Rhodes show. Every heel talks about Dusty in their promos and half the faces as well. It’s what hurt them last year, putting all their eggs in Dusty’s basket, and just as they begin having some success, they go right to the poisoned well again. Then again, their most recent main event show was really good, so maybe they are on the right track.
  • Nobody in Hollywood knows anything about any Hulk Hogan movie. So that whole biopic that we’ve been talking about for months? Yeah, that doesn’t seem to be a thing and won’t be for over 30 years when they cast Hulk Hogan properly: as a beautiful Australian man with the body of a Norse god. Anyway, Hogan’s definitely taking time off, what with his child being born soon. As for any momentum lost, WWF will probably mitigate that issue with clever sound editing to make Wrestlemania look like a success. What matters to WWF is image, not substance. If they can make their fans believe the show was a success, it will cease to be a failure. They’ve got some truly magical powers there, but there are problems they need to overcome. And the biggest is that nobody except Hogan is truly over. They spent months building angles that flopped (such as Heenan vs. Matilda) and nothing they’re hyping next has any kind of box office potential. Do you think after what we got at Wrestlemania people are going to want to see Rude vs. Roberts? JYD vs. Ron Bass? Duggan vs. Andre? Savage vs. DiBiase won’t mean anything.
  • In closing, Dave says the moral of the story is that WWF made good short-term moves that came back to bite them big. They destroyed Crockett on Thanksgiving, costing Crockett over $2 million of their potential for Starrcade and keeping them off ppv in a big way. On January 24, they ran a free show against the Bunkhouse Stampede to sabotage the show. Crockett’s retaliation in March, however, showed they have a cable audience nearly as large as WWF’s and they cost Wrestlemania several million dollars in lost revenue. It may be a lucky day for them. Maybe it’s a turning point for wrestling as a whole that we’ll be talking about years from now. But the main takeaway is Vince has nobody to blame but himself. Live by the sword, die by the sword, what goes around comes around.
  • As we all know, WWF ran an ad during Clash of the Champions. Apparently they bought five ad slots under a fake company name. Four of them were caught, but one made it to air.
  • Wrestlemania V is scheduled for March 19, 1989. That's all Dave knows.
  • Financial News Network has begun airing weekly main events from Memphis on Saturday nights. The April 2 show had Eddie Gilbert and Jerry Lawler from March 28, while next week will be Curt Hennig vs. Jerry Lawler in a stretcher match. NWF is scheduled to do a tv taping later this month for FNN which will debut in that timeslot, but for now Memphis will continue airing.
Watch: Eddie Gilbert vs. Jerry Lawler, parking lot brawl
  • This past Sunday NWA debuted their NWA Main Event show and it was good. The show was taped on March 31 and had a super invested crowd and it showed on tv. It really helps matches to have a crowd that’s going crazy for every spot (looking at you, Corpus Christi). Some production issues aside, it’s becoming a lot of fun to watch the NWA. Road Warriors squashed Super Destroyer and Larry Zbyzkso, Dusty beat Ivan Koloff for the U.S. title in a surprisingly good 6 minute match, and FlaiBlanchard/Anderson beat LugeWindham/Sting in an excellent match.
  • [AJW] Chigusa Nagayo and AJW toured Thailand two weeks back and drew big during their visit. Crowds ranged from 8,000-11,000 and the Bangkok newspaper called them “The new craze of Thailand.” Not everybody’s quite so impressed, though, Dave notes. One Thai reporter wrote this: “I didn’t know that women’s wrestlin[g] was drawing so much attention in Thailand. The visit of the Japanese wrestlers has created tremendous interest and according to promoter Sombhop Srisomwongse, a record crowd is expected tonight at the National Stadium. How surprising it is that a few women with about two months of training and especially big framework, a few flying kicks and some TV exposure could be a draw here when traditional Olympic sports like Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling failed to find a foothold.”
  • [All Japan] When Brody won the International Title from Jumbo Tsuruta on March 27, he went into the crowd and started hugging the fans. It got him over huge as a babyface. Brody’s one of the smartest guys in the business, seriously.
  • During an All Japan press conference with Tiger Jeet Singh and Abdullah the Butcher, Singh went nuts and started attacking reporters (?). I think it’s reporters. Dave wrote “reports” but the context of a melee makes me think reporters. Anyway, Butcher did stuff too once things got out of hand and wound up throwing a glass, which hit the head of a Gong Magazine reporter hard enough that he bled and needed two stitches.
  • The Malenko brothers met Mike Tyson when they were in Japan. Tyson’s “all the rage” over in Japan, and he thought they were the British Bulldogs. The Malenkos went along with it and pretended to be the Bulldogs until he asked if he could pet Matilda.
  • WCCW’s financial issues have caused significant cutbacks to tv tapings. They’re running shows in Fort Worth every third week now, a cutback from every other week and a far cry from the weekly shows they used to run dating all the way back to the 40s, and these shows are four hour tv tapings. The regular tv show is also taping only every three weeks.
  • WCCW may move the May 8 Parade of Champions show to the Cotton Bowl from Texas Stadium. Nothing certain yet, but there’s talk of some kind of triple cage gimmick.
  • The Penthouse Von Erich story has been dropped from the July issue. No reschedule has been announced.
  • Fabulous Lance still hasn’t shown up in WCCW because he extended his South Africa tour, where he’s a babyface. He’s even using the Von Erich name down there. There’s legit heat between him and Kevin and Kerry due to all the stuff that went down when he left and Fritz’s burial of him, and Dave just wonders how bad a Lance vs. Kevin match would be in the best of circumstances, never mind if they can’t stand each other enough to cooperate.
  • Not much details about the March 28 Memphis card, but Lawler threw fire in Eddie Gilbert’s face. The Bruise Brothers (Harris brothers) won the Southern Tag titles from Gary Young and Max Pain. The crowd had 5,500.
  • Memphis dropped ticket prices for students to $1 for the April 4 show to ensure good turnout for Jerry Lawler vs. Curt Hennig in a non-title stretcher match. Eddie Gilbert is also putting up a $25,000 bounty for anyone who can break Lawler's leg. Gilbert’s gone from the territory, but he’s supposedly going to keep sending promo tapes in to keep the bounty thing going as part of a working arrangement between Memphis, Continental, Jerry Blackwell’s Georgia promotion, and the Florida promotion Steve Keirn and Jerry Jarrett are talking about starting. Also, Missy Hyatt will be managing Hennig in the Lawler match.
  • WWF has announced a bunch of post-Wrestlemania shows with Savage/DiBiase headlining through the end of May, at the very least. No sign of Hogan anywhere through that period.
  • All of the letters are reactions to Sunday’s shows. Some choice quotes presented without other context:
“If someone had spent millions of dollars on an anti-wrestling propaganda piece, he couldn’t have approached the job that Vince did on himself this weekend.”
“Crockett smashes. Titan crashes.”
“$17 for pay-per-view and $20 for pizzas, pretzels and chips. And what did I get for it? Nothing. Wrestlemania was a bore, plain and simple.”
“Vince has sucked me into my last PPV. Never again.”
”The Crockett wrestlers put on one hell of a show. It was better than Titan’s They had to. They’re number two. But the booking still left a lot to be desired.”
”Titan usually learns from its mistakes.”
”I thought Wrestlemania IV was better because of superior atmosphere and the fact that the guys all tried to work hard.”
”Vince went for flash and name dropping. Crockett went for good wrestling. Crockett succeeded.”
  • Ron Simmons may be headed to New Japan in May.
  • Verne Gagne has started showing lots of pre-1984 tape of WWF main guys like Hogan, Ventura, etc. Why? To build his tv ratings by showing that he used to have the guys who get the ratings now. It’s a clear sign he’s pretty much giving up on house shows and is looking to keep alive through small sold shows enough to keep producing tapes for ESPN. The death of the AWA is a slow, pathetic thing that already feels really drawn out, and there’s still years left.
  • [NWA] The Dusty Rhodes suspension has been delayed and won’t be announced until this weekend’s television, and will go into effect April 16. The reason is to allow him to wrestle April 15 in Boston Gardens. They’ve already got Midnight Rider appearances booked for some shows, though.
  • Nikita Koloff will face Ric Flair on night two of the Crockett Cup. Sting would make the most sense, given how hot he is. Luger or Steve Williams would be hot, since they’ve never had the opportunity. Even Windham would at least guarantee a fantastic match. But Dusty’s giving the match to Koloff. Whatever reasons he has, they have little to do with making sense.
  • Magnum T.A. is being sued by Charlotte Memorial Hospital and Charlotte Rehabilitation Hospital for $56,692 in back medical care. His medical expenses have gone over $100,000, and his insurance coverage only covers $25,000. Related, a Toronto spinal cord expert has proposed an operation which he claims will give Magnum full use of his bad limbs and even a slim chance of returning to the ring.
  • Syndicated ratings for the week ending March 13 have WWF in 4th place with a 10.7 on 248 stations. Crockett ranks 6th with a 7.8 on 178 stations, and All-Star Wrestling (AWA, GLOW, etc.) ranks 9th with a 7.2 on 174 stations.
  • There’s a planned wrestling movie with Roddy Piper for a Christmas release. Nothing comes of this. But it’s nice that Piper has so many movie role ideas being thrown at him.
  • [All Japan] The thing with Tenryu and Hansen has made Stan Hansen’s popularity surge in Japan. They worked the shoot all the way to Tenryu’s hotel room, with Tenryu leaving the arena early and Hansen looking for him in the dressing room and later going to Tenryu’s hotel to try and find him, but Tenryu wouldn’t leave the room. Fans in Japan now believe Tenryu, the hottest wrestler in the country, is afraid of Hansen, which puts Hansen in that upper echelon of guys who come off as “real” like Brody and Akira Maeda.
  • Jim Shyman’s 976 wrestling hotline in L.A. was rated top 976 number in an L.A. publication. It’s the first time Dave’s seen anything pro wrestling top any chart in any category.
NEXT WEEK: Akira Maeda announces new UWF, another shoot in New Japan, WWF reveals internal Wrestlemania projections, and more
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2020.08.27 09:39 HauntedSpy SKs you never might've heard of: The USA

Greetings. For a long while now, I've been compiling and continue to compile a long list of SKs (convicted and suspected) across the world, which have yet to receive an article on Wikipedia. I haven't run a countdown, but I do believe it might count in the triple digits by now. Anyway, today I decided to share one individual SK for each US state and territory, with a little information and a linked article/source to their crimes. I hope you find this information as fascinating as I do. Let us begin. ALABAMA: Curtis Grantham (1988; 3 victims) Murdered two women in Phenix City, burying them in a wooded area in Seale. Later confessed to the October murder of 32-year-old Dawn Ball, previously thought to be a victim of Christopher Wilder. Sentenced to life imprisonment. ALASKA: Gary Zieger (1971-1973; 6+ victims) Doubling as a member of a motorcycle gang who was paid to kill people, Zieger is also thought to be responsible for murdering at least three female hitchhikers around Anchorage. The true extents of his crimes remains unclear, and he himself was murdered along the Seward Highway in 1973. AMERICAN SAMOA: None to my knowledge ARIZONA: Michael Carlson (2003-2009; 3-9 victims) Shot dead his sister in Tucson in 2003, and later murdered a couple in Marana. Confessed to 9 murders in total, but his other victims, if there are any, haven't been found. Sentenced to death. ARKANSAS: Randy Gay (1978-2011; 3 victims) Murdered his father-in-law in 1978, served time and released. Murdered his father in 1991, released again. And finally, murdered a woman and dumped her body at Ouachita National Forest in 2011. Sentenced to death. CALIFORNIA: Pittsburg serial killer (1998-1999; 4 victims) Within a two-month period, four young women were killed in this little, tightly-knit community. It is believed that it's a work of a serial offender, and the Pittsburg police are searching for clues to catch him. Unidentified. COLORADO: Ronald Lee White (1987-1988; 3-16 victims) Murdered roommate and two other men in disputes/robberies, mostly surrounding Pueblo. Later confessed that he has killed 16 victims in total. Authorities believe that at least four cold cases around the state could be tied to him. Sentenced to life imprisonment. CONNECTICUT: Zackery Cody Franklin (2007-2011; 4 victims) Murdered four men around New Haven for mostly robbery purposes. Originally convicted for two homicides, later connected to the other two. Sentenced to life imprisonment. D.C.: Greg Brice (1994-1996; 4 victims) Shot two men in two separate instances for personal disputes. Escaped confinement in December 1995, and a few months later, murdered two men. Recaptured, and sentenced to long imprisonment terms. DELAWARE: James Gordy (unknown-1897; 1-4 victims) Battered his wife to death with an oar in 1897; suspected in the suspicious deaths of his father, ex-wife and their child. Executed in Georgetown in 1897. FLORIDA: Leon Holston (1964-1966; 4 victims) Murdered four young boys in Pompano Beach, while he himself was still a teenager. Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment. GEORGIA: John Robinson (unknown-1901; 1-6 victims) Known as "The Colored Ripper", he was executed for the strangulation murder of a young black woman in Laurens County, whose body he viciously mutilated after. Five other similar murders were suspected to be his doing, but never proven. Executed in Dublin in 1902. GUAM: None to my knowledge HAWAII: Robert Mark Edwards (1986-1994; 2+ victims) Convicted of raping, robbing and murdering two female realtors, one in Los Alamitos, CA, and the other in Kihei, HI. The gap between his crimes, and their severity, leads me to believe he might have other victims, likely in California. Sentenced to death in California and life imprisonment in Hawaii. IDAHO: Gerald Pizzuto (1985; 4 victims) Murdered a woman and a man in Seattle, WA during robberies. Later moved to Boise, ID, where he murdered a couple in a remote cabin. Sentenced to death in Idaho. ILLINOIS: Michael A. Johnson, Jr. (2008-2010; 4 victims) Rapist who abused and murderd young women in Chicago. It's peculiar to note that he strangled them with a deformed right hand, which was missing three fingers. Sentenced to life imprisonment. INDIANA: Anna Cunningham (1918-1922; 5 victims) Poisoned her family members with arsenic in Gary. Sentenced to life imprisonment for one murder, but later paroled for unspecified reasons. Died a free woman in 1945. IOWA: Donald Piper (1993-1998; 2-4 victims) Hotel maintenance chief who stabbed and strangled two women in Des Moines, and is suspected of another two similar killings during that time period. Sentenced to life imprisonment. KANSAS: Mary Troy (1909; 3+ victims) Murdered at least three children in Topeka, all of whom were entrusted in her care. Possibly responsible for half a dozen similar deaths. Fate unknown. KENTUCKY: Michael Abner (1983-2010; 3 victims) Following his arrest for the stabbing death of an elderly man in Pulaski County, he confessed to two cold cases involving strangulation of old women, in 1983 and 1988. Sentenced to life imprisonment. LOUISIANA: Edward Augustine (2007-2011; 3 victims) Involved in a fatal car crash while driving a stolen vehicle in New Orleans, charges dismissed. Later, he and another man killed two men in Jefferson Parish. Rearrested and serving a 40-year prison term. MAINE: Constance Fisher (1954-1966; 6 victims) Mentally-ill woman who drowned six children, three each on two separate occassions, in Waterville. Confined to a mental hospital, but managed to escape and later drowned herself in the Kennebec River in 1973. MARYLAND: Patrick McCullough (1980-2001; 3 victims) Deaf man who murdered two employers (1980 and 1982) in Annapolis, and later his girlfriend in Waldorf (2001). After killing her, he shot himself through the head. MASSACHUSETTS: John Monteiro (2007-2010; 3 victims) Rhode Island man who murdered a man in Brockton in July 2007, and later shot a brother and sister to death. Sentenced to life imprisonment. MICHIGAN: Paul Harrington (1975-1999; 5 victims) Former Detroit police officer who shot his ex-wife and two children in 1975; sent to mental institution and released after two years. After living a relatively peaceful life for many years, he was fired from his job and stopped taking his medication, leading to him killing his new wife and son in 1999. Sentenced to life imprisonment. MINNESOTA: David Torgerson (1969-1973; 6+ victims) Murdered two Minneapolis women in 1969 on separate occassions, and later on, his wife, two children and the babysitter in Rochester. Suspected of more murders since the 1950s. Hanged himself before trial for killing his family. MISSISSIPPI: Columbus elderly murderer (1996-1998; 4-5 victims) In two years, five elderly people were murdered in Columbus. Three years ago, DNA evidence snatched a man named David Solomon Murray, from Pine Bluff, AR, as the killer of one of the victims, but we're yet to see if he's responsible for the others. Unresolved case. MISSOURI: John Wesley Robinson (1896-1913; 3 victims) Strangled a woman in St. Louis and later buried her corpse under the floorboards. Arrested, served 11 years and released. In 1913, he murdered his wife (April 11th) and his stepdaughter (May 17th), dismembering each body and burning the remains in the stove or burying them. Executed in Kansas City in 1915. MONTANA: Ah Yung (unknown-1883; 1-17) Chinese immigrant who murdered a paymaster in Missoula. Authorities suspected he killed a total of seventeen people (two white men and fifteen Chinese), but not much information is available about them. Executed in Missoula in 1883. NEBRASKA: Clarence Victor (1964-1988; 3 victims) Mentally-disabled man who murdered an elderly woman in her Omaha home. Had previous convictions for manslaughter and murder, in 1964 and 1976, respectively. Died in prison. NEVADA: Norman Flowers (2005; 3 victims) Las Vegas rapist who killed the daughter of a former girlfriend in March. Two months later, in the span of eight hours, he raped and strangled two women with a telephone cord. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW HAMPSHIRE: Craig Conkey (1991-1994; 3 victims) Killed two women in Lexington, MA, in 1992 and 1994. In 2012, admitted to fatally stabbing a New Hampshire university employee in 1991. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW JERSEY: Shiquan Bellamy (2010; 5 victims) Between February and April, murdered three men and a couple in Jersey City during robberies and an attempted carjacking. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW MEXICO: Clifton Bloomfield (2005-2008; 5 victims) Murdered five people around the state, including a couple. In 2018, he was aided in a prison escape by a guard, but was recaptured. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW YORK: Dmitriy Yakovlev (2003-2007; 3 victims) Russian immigrant who, together with his wife, killed three other Russian emigrants in Brooklyn so he could steal their possessions and bank cards, which he later sold off. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NORTH CAROLINA: Herman Allen (1930-1942; 4 victims) First murdered a boarder in his Johnston County home because he believed he was having an affair with his wife. Convicted of manslaughter and released 11 years later, still believing that people were oogling after his wife, he shot to death his wife, brother-in-law and a man he believed to have been courting her. Executed in 1942. NORTH DAKOTA: Floyd Tapson (1987-1996; 0-3+ victims) Suspected, but not convicted, in killing disabled women at group homes, two in MN (Moorhead and Wadena) and one in Grand Forks. Possibly responsible for similar murders in Baltimore, MD. Sentenced to 75 years for kidnapping in Montana. NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS: None to my knowledge OHIO: Oliver Crook Haugh (1890s-1905; 3-5+ victims) Doctor who murdered his parents and brother in Dayton, and was tied to at least two further murders of concubines in Lorraine and Chicago, IL. Many patients of his, spanning across multiple states dating back to 1890s, died in mysterious circumstances as well. He was also a childhood bully to none other than Wilbur Wright, of the Wright Brothers fame. Executed in 1907. OKLAHOMA: Wayne Garrison (1972-1989; 3 victims) Vicious killer of two toddlers (1972 and 1974) and a 13-year-old Tulsa boy in 1989, whose dismembered remains were found in a lake. His 1970s killings were done while he was still a child. Sentenced to death. OREGON: William Perry Jackson (1980s; 5+ victims) Murdered and robbed people around Portland, sometimes with accomplices. Escaped prison with a convicted bank robber, but later recaptured. Suspect in as many as 30 murders in Oregon and Washington State. Sentenced to life imprisonment. PENNSYLVANIA: Jermaine Burgess (2008: 2+ victims) Career criminal who robbed and murdered two elderly women in Ridley Township and Upper Darby (October 27th and November 10th, respectively). Authorities believe he has committed other murders as well. Sentenced to life imprisonment. PUERTO RICO: Ángel Colón Maldonado (1985-1987; 27 victims) Known as "The Angel of the Bachelors", he lured men for sexual favors, and after he was given various luxurious items, he killed his lovers. Fled to the continental states, but was quickly recaptured. Sentenced to life imprisonment. RHODE ISLAND: Jeffrey Mailhot (2003-2004; 3 victims) Known as "The Rhode Island Ripper", he strangled and then dismembered three prostitutes in his hometown of Woonsocket. Sentenced to life imprisonment. SOUTH CAROLINA: Joseph Ernest Atkins (1969-1986; 3 victims) Shot his brother in North Charleston in 1969. Sentenced to life imprisonment, but his father pleaded for his release, and he was paroled in 1980. Six years later, as an act of gratitude, he shot his father and a 13-year-old neighbor on October 27, 1986. Executed in 1999. SOUTH DAKOTA: Rapid City Creek Drownings (1998-2000; 0-11+ victims) Suspicious deaths of homeless men in Rapid City, six of whom were Native Americans. They stopped just as mysteriously as they began, and authorities believe that they were possibly murdered by a serial offender who might've moved away, presumably to Denver, CO. Unsolved. TENNESSEE: Michael Mullins (1999-2012; 3+ victims) Career criminal and serial rapist who beat and strangled elderly women in Memphis. Strong possibility of additional murders and assaults committed by him. Sentenced to life imprisonment. TEXAS: Tommy Lee Stewart (1971-1986; 3 victims) Abducted and killed a woman in Waco in 1971. Released from prison in 1986 and moved to Port Arthur, where he later murdered a mother and child. Sentenced to life imprisonment. U.S. Virgin Islands: St. Croix Voodoo Poisonings (1984-1988; 5 victims) Five people were poisoned in St. Croix with cyanide, in what appears to be ritualistic slayings. Police suspect a conman, posing as an 'obeah man' (a type of shaman), to be behind the murders. Unsolved. UTAH: Thomas Noffsinger (1989-1990; 3 victims) Strangled and raped two women two months apart in Millcreek and Sandy, and later stabbed a Salt Lake City chef to death in 1990. Sentenced to life imprisonment. VERMONT: Gary Lee Schaefer (1979-1983; 3+ victims) Springfield automechanic who raped and strangled three girls in his hometown. At one time suspected to be responsible for other murders, but this hasn't been proven so far. Sentenced to life imprisonment. VIRGINIA: Walter Cotton and Brandt O'Grady (1898-1900; in the dozens, couldn't determine exact number) An unlikely pair considering the time period (black man and Irish immigrant) who robbed and murdered people around the state, mostly around Emporia. Both were lynched at Greensville by an angry mob in 1900. WASHINGTON: Donna Perry (1990; 3 victims) Known as "The .22 Caliber Killer", who killed three prostitutes in Seattle between February and March 1990. Interestingly, Perry is one of the few known transsexual SKs on record, committing the murders when she still identified as a man. Sentenced to life imprisonment. WEST VIRGINIA: Joseph Eisele (1867; 3 victims) German/Swiss immigrant known as 'The Parkersburg Murderer' who murdered three fellow immigrants for robbery purposes across the state between June and December. Interestingly, another self-confessed SK, Thomas D. Carr, admitted to being his accomplice in one murder, but this was unsubstantiated. Executed in Parkersburg in 1868. WISCONSIN: Alvin Taylor (1985-1988; 4 victims) Nightclub singer who murdered three men in Dunn and Eau Claire Counties, as well as one in the state of Minnesota. Sentenced to psychiatric treatment. WYOMING: Rawlins Rodeo Murders (1974; 4 victims) Over the summer, four young girls disappeared from rodeos in the small town of Rawlins. Only one body was found nine years later in Sinclair, while the others remain missing and are presumed dead. Royal Russell Long, a convicted kidnapper additionally suspected of killing two Oklahoma girls in the 1980s, is the prime suspect, although some theorize Ted Bundy might've been involved. Unsolved.
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2020.06.27 00:48 arcrow05 Some python code that I am having truble to understand

Hello there. I have this code which I do understand for the most part. The program when executed is supposed to create 35 uniqe quizes as txt files with 50 multiple choice questions. Aside from the quizes it will create another 35 txt files which will have the answers for each corresponding quiz. But there are these 2 lines that are making me go crazy. Bellow is the code:
#! python3 # This is a program that will create 35 diferent quizes import random capitals = {'Alabama': 'Montgomery', 'Alaska': 'Juneau', 'Arizona': 'Phoenix', 'Arkansas': 'Little Rock', 'California': 'Sacramento', 'Colorado': 'Denver', 'Connecticut': 'Hartford', 'Delaware': 'Dover', 'Florida': 'Tallahassee', 'Georgia': 'Atlanta', 'Hawaii': 'Honolulu', 'Idaho': 'Boise', 'Illinois': 'Springfield', 'Indiana': 'Indianapolis', 'Iowa': 'Des Moines', 'Kansas': 'Topeka', 'Kentucky': 'Frankfort', 'Louisiana': 'Baton Rouge', 'Maine': 'Augusta', 'Maryland': 'Annapolis', 'Massachusetts': 'Boston', 'Michigan': 'Lansing', 'Minnesota': 'Saint Paul', 'Mississippi': 'Jackson', 'Missouri': 'Jefferson City', 'Montana': 'Helena', 'Nebraska': 'Lincoln', 'Nevada': 'Carson City', 'New Hampshire': 'Concord', 'New Jersey': 'Trenton', 'New Mexico': 'Santa Fe', 'New York': 'Albany', 'North Carolina': 'Raleigh', 'North Dakota': 'Bismarck', 'Ohio': 'Columbus', 'Oklahoma': 'Oklahoma City', 'Oregon': 'Salem', 'Pennsylvania': 'Harrisburg', 'Rhode Island': 'Providence', 'South Carolina': 'Columbia', 'South Dakota': 'Pierre', 'Tennessee': 'Nashville', 'Texas': 'Austin', 'Utah': 'Salt Lake City', 'Vermont': 'Montpelier', 'Virginia': 'Richmond', 'Washington': 'Olympia', 'West Virginia': 'Charleston', 'Wisconsin': 'Madison', 'Wyoming': 'Cheyenne'} for quiznum in range(35): quizfile = open('Quiz%s.txt'%(quiznum+1),'w') answerfile = open('Quizanswer%s.txt'%(quiznum+1),'w') quizfile.write('Name :\n\nDate :\n\nPeriod:\n\n') quizfile.write((' ' * 20) + 'State Capitals Quiz (Form %s)' % (quiznum + 1)) quizfile.write('\n\n') states = list(capitals.keys()) random.shuffle(states) for questionnum in range(50): correctanswer = capitals[states[questionnum]] wronganswers = list(capitals.values()) del wronganswers[wronganswers.index(correctanswer)] wronganswers = random.sample(wronganswers, 3) answeroptions = wronganswers + [correctanswer] #we call random shuffle to randomize the answeroptions random.shuffle(answeroptions) quizfile.write('%s. What is the capital of %s?\n'%(questionnum+1,states[questionnum])) for i in range(4): quizfile.write(' %s. %s\n'%('ABCD'[i], answeroptions[i])) quizfile.write('\n') answerfile.write('%s. %s\n' %(questionnum+1,'ABCD'[answeroptions.index(correctanswer)])) quizfile.close() answerfile.close() 
The following lines of code are the ones that I am having a bit of a hard time understanding:
  1. del wronganswers[wronganswers.index(correctanswer)] can someone help me visualise where this line refers to? Why do we need to use the .index()?
  2. In the line answeroptions = wronganswers + [correctanswer] why is [correctanswer] in square brackets?
I am sorry if my questions are stupid, I am just trying to understand a piece of code.
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2020.06.21 03:27 FrugalLucre Advice on a “destination wedding” that’s only three hours away?

For background, FH and I are paying for the wedding. My fiancé and I are Chicagoans and we’re still hunting for a venue for our November wedding next year. Every place is way out of our price range or too small. So I started looking at venues in Springfield because that’s were we met and lived for years and that’s where a few of our friends live - it’s a familiar place. We found a venue that totally suits our vibes, our budget (like 1/10th of what we’ve seen for Chicago venues alone, not including $10k worth of catering and linens), and we know we like the menu. But it’s a three hour drive.
Only a handful of our wedding guests live in Chicago, but most of our friends live in Illinois spaced out between Chicago and Springfield and are fine with the travel, while any extended relatives are from different states so they’d have to travel anyway but would probably have to still come through Chicago on their journey. My sister also pointed out that our desired date of November might make a treacherous trip because of how unpredictable Illinois weather can be near winter. I don’t feel like I’d be heartbroken if some people don’t show but I hate throwing events for only 1/8th of the crowd size I hope for - it’s disheartening let alone money wasting.
But this is our favorite venue so far and it meets a lot of our check marks: plenty of room for our guests, way under budget venue rental, private space that we might be able to decorate before the wedding date (we’re DIYing a lot), good food and in house kitchen (it’s a restaurant), and a lot of amenities included (linens, tables/chairs, sound system, set up/cleanup, etc...) Should we keep looking for local venues or accept that our guest list will quickly shrink if we hold the wedding three hours away?
View Poll
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2020.05.27 16:11 KingsPenguin First post, I'll start with my last car accident

Tldr: spent a weekend with my girl almost no sleep and crashed at 80mph on a 16 turned 19 hour drive. came out muddy and uninjured. (Me and car)
So as I said above this will be about my most recent car accident, which was about 1 year ago(April 2019).
So I was living in Illinois for about 11 months and I wanted to visit my gf. I'd known her a few years prior due to living in PA most of my life. But only about 6 years knowing her(whole other story).
We'd been dating for around 2 months at this point which was about my 9th month in IL. I decided I want to visit her for my 21st birthday. Which was entirely worth it. So I do the 16 to 17 hour drive up to see her. Basically st.louis MI to Philadelphia. I made i think 5 gas stops on the way which wasn't bad but damn my legs bruh.
Eventually I got there parked my car at my aunt's right outside of Philly, and went to go see her. God was it nice to see her. We went back to her room at temple which had a seventh story view. Relaxed for a minute and then we went to dinner for my 21st. Which was great bc we went to Dave and busters although her being 19 she couldn't drink so I just ordered one.
When we got back we were both tired and well, didn't get much sleep anyway. We woke up pretty early and I wanted to explore my home city bc I hadn't really done so. We went to the Rodin museum (dude's obsessed with hells gate) Rocky steps(i broke my phone there and had to get a new one for GPS home) and a bunch of other stuff. Day 2 maybe another 6 hours sleep(I need a lot of sleep). Day 3 morning and I got my new phone, and was about to leave. My aunt then asks if I wanted to spend the night there before driving home(she recently kicked me out) so I declined bc I didn't have a good relationship with her.
The start of my drive. So when I left I started up my 16 hour drive back and headed on i70 west. I made a couple stops and I got to Springfield Indiana which was a$$ bc I almost got mugged at 12am getting gas. I was already feeling the weight on my eyelids by 11pm. As I got to leave the gas station I realized I had about 5 hours left or so(little blurry bc I was so exhausted). I get back on i70. I don't even remember where I got gas next bc I couldn't see straight anymore(I KNOW I SHOULD'VE STOPPED BEFORE THIS). Eventually I ended up passing out entirely, occasionally blinking awake and trying anything I could to stay awake. As I was still going 80 in my sleep.
The accident. All of a sudden I jerk awake and realized I just hit something in my blink of being awake. In the split second I could tell what was going on. I saw I hit the side of a bridge underpass scraping the passenger side and spinning myself out(learned from the cop who looked at my skid marks) from the wall. I start to turn my steering wheel but I had already passed out again.
Waking up after. I woke up almost instantly after the car stopped. Covered in mud i could barely see through my windshield i then realized oh shit am I in shock. I then started a brief check on my body making sure I wasnt bleeding or stabbed just in case. Then got out of my car and after a few minutes was just screaming at me, my car, the world. You know normal stuff lol. Picked up one of my headlights and threw it in the backseat. Actually still have that headlight in. Eventually after I called the police he showed up at the exact same time the tow truck did. And he was coming from the same place I was going. Which was about an hour 30 away. The tow guys direct my muddy shaken car to a wash station and wish me luck. After it's all cleaned off I continued my drive home very... alert. Got home at 530am when it should've been around 3 or 4am.
Any wondering it's a Pontiac grand prix 04. My first car and I'm finally selling it this week.
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2020.05.02 15:00 portlane Patricia Gazeley (Jan. 9, 1931 - April 29, 2020)

Patricia Bray Gazeley
Jan. 9, 1931 - April 29, 2020
Patricia Joan "Patty" was born in Springfield, Ill., Jan. 9, 1931 to Major D. and Fay Cantrall Bray. She grew up during the Great Depression, and lived with her parents, grandmother and great-grandmother in Springfield in the house built by her great-grandparents. Her mother, grandmother and great-grandmother were all teachers, and she followed their path. Her father worked at the water filtration plant. She graduated from Lamphere High School and Illinois State University.
Her early years centered on church, family, and the neighborhood, so when Patty was recruited to teach out west in the Portland Public Schools, she was thrilled to learn about the wider world. Among the faculty at Gregory Heights (then an elementary school), she met friends who became like family. One of these friends, Jerry Roth, set her up with a blind date after her first PTA meeting. This is how Patty met Bill Gazeley.
Patty and Bill fell in love, married and, though they were both only children, eventually found themselves with four kids - Barb, Mark, Carolyn and Katie. In the early years, Bill worked long days at his family lumber yard and soon started his own business in Tigard, Columbia Hardwood & Moulding, Co. For a year or so, Bill worked a second shift in Garden Home in Southwest Portland, building his family a home. Patty had her hands full with the kids but brought Bill picnic dinners on the construction site. Patty and Bill lived in Garden Home from about 1959, and Patty stayed in their home after Bill's death in 2003 (just days before their 50th wedding anniversary) until she moved to Mirabella.
Patty was curious and open. Nothing was beyond her interest. She wondered about Nostradamus, and whether the kids would be healthier if they took kelp and liver pills. She investigated foot reflexology and tried yoga and tap dancing. She and Bill were faithful members of Valley Community Presbyterian Church and later, Calvin Presbyterian Church. Her faith kept her on a quest to understand God's vast love for us and was never a source of bigotry or fear.
She was a marvelous, straight talking mother who supported her children and helped them explore their interests and potential. Even when money was tight, Patty allowed the kids to buy any book they wanted, and she put aside money for ballet lessons, horseback riding, canoe trips and community theater classes. Patty made sure the family traveled. In the summer of 1967, she and Bill hitched the trailer to the old yellow station wagon and took their four kids for a six week trailer trip, which included stops at: the Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City; the Chief Crazy Horse monument, Black Hills and The Corn Palace in South Dakota; and Bean Station, Tenn., for visits with relatives; among other places.
In the early '70's, as the company grew, she joined Bill to work at Columbia Hardwood & Moulding, Co. as personnel manager. She was a tireless advisor and supporter of Bill and the company and many evening discussions centered around CHM.
Patty drew friends and neighbors together and her teacher friends became the "Five Families," a group that celebrated holidays, shared life, and who maintain close connections even to this day and into the next generation.
She was spirited and forward-thinking. She could be heard saying in the '70's, "Do you know the opposite of a male chauvinist pig? A decent human being." She worked on the S.W. Portland Greenway Bike Path committee to secure a pathway system throughout Washington county, including the Fanno Creek Trail that now edges Patty's and Bill's former home in Garden Home. She was a member of an investment club for over 20 years, and chaired the "Lunch and Learn" committee at the Multnomah Athletic Club. She was a planner who saved and invested enough money to send six grandchildren to college.
Patty and Bill cared about arts, community, their faith and supported many causes including the Oregon Community Foundation. Patty learned of Young Musicians camp and sent all her kids there to learn to play music, speak French, and gain exposure to other faiths. She served on the board of directors of Young Musicians and Artists. In her later years she enjoyed belonging to the Assistance League of Portland.
Patty and Bill discovered the charming town of Neskowin on the Oregon Coast in the early '60's and it became their refuge. After retirement, Patty also indulged Bill in summers in Desolation Sound, off Vancouver Island, on Bill's boat. They hosted friends and family, flying in the kids and grandkids on seaplanes for long weekends of adventures in wild, beautiful and remote places.
Patty passed away April 29, 2020, in peace and surrounded by her family. She is survived by her children, Barb (Tim Evans), Mark (Martha), Carolyn (Brad Van Allen), Katie Twombly (Allan); and her grandchildren, Michael and Patrick Gazeley Romney, Katherine and Jack Van Allen, and Andrew and Elizabeth Gazeley.
A party to celebrate Patty's life will be held after restrictions on gathering are lifted. In the meantime, the family would love to hear your favorite memories of her. Memorial contributions can be made to YMA, Inc. and Veritas School in Newberg.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=patricia-bray-gazeley&pid=196127381
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]


2020.04.20 14:04 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Monday 20th April

Good morning from the UK. I am late today but with good reason, my wife has had a really tough time this weekend with mental health (she is on meds for OCD, anxiety and Bipolar Type 2). Lockdown is tough for us all, but believe me it’s harder still for those with pre-existing mental difficulties. It could be worse, one of her friends (who has been sectioned before for mental breakdowns) is having to manage her mental health whilst fulfilling her duties as an A&E (ER) doctor in Wales. How my wife’s friend does it I have no idea, the stories coming out of UK hospitals are deeply disturbing (this link is 2 weeks old).

Anyway, onto supply chain; this morning I read an article from Forbes about the problems supply chain disruptions can cause. Here’s a lengthy quote:
“Our firm recently polled executives at major corporations around the world to ask them about the operational risks they perceived to their supply chains, and the response strategies they had in place. The results were enlightening. Executives identified a broad range of risks (see chart below), from volatile commodity prices (which 43% considered a major challenge), to protectionism (31%), to piracy (just 7%). That executives identified such a broad range of risks told us that global supply disruption is indeed a top-of-mind issue for managers of global corporations.
When we asked a subsequent question about the strategies in place to mitigate these risks (see chart below), we found no favorites. Rather executives were across the board, choosing a number of different approaches, but not necessarily those best suited to the operational risks they were facing: 33% of respondents indicated that they would make no changes to their supply chains, 20% intended to decrease the number of production locations, and 15% planned to increase the same; and a range of other options as well.
Given the nature of the modern, global corporation and the complex supply network that has developed around it, it is unsurprising that executives have not aligned on a unified strategy to mitigate supply chain risk. No longer does a supply chain consist of a simple process from factory to warehouse to delivery (if indeed it ever did). Rather, as new sources of supply have arisen, new markets have opened, and companies have sought greater scale and specialization. Supply chains have evolved into a network of hundreds of suppliers, sub-contractors and distribution centers, adding tremendous complexity…
...I was recently at a conference of supply chain executives in the United States who told me that planning is dead – the best they could hope to do was respond to risks as they arose. Who has the time, and what is the benefit, of planning in a world of continuous change, demand-driven marketing, and intense pressure for instantaneous responses?...
...In an environment where changes in global supply chain can be as sudden as they are unscripted, companies have to arm themselves with both foresight and peripheral vision, an understanding of the long-term, and agility to deal with the short-term. More than ever, companies have to provision for multiple scenarios and they can only do that by engaging in a dynamic and multi-dimensional scenario-based strategic planning process.”
----------
I like the last two paragraphs of the article in particular. In case anyone wants to read the rest of the article, it’s dated May 2010 and written in reaction to the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull and the chaos it caused to supply chains around the world. Plus ça change; it seems some boardrooms didn’t adjust their supply chains after that black swan event (maybe due to the cost and the resulting negative shareholder pushback). Link to the story.

Virus news in depth

Our Pandemic Summer: The fight against the coronavirus won’t be over when the U.S. reopens. Here’s how the nation must prepare itself. - The Atlantic has written a lengthy article about what the mid-long term looks like for the US in relation to getting back to normal after Covid-19. “I think people haven’t understood that this isn’t about the next couple of weeks,” said Michael Osterholm, an infectious-disease epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota. “This is about the next two years.” The article goes on to look at the pharmaceutical supply chain; “According to a University of Minnesota analysis, about 40 percent of the 156 drugs that are essential parts of critical care are becoming limited. Many of these depend on supply chains that involve China (where the pandemic began), Italy (the hardest-hit region in Europe), or India (which halted several exports)” … “Albuterol, the drug used in asthma inhalers, is scarce. Antibiotics, which control the secondary bacterial infections that afflict COVID-19 patients, are being depleted. Basic painkillers and sedatives, which are needed to keep patients on ventilators, are being exhausted. Hydroxychloroquine, the drug that Trump has repeatedly touted as a COVID-19 treatment despite a lack of good evidence, is running out, to the detriment of people with lupus and arthritis who depend on it. “It’s like everything we give to patients, we’re in short supply of,” said Esther Choo, an emergency physician at Oregon Health and Science University. “We’re now scrambling to find the backup medications, and we’ll run out of those too.””
(cont’d) If it turns out that, say, 20 percent of the U.S. has been infected, that would mean the coronavirus is more transmissible but less deadly than scientists think. It would also mean that a reasonable proportion of the country has some immunity. If that proportion could be slowly and safely raised to the level necessary for herd immunity—60 to 80 percent, depending on the virus’s transmissibility—the U.S. might not need to wait for a vaccine. However, if just 1 to 5 percent of the population has been infected—the range that many researchers think is likelier—that would mean “this is a truly devastating virus, and we have built up no real population immunity,” said Michael Mina, an epidemiologist and immunologist at Harvard. “Then we’re in dire straits in terms of how to move forward.” The article is lengthy and also discusses options for reopening the economy and society in the USA.

Virus news in brief


My usual sources are as normal The Guardian and CNN live blogs unless otherwise specified.















Personal note: If you are on the Eastern seaboard of the US and in a hurricane prone area, it would be a good idea to review your hurricane plans and supplies now, e.g do you have a generator and does it work, spare fuel, batteries, candles, do you have enough long life food already stored + cleaning products, do you have an alternative method of cooking food, what’s your evacuation plan, etc etc. See https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-plan for help with this and note FEMA is already under a lot of strain due to the virus and would thus likely struggle with a major hurricane impact on the US seaboard - see also this USA Today article dated 6th April this year on that topic).



Supply chain news in depth


Susceptibilities of Solar Energy Supply Chains - The Global policy journal has written a detailed review of the supply chain disruption faced by the solar panel industry here. Whilst manufacturing was significantly reduced from January to March in China (down 13.5%) and is now almost fully recovered, its reliance on materials from around the world mean the supply chain is exposed in other parts. China has the majority market share in the mining or processing of most minerals used in solar panels, such as: silicon, aluminum, selenium, tellurium, arsenic, cadmium, and gallium. However, China still depends on many other countries to complete their solar panels, such as Peru for copper, Saudi Arabian oil for energy, and Japan for silicon wafers. In mid-March, Chinese owned mining company MMG Ltd reduced operations at its Peruvian copper mine after Peru declared a state of emergency in response to the coronavirus. Due to the damaged mining link in the supply chain, an initial spike in solar module price is expected due to shortages of materials for solar wafers and module glass, affecting the solar industry for months to come. Kangping Chen, the CEO of the top solar module supplier in the world, JinkoSolar, stated that around 400-500MW of Q1 2020 shipments are likely to be postponed to Q2 2020. The 500 MW postponement is approximately 14% of JinkoSolar’s 3.6GW quarterly solar panels production last year. The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) stated that “before the pandemic hit, the solar industry was poised to set a record for deployment in 2020,” with solar installers being America’s fastest growing profession. A new SEIA survey now suggests cancellation rates for residential solar systems in the US are now at 19%, with postponement rates hitting upwards of 50% in some areas.

Illinois adjusts on the fly to meet medical supply needs in a coronavirus ‘Wild West’ - The Chicago Sun Times details a story from about two weeks ago where Illinois officials tracked down a supply of 1.5 million potentially life-saving N95 respirator masks in China through a middleman in the Chicago area and negotiated a deal to buy them. One day before they were expecting to complete the purchase, they got a call in the morning from the supplier informing them he had to get a check to the bank by 2 p.m. that day, or the deal was off. Other bidders had surfaced. Realizing there was no way the supplier could get to Springfield and back by the deadline, Illinois assistant comptroller Ellen Andres jumped in her car and raced north on I-55 with a check for $3,469,600. That’s just a taste of the “Wild West” world of emergency procurement taking place over the past several weeks as the state fights for equipment and supplies to protect frontline workers and patients in the battle against COVID-19. Most of that work is being performed by Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s administration through a rapid-procurement strike team, pulling together procurement specialists from around state government under the auspices of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. As Pritzker has made clear at his daily briefings, it’s an effort made all the more difficult by the absence of a strong, coordinated White House response. That’s left Illinois competing against other states, foreign nations and even our own federal government for the same materials. They’re all looking for what we have come to know as PPE or personal protective equipment — masks, gloves, gowns and face shields — plus coronavirus testing kits and swabs and, most prized of all, ventilators to help those most seriously ill keep breathing.

SWABS, STAT! Inside the Maine factory racing to supply America with virus test swabs. - If you’ve ever used a home DNA kit, opened wide and said “ahh,” or measured the depth of a knife wound in a stabbing victim, chances are you’ve used a device made by Puritan Medical Products Co, says Bloomberg. And if you’re tested for Covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, it’s quite likely that the swab used to collect a sample from inside your nose will have been made by Puritan, too. Located in Guilford, Maine (population 1,521), Puritan is one of two companies that make essentially all of the swabs used for coronavirus testing. (The other, Copan Diagnostics Inc., is in Italy, an epicenter of the deadly virus.)
(Cont’d) “Swabs could be a weak link in broadening testing,” former U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb tweeted on March 16. That was four days after Puritan first started getting calls from the U.S. government, according to Timothy Templet, executive vice president for global sales, who entered the conversations himself shortly thereafter. “I’ve been on the phone since Saturday with many government organizations—Health and Human Services, FDA, working groups—just trying to provide accurate information regarding the ability to produce as many swabs for the country as we possibly can,” he says. The federal government, however, doesn’t buy directly from Puritan. Instead it helps coordinate with Puritan and other medical suppliers and distributors to get the swabs where they need to go. “We are ramping up to produce and wrap a million swabs a week that we need to put into the supply chain across the U.S.,” Templet says. His problem? Not enough machines or labour to meet demand.

**In Pursuit of PPE (**Or if you prefer, “how I managed to buy some PPE on the American black market for my hospital”) - The New England Journal of Medicine is not something I often read (Actually I’ve never read it before in my life) but this article caught my eye: As a chief physician executive, I rarely get involved in my health system’s supply-chain activities. The Covid-19 pandemic has changed that. Protecting our caregivers is essential so that these talented professionals can safely provide compassionate care to our patients. Yet we continue to be stymied by a lack of personal protective equipment (PPE), and the cavalry does not appear to be coming. Deals, some bizarre and convoluted, and many involving large sums of money, have dissolved at the last minute when we were outbid or outmuscled, sometimes by the federal government. Then we got lucky, but getting the supplies was not easy.
(Cont’d) A lead came from an acquaintance of a friend of a team member. After several hours of vetting, we grew confident of the broker’s professional pedigree and the potential to secure a large shipment of three-ply face masks and N95 respirators. The latter were KN95 respirators, N95s that were made in China. We received samples to confirm that they could be successfully fit-tested. Despite having cleared this hurdle, we remained concerned that the samples might not be representative of the bulk of the products that we would be buying. Having acquired the requisite funds — more than five times the amount we would normally pay for a similar shipment, but still less than what was being requested by other brokers — we set the plan in motion. Three members of the supply-chain team and a fit tester were flown to a small airport near an industrial warehouse in the mid-Atlantic region. I arrived by car to make the final call on whether to execute the deal. Two semi-trailer trucks, cleverly marked as food-service vehicles, met us at the warehouse. When fully loaded, the trucks would take two distinct routes back to Massachusetts to minimize the chances that their contents would be detained or redirected.
(Cont’d) Hours before our planned departure, we were told to expect only a quarter of our original order. We went anyway, since we desperately needed any supplies we could get. Upon arrival, we were jubilant to see pallets of KN95 respirators and face masks being unloaded. We opened several boxes, examined their contents, and hoped that this random sample would be representative of the entire shipment. Before we could send the funds by wire transfer, two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents arrived, showed their badges, and started questioning me. No, this shipment was not headed for resale or the black market. The agents checked my credentials, and I tried to convince them that the shipment of PPE was bound for hospitals. After receiving my assurances and hearing about our health system’s urgent needs, the agents let the boxes of equipment be released and loaded into the trucks. But I was soon shocked to learn that the Department of Homeland Security was still considering redirecting our PPE. Only some quick calls leading to intervention by our congressional representative prevented its seizure. I remained nervous and worried on the long drive back, feelings that did not abate until midnight, when I received the call that the PPE shipment was secured at our warehouse.

Supply chain news in brief








Good news section


Deserted Thai beaches lure rare turtles to build most nests in 20 years - Thailand has found the largest number of nests of rare leatherback sea turtles in two decades on beaches bereft of tourists because of the coronavirus pandemic, environmentalists say. In Thailand, with 2,765 infections and 47 deaths, travel curbs ranging from a ban on international flights to an appeal to citizens to stay home have brought a collapse in tourist numbers, but freed up the beaches for wildlife. The 11 turtle nests authorities have found since last November were the highest number in 20 years, said Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, the director of the Phuket Marine Biological Center. “This is a very good sign for us because many areas for spawning have been destroyed by humans,” he told Reuters. No such nests had been found for the previous five years. Leatherbacks are the world’s largest sea turtles. They are considered endangered in Thailand, and listed as a vulnerable species globally by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They lay their eggs in dark and quiet areas, scarce when tourists thronged the beaches. People have also been known to dig into their nests and steal eggs. (link)

Minnesota trooper's roadside gesture during traffic stop brings doctor to tears - A state trooper pulled over a doctor for speeding on an east-central Minnesota interstate, told her she should know better and sent her on her way grateful for receiving only a warning and not a ticket. The trooper also gave her a fistful of coveted N95 medical masks that were issued for his protection from the deadly coronavirus pandemic. “I burst into tears,” Dr. Sarosh Ashraf Janjua, a Boston native and cardiologist, wrote in a detailed Facebook account of the traffic stop on March 21 along Interstate 35 in North Branch as she traveled from work in Duluth for a break in Minneapolis. “I think he teared up a little as well before wishing me well and walking away.” Janjua also saw the masks handed to her as having value beyond their role in stemming the virus’ spread. “This complete stranger, who owed me nothing and is more on the front lines than I am, shared his precious masks with me, without my even asking,” she wrote. “The veil of civilization may be thin, but not all that lies behind it is savage. We are going to be OK.” (Star Tribune link)
submitted by Fwoggie2 to supplychain [link] [comments]


2020.04.09 21:56 lilpumpski ValueError: I/O operations on closed file??

I am getting an error that I have no idea how to combat.
I have been looking at indentation to see if that would help but I am lost
The project is: Generating Random Quiz Files
Prompt:
Say you’re a geography teacher with 35 students in your class and you want to give a pop quiz on US state capitals. Alas, your class has a few bad eggs in it, and you can’t trust the students not to cheat. You’d like to randomize the order of questions so that each quiz is unique, making it impossible for anyone to crib answers from anyone else. Of course, doing this by hand would be a lengthy and boring affair. Fortunately, you know some Python.
Here is what the program does:
  1. Creates 35 different quizzes
  2. Creates 50 multiple-choice questions for each quiz, in random order
  3. Provides the correct answer and three random wrong answers for each question, in random order
  4. Writes the quizzes to 35 text files
  5. Writes the answer keys to 35 text files
This means the code will need to do the following:
  1. Store the states and their capitals in a dictionary
  2. Call open(), write(), and close() for the quiz and answer key text files
  3. Use random.shuffle() to randomize the order of the questions and multiple-choice options
    https://automatetheboringstuff.com/2e/chapter9/




Here is my code:
#! python3 # Project: Genereating Random Quiz File # create skeleton script and fill in with # quiz data import random # random order for multiplae choice # The quiz data. Key = states. Value = capitals capitals = {'Alabama': 'Montgomery', 'Alaska': 'Juneau', 'Arizona': 'Phoenix', 'Arkansas': 'Little Rock', 'California': 'Sacramento', 'Colorado': 'Denver', 'Connecticut': 'Hartford', 'Delaware': 'Dover', 'Florida': 'Tallahassee', 'Georgia': 'Atlanta', 'Hawaii': 'Honolulu', 'Idaho': 'Boise', 'Illinois': 'Springfield', 'Indiana': 'Indianapolis', 'Iowa': 'Des Moines', 'Kansas': 'Topeka', 'Kentucky': 'Frankfort', 'Louisiana': 'Baton Rouge', 'Maine': 'Augusta', 'Maryland': 'Annapolis', 'Massachusetts': 'Boston', 'Michigan': 'Lansing', 'Minnesota': 'Saint Paul', 'Mississippi': 'Jackson', 'Missouri': 'Jefferson City', 'Montana': 'Helena', 'Nebraska': 'Lincoln', 'Nevada': 'Carson City', 'New Hampshire': 'Concord', 'New Jersey': 'Trenton', 'New Mexico': 'Santa Fe', 'New York': 'Albany', 'North Carolina': 'Raleigh', 'North Dakota': 'Bismarck', 'Ohio': 'Columbus', 'Oklahoma': 'Oklahoma City', 'Oregon': 'Salem', 'Pennsylvania': 'Harrisburg', 'Rhode Island': 'Providence', 'South Carolina': 'Columbia', 'South Dakota': 'Pierre', 'Tennessee': 'Nashville', 'Texas': 'Austin', 'Utah': 'Salt Lake City', 'Vermont': 'Montpelier', 'Virginia': 'Richmond', 'Washington': 'Olympia', 'West Virginia': 'Charleston', 'Wisconsin': 'Madison', 'Wyoming': 'Cheyenne'} # generate 35 quiz files. for quizNum in range(35): # Create the quiz and answer key files. quizFile = open(f'capitalsquiz{quizNum+1}.txt', 'w') # file name for quizes will be capitalsquiz.txt # where  is a unique number for the quiz that comes from quizNum answerKeyFile = open(f'capitalquiz_answers{quizNum+1}.txt','w') # The answer key for capitalsquiz.txt # will be stored in a text file named capitalsquiz_answers.txt. # Each time through the loop, # the {quizNum + 1} placeholder in f'capitalsquiz{quizNum + 1}.txt # and f'capitalsquiz_answers{quizNum + 1}.txt' # will be replaced by the unique number, # Write our header for the quiz quizFile.write('Name:\n\nDate:\n\nPeriod:\n\n') quizFile.write((''*20)+f'State Capitals Quiz (Form{quizNum + 1})') quizFile.write('\n\n') # create a quiz header for the student to fill out #Shuffle the order of states states=list(capitals.keys()) random.shuffle(states) # Multiple choices from A to D # Create a for loop # generate the content for each of the 50 questions on the quiz # third for loop nested inside to genreate the multiple-choice options # Loop through all 50 states making a question for each for questionNum in range(50): #Get right and wrong answers, correctAnswer = capitals[states[questionNum]] wrongAnswers = list(capitals.values()) del wrongAnswers[wrongAnswers.index(correctAnswer)] wrongAnswers = random.sample(wrongAnswers, 3) answerOptions = wrongAnswers + [correctAnswer] random.shuffle(answerOptions) # must randomize to the corect response isnt always D # Write the questions and answer options to the quiz file quizFile.write(f'{questionNum + 1}. What is the capital of{states[questionNum]}?\n') for i in range(4): quizFile.write(f" {'ABCD'[i]}. { answerOptions[i]}\n") # expression 'ABCD[i]' treats the string ABCD as an array # and evaluates to 'A','B', 'C', and then 'D' # on each respective iteration through the loop quizFile.write('\n') #Write the answer key to a file answerKeyFile.write(f"{questionNum + 1}.{'ABCD'[answerOptions.index(correctAnswer)]}") # answerOptions.index(correctAnswer) will find the integer index of the correct answer # in the randomly ordered answer options # 'ABCD'[answerOptions.index(correctAnswer)] will evaluate to # the correct answer’s letter to be written to the answer key file. quizFile.close() answerKeyFile.close() 

Here is my error:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "c:\users\\mu_code\randomquizgenerator.py", line 100, in  quizFile.write(f" {'ABCD'[i]}. { answerOptions[i]}\n") ValueError: I/O operation on closed file. 

I have no idea how to solve this.
submitted by lilpumpski to learnpython [link] [comments]


2020.03.20 22:15 QuickDecisionMaker MASSMAIL - Statewide stay-at-home order

March 20, 2020
Dear faculty, staff and students:
Today, Gov. J.B. Pritzker issued a stay-at-home order for residents of Illinois, part of the state’s ongoing efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19. The order will be in effect through April 7 to keep people home as much as possible and minimize the person-to-person contact that has fueled the global pandemic.
Because of actions we have taken to date, the governor’s order is very consistent with what we are already doing. Faculty and students are transitioning to online and alternative learning mechanisms for the rest of the semester and many of our employees are already working remotely. It has been a herculean effort and we are grateful to all members of our campus communities who have worked so hard to enact such a swift changeover.
Going forward, we will add the following to comply with the new order:
Employees will work remotely other than those in essential jobs defined in the order, such as police, healthcare workers, power plant operators, and housing and dining personnel. Employees who have specific questions about whether this announcement changes their current working arrangement should ask their supervisor.
Unless in essential jobs, faculty and staff should stay at home except when pursuing essential activities related to healthcare, pharmacy and grocery shopping, gas stations, banking, drive-through and carry-out restaurants, and home-based care for children and seniors.
Students, we are here for you and we are so proud of you! Please help us prevent transmission by staying in your residence halls, apartments, and permanent homes as much as possible while we clamp down on this virus. And use the technologies that you are so good at to stay connected to our universities.
Now, let’s keep showing the way. Our healthcare professionals at UIC and across the state are on the front lines, caring for patients while addressing the epidemic. Faculty across our three universities are sharing their expertise with the Governor’s Office, including an Urbana-Champaign epidemiological study that demonstrates how heightened social distancing can slow the outbreak and prevent a shortage of intensive-care unit beds across the state. In fact, Gov. Pritzker has praised the U of I System’s contributions, which also include providing up-to-date research on the control of infectious diseases, emergency preparedness and public health.
All of you share the credit. Thank you for your concern and compassion for each other and for embracing our collective responsibility to curb the spread of the virus across this state that we are so proud to serve.
Sincerely,
Tim Killeen, President, University of Illinois System Barb Wilson, Executive Vice President and VP for Academic Affairs, University of Illinois System Robert J. Jones, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Michael D. Amiridis, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Chicago Susan J. Koch, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Springfield
Additional resources:
University of Illinois System Urbana-Champaign UIC UIS

This mailing approved by: Office of the President
sent to: Everyone
submitted by QuickDecisionMaker to UIUC [link] [comments]


2020.03.12 01:26 eldigg University of Illinois System COVID-19 Policies

https://emails.uofi.uillinois.edu/newslette7412930.html
Dear faculty, staff and students:
We write today to share new policies for the University of Illinois System and its universities in Urbana-Champaign, Chicago and Springfield, all designed to protect the health and welfare of our students, faculty and staff amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.
The proactive policies are focused squarely on doing our part to help curb the virus. Fortunately, there have been no confirmed cases among our faculty, staff and students. But such cases have been increasing in Illinois and our experts say early intervention is the best option to limit the spread.
Our policies will adopt best practices endorsed by state and national health officials by minimizing face-to-face exposure in classrooms and other types of large gatherings, and by limiting international and domestic travel. They were developed with guidance from the leading-edge healthcare experts across our universities, who have been consulting daily with a leadership team composed of the president, the chancellors and the provosts from all three universities. We will continue to monitor the outbreak and stay in constant contact with the Governor’s Office, the Illinois Department of Public Health, local health departments, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other universities around the state and the nation.
The new policies were carefully crafted to safeguard our students, faculty and staff without compromising the world-class education and the groundbreaking research discovery that are synonymous with the U of I System. They are:
Instruction
Courses at each of our three universities will immediately begin migrating to online or alternative delivery mechanisms to provide the social distancing that helps limit transmission of the virus, with a goal of completion by March 23. Classes will be held at their currently scheduled times. Online and other alternative learning methods will continue until further notice, but our expectation is that it will be temporary and students will be updated regularly via email and updates on system and university websites. Students have the option of studying remotely from home or from their campus residence after spring break. Our campuses will remain open and ready to serve students, including residence and dining halls. Each university will provide specific guidance for their students regarding both academic and housing arrangements. Faculty and staff will continue their work on campus, including research, and human resources offices will provide guidance for work conditions that foster safety and for employees who suspect exposure or infection and must self-quarantine. Events
Events with more than 50 attendees that are university-sponsored or hosted by registered student organizations will be suspended indefinitely, effective Friday, March 13. Events may occur via livestream or other telecommunications, or be postponed to a future date. Please check with each university for specific guidance. Travel
All university-sponsored international travel is prohibited, along with non-essential domestic travel until further notice. Personal international travel is strongly discouraged, and we urge caution and the exercise of good judgment for personal domestic travel. Leaders of our three universities will share further information for how these policies will be implemented to address the specific educational and safety needs of their campus communities. UI Hospital and clinics will provide additional protocols to address the unique needs in providing care for their patients.
We recognize the many challenges this will create for our students, faculty and staff. We pledge to do everything in our power to support you during this temporary move to safeguard your health and the health of people in the communities we call home.
Our policies are rooted in our expert scientific knowledge base and exhibit an abundance of caution to take care of each other until the COVID-19 outbreak eases. We are all in this together, and appreciate your support and understanding.
Sincerely,
Tim Killeen, President, University of Illinois System Barbara J. Wilson, Executive Vice President and Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of Illinois System Robert J. Jones, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Michael D. Amiridis, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Chicago Susan J. Koch, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Springfield
Additional resources:
Urbana-Champaign
UIC
UIS
submitted by eldigg to UIUC [link] [comments]


2020.03.12 00:29 DisposableUIC The moment you've all been waiting for.

Sent to staff:
Click here to see this online
Dear faculty, staff and students:
We write today to share new policies for the University of Illinois System and its universities in Urbana-Champaign, Chicago and Springfield, all designed to protect the health and welfare of our students, faculty and staff amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.
The proactive policies are focused squarely on doing our part to help curb the virus. Fortunately, there have been no confirmed cases among our faculty, staff and students. But such cases have been increasing in Illinois and our experts say early intervention is the best option to limit the spread.
Our policies will adopt best practices endorsed by state and national health officials by minimizing face-to-face exposure in classrooms and other types of large gatherings, and by limiting international and domestic travel. They were developed with guidance from the leading-edge healthcare experts across our universities, who have been consulting daily with a leadership team composed of the president, the chancellors and the provosts from all three universities. We will continue to monitor the outbreak and stay in constant contact with the Governor’s Office, the Illinois Department of Public Health, local health departments, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other universities around the state and the nation.
The new policies were carefully crafted to safeguard our students, faculty and staff without compromising the world-class education and the groundbreaking research discovery that are synonymous with the U of I System. They are:
Instruction
Courses at each of our three universities will immediately begin migrating to online or alternative delivery mechanisms to provide the social distancing that helps limit transmission of the virus, with a goal of completion by March 23. Classes will be held at their currently scheduled times. Online and other alternative learning methods will continue until further notice, but our expectation is that it will be temporary and students will be updated regularly via email and updates on system and university websites. Students have the option of studying remotely from home or from their campus residence after spring break. Our campuses will remain open and ready to serve students, including residence and dining halls. Each university will provide specific guidance for their students regarding both academic and housing arrangements. Faculty and staff will continue their work on campus, including research, and human resources offices will provide guidance for work conditions that foster safety and for employees who suspect exposure or infection and must self-quarantine. Events
Events with more than 50 attendees that are university-sponsored or hosted by registered student organizations will be suspended indefinitely, effective Friday, March 13. Events may occur via livestream or other telecommunications, or be postponed to a future date. Please check with each university for specific guidance. Travel
All university-sponsored international travel is prohibited, along with non-essential domestic travel until further notice. Personal international travel is strongly discouraged, and we urge caution and the exercise of good judgment for personal domestic travel. Leaders of our three universities will share further information for how these policies will be implemented to address the specific educational and safety needs of their campus communities. UI Hospital and clinics will provide additional protocols to address the unique needs in providing care for their patients.
We recognize the many challenges this will create for our students, faculty and staff. We pledge to do everything in our power to support you during this temporary move to safeguard your health and the health of people in the communities we call home.
Our policies are rooted in our expert scientific knowledge base and exhibit an abundance of caution to take care of each other until the COVID-19 outbreak eases. We are all in this together, and appreciate your support and understanding.
Sincerely,
Tim Killeen, President, University of Illinois System Barbara J. Wilson, Executive Vice President and Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of Illinois System Robert J. Jones, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Michael D. Amiridis, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Chicago Susan J. Koch, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Springfield
Additional resources: Urbana-Champaign UIC UIS
submitted by DisposableUIC to uichicago [link] [comments]


2020.03.10 10:39 Winstonp00 MEGATHREAD: Colleges announcing cancellations due to COVID-19

CHANGES: Due to more and more colleges cancelling, which is good because that was the point of this post, it is becoming increasingly difficult to keep up. Starting now, I will not add your university unless your comment specifically includes all of the info for me to add, in the format of Name, From, Until, and a source. Date announced is assumed to be the date you made your post, unless otherwise specified.
Thought it'd be nice to consolidate them somewhere. The below list is fairly close to chronological order. I suspect that the shutdowns announced on Monday have essentially forced a lot of colleges' hands into shutting down: any school that hasn't announced a shutdown by the end of today will just look bad. Here's the list of schools so far that have cancelled classes in some major capacity:
Vacate dorms means the school has asked all students to move out of dorms. Extended means the school had originally announced cancellations, but added more dates or restrictions following it.
School Date announced In effect from Effective until Precautions
University of Washington March 5 March 6 March 29
Lake Washington Institute of Technology March 5 March 6 March 22
Stanford University March 6 March 6 Indefinitely Vacate dorms; Extended
University of Southern California (USC) March 6 March 11 March 29 Extended
Seattle University March 6 March 9 March 29
Columbia University March 8 March 9 March 29 Extended
Rice University March 8 March 9 March 13
Princeton University March 8 March 23 Indefinitely
Fordham University March 8 March 9 Indefinitely
University of California, Berkeley March 9 March 10 End of semester Extended
New York University (NYU) March 9 March 11 March 29
University of California, San Diego March 9 March 30 End of Spring Quarter Lab classes can continue
Santa Clara University March 9 March 10 April 13
Vanderbilt University March 9 March 9 March 30
Amherst College March 9 March 12 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
San Francisco State University March 9 March 10 April 5
City College of San Francisco March 9 March 10 May 21
The Ohio State University March 10 March 10 Indefinitely Vacate dorms.
Harvard University March 10 March 15 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
San Jose State University March 10 March 10 March 13
Berea College March 10 March 13 Semester declared over Vacate dorms
Smith College March 10 March 30 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
American University March 10 March 18 April 3
Grinnell College March 10 March 23 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Westchester University of Pennsylvania March 10 March 30 Rest of the semester
Rutgers University March 10 March 12 April 3
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute March 10 March 12 March 30
Case Western Reserve University March 10 March 10 Indefinitely
University of California, Santa Cruz March 10 March 11 April 3 Lab classes can continue
Rowan University March 10 March 16 March 27 Spring break extended (not online class)
Indiana University March 10 March 23 April 5
Akron University March 10 March 10 Indefinitely Classes cancelled from today, will resume online after Spring Break
Kent State University March 10 March 10 April 12 Classes cancelled from today, will resume Monday
Texas A&M University March 10 March 10 March 18
Tiffin University March 10 March 10 March 29
University of Toledo March 10 March 16 Indefinitely
Skidmore College March 10 March 10 March 22
The New School March 10 March 23 March 27
Syracuse University March 10 March 13 March 29 Students are encouraged to leave ASAP
Sacred Heart University March 10 March 11 March 29 Lab classes can continue
University of New Haven March 10 March 10 March 25 Vacate dorms
University of California, Santa Barbara March 10 March 11 End of quarter Extended
University of California, Riverside March 10 March 11 Through Spring Quarter
Purdue University March 10 March 23 Indefinitely
Miami University March 10 March 10 April 12
Cornell University March 10 April 6 Indefinitely
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) March 10 March 16 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Babson College March 10 March 13 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
University of California, Davis March 10 March 16 March 20 In-person exams cancelled
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee March 10 March 13 March 29 Spring break extended
Quinnipiac University March 10 March 16 March 22 Monday and Tuesday cancelled, begin online Wednesday
University of Dayton March 10 March 10 April 3 Two weeks break, two weeks online
Stark State College March 10 ? ?
Northeast Ohio Medical University March 10 March 11 April 3
Colorado College March 10 March 11 April 27
Mount Holyoke College March 10 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
University of Cincinnati March 10 March 16 April 13
Duke University March 10 March 23 Indefinitely
University of California, Los Angeles March 10 March 11 End of quarter Extended
Tufts University March 10 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
University of California, Irvine March 10 March 16 Indefinitely
Molloy College March 10 March 10 March 28
Johns Hopkins University March 10 March 11 April 12
San Diego State University March 10 April 6 Indefinitely
University of Maryland March 10 March 23 April 10
West Virginia University March 10 March 16 Indefinitely Spring break extended
Xavier University, Ohio March 10 March 10 April 14
Yale University March 10 March 16 April 15 Spring break currently
Ramapo College March 10 March 16 April 5 Spring break extended
Southern Connecticut State University March 10 March 10 April 5
George Washington University March 10 March 23 April 5
Bowie State University March 10 March 12 April 5
Morgan University March 10 March 16 April 5
Denison University March 10 March 23 April 3
Stockton University March 10 March 23 April 5 Spring break extended through March 25
Western Washington University March 10 March 11 March 20
Bucknell University March 10 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Michigan State University March 11 March 11 April 20
Washington University in St. Louis March 11 March 11 April 30 Vacate dorms
Boston University March 11 March 16 April 13
University of Iowa March 11 March 23 April 3
University of Colorado, Boulder March 11 March 13 End of semester
Bryn Mawr College March 11 March 11 April 3 May be extended
Haverford College March 11 March 11 April 3 May be extended
Central Michigan University March 11 March 16 March 22 Spring break currently, online begins next week. May be extended
University of Massachusetts Lowell March 11 March 11 April 3
University of Massachusetts Amherst March 11 March 11 April 3
University of Virginia March 11 March 19 April 3
Pepperdine University March 11 March 16 End of semester
University of Notre Dame March 11 March 16 April 3 No class week of March 16, online begins March 23
Northeastern University March 11 March 12 Indefinitely
Michigan Tech University March 11 March 16 Indefinitely
Gallaudet University March 11 March 23 End of semester
California State University, Long Beach March 11 March 12 April 20 No class March 12-17, online begins March 18
University of Wisconsin-Madison March 11 March 23 April 10 Spring break currently
State University of New York (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 19 End of semester
City University of New York (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 19 End of semester
University of Wisconsin, La Crosse March 11 March 12 April 10 Cancelled through March 27
University of Minnesota (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 19 April 1 Campuses on spring break extended, those still with classes continue until March 18
University of the Cumberlands March 11 March 16 March 27
Millersville University March 11 March 31 Indefinitely Spring break extended through March 27
University of Louisville March 11 March 18 April 5
Washington State University March 11 March 23 Indefinitely
University of Michigan March 11 March 16 April 21 Class cancelled through 15th
Baylor University March 11 March 23 April 3
Virginia Tech March 11 March 23 End of semester
University of Rhode Island March 11 March 16 April 3
Wheaton College March 11 March 23 End of semester
Carnegie Mellon University March 11 March 17 Indefinitely
University of Pittsburgh March 11 March 23 End of semester Vacate dorms.
Emory University March 11 March 23 End of semester Vacate dorms.
University of Pennsylvania March 11 March 16 End of semester Vacate dorms.
Roanoke College March 11 March 12 April 3 Vacate dorms.
University of Oregon March 11 March 15 April 21
University of Illinois (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 11 March 23
Grand Valley State University March 11 March 11 March 29
Northern Michigan University March 11 March 11 April 3
Western Michigan University March 11 March 11 April 3
Saginaw Valley State University March 11 March 11 April 17
Boston College March 11 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms.
Brandeis University March 11 March 20 Indefinitely Vacate dorms.
Tulane University March 11 March 12 Indefinitely Vacate dorms.
George Mason University March 11 March 23 April 3
University of Missouri - Columbia March 11 March 11 March 30
University of Tennessee (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 23 April 3
Ball State University March 11 March 11 End of semester
Texas Christian University March 11 March 16 April 3 Spring break extended
University of Texas-Austin March 11 March 16 March 29 Spring break extended
Oregon State University March 11 March 16 End of spring term
Orange Coast College March 11 March 16 Indefinitely
University of Houston March 11 March 16 Indefinitely Class cancelled through March 20. Online beyond.
University of Connecticut (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 23 April 6
Harvey Mudd College March 11 March 11 Indefinitely Those who leave for spring break cannot return
State University System of Florida (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 16 March 30 (FGC, FIU, FPU, and UF), April 6 (remaining)
Shepherd University March 11 March 13 March 29 Spring break extended.
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona March 11 March 13 April 3
Temple University March 11 March 13 Indefinitely
University of Kansas March 11 March 16 March 28
Concordia University March 11 March 16 April 13
Pennsylvania State University March 11 March 16 April 3
Springfield College March 11 March 16 March 29 Spring break extended
Wesleyan University March 11 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
University of Chicago March 11 March 11 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Truman State University March 11 March 16 March 20
University of Arizona March 11 March 18 April 6
Arizona State University March 11 March 16 March 29
California Institute of Technology (Caltech) March 11 March 12 March 30
University of North Carolina (ALL CAMPUSES) March 11 March 11 Indefinitely Some campuses extended spring break.
Rhode Island School of Design March 12 March 22 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Brown University March 12 March 22 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
University of Georgia system (ALL CAMPUSES) March 12 March 16 March 29
Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system (ALL CAMPUSES) March 12 March 16 March 29
Vermont university system (ALL CAMPUSES) March 12 March 15 April 3
Dartmouth College March 12 March 16 May 1 Those out of campus at the moment cannot return.
University of Alabama March 12 March 13 April 6 Spring break extended, online begins March 30
Arkansas State University March 12 March 13 April 10
Eckerd College March 12 March 30 Indefinitely Vacate dorms. Class cancelled through 29th.
Henderson State University March 12 March 13 April 13
Lawrence University of Appleton March 12 March 29 Indefinitely Spring break extended through 29th.
California State University, Fresno March 12 March 20 April 27
Southwestern Oklahoma State University March 12 March 23 April 3 Spring break extended.
Canisius College March 12 March 23 April 6 Vacate dorms
Brighham Young University March 12 March 18 Indefinitely
Simmons University March 13 March 23 Indefinitely Vacate dorms
Macomb Community College (ALL CAMPUSES) March 12 March 23 Indefinitely Class cancelled through 22nd
Oakland County Community College (ALL CAMPUSES) March 12 March 23 Indefinitely Class cancelled through 22nd
Washtenaw Community College March 12 March 16 April 6 Class cancelled through April 5
University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) March 13 March 27 Indefinitely
Coastal Alabama Community College March 13 March 23 April 3
Humboldt State University March 13 March 26 April 17
Cabrillo Community College March 13 March 16 March 29
Western Washington University March 13 April 6 April 24
University of San Francisco March 13 March 18 End of semester
University of Utah March 16 March 18 End of semester
submitted by Winstonp00 to college [link] [comments]


2020.02.29 17:47 cmplxgal Campaign schedule for Saturday, Feb. 29, and thereafter (three rallies today in Boston and VA)

Bernie's schedule:
Note that this lists only the events on Bernie's public schedule. He may have events with private organizations that are not open to the public.
Today:
Sunday, March 1:
Monday, March 2:
Tuesday, March 3:
Sunday, March 15:
Other major events:
Today:
Sunday, March 1:
Future events:
  • Super Tuesday, March 3. Fourteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) will all hold their presidential primaries on this date, and American Samoa will hold a caucus. The Democrats Abroad primary, for Democrats living outside of the United States, will also begin voting on March 3, and conclude on March 10.
  • March 10: Primaries or caucuses in six states: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington. All are primaries except North Dakota, which is holding a "firehouse caucus" because it's more like a primary, with voters having all day to vote at specified locations.
  • March 14: Northern Mariana Islands caucus
  • March 17: Primaries in four states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio.
  • March 24: Georgia primary
  • March 29: Puerto Rico primary
Note that, in March, primaries are held in 25 states--half the country--and three "territories," as well as by Democrats Abroad. Two of the three territories hold caucuses instead of primaries.
submitted by cmplxgal to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]


2020.02.28 18:56 cmplxgal Campaign schedule for Friday, Feb. 28, and thereafter (two smaller events and two rallies today)

Bernie's schedule:
Note that this lists only the events on Bernie's public schedule. He may have events with private organizations that are not open to the public.
Today:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Monday, March 2:
Tuesday, March 3:
Sunday, March 15:
Other major events:
Today:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Future events:
  • Super Tuesday, March 3. Fourteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) will all hold their presidential primaries on this date, and American Samoa will hold a caucus. The Democrats Abroad primary, for Democrats living outside of the United States, will also begin voting on March 3, and conclude on March 10.
  • March 10: Primaries or caucuses in six states: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington. All are primaries except North Dakota, which is holding a "firehouse caucus" because it's more like a primary, with voters having all day to vote at specified locations.
  • March 14: Northern Mariana Islands caucus
  • March 17: Primaries in four states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio.
  • March 24: Georgia primary
  • March 29: Puerto Rico primary
Note that, in March, primaries are held in 25 states--half the country--and three "territories," as well as by Democrats Abroad. Two of the three territories hold caucuses instead of primaries.
submitted by cmplxgal to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]


2020.02.27 18:48 cmplxgal Campaign schedule for Thursday, Feb. 27, and thereafter (three rallies today)

Bernie's schedule:
Note that this lists only the events on Bernie's public schedule. He may have events with private organizations that are not open to the public.
Today:
Friday, Feb, 28:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Monday, March 2:
Tuesday, March 3:
Sunday, March 15:
Other major events:
Today:
Friday, Feb. 28:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Future events:
  • Super Tuesday, March 3. Fourteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) will all hold their presidential primaries on this date, and American Samoa will hold a caucus. The Democrats Abroad primary, for Democrats living outside of the United States, will also begin voting on March 3, and conclude on March 10.
  • March 10: Primaries or caucuses in six states: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington. All are primaries except North Dakota, which is holding a "firehouse caucus" because it's more like a primary, with voters having all day to vote at specified locations.
  • March 14: Northern Mariana Islands caucus
  • March 17: Primaries in four states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio.
  • March 24: Georgia primary
  • March 29: Puerto Rico primary
Note that, in March, primaries are held in 25 states--half the country--and three "territories," as well as by Democrats Abroad. Two of the three territories hold caucuses instead of primaries.
submitted by cmplxgal to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]


2020.02.26 17:20 cmplxgal Campaign schedule for Wednesday, Feb. 26, and thereafter (two rallies and a forum today)

Bernie's schedule:
Note that this lists only the events on Bernie's public schedule. He may have events with private organizations that are not open to the public.
Today:
Thursday, Feb. 27:
Friday, Feb, 28:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Monday, March 2:
Tuesday, March 3:
Sunday, March 15:
Other major events:
Today:
Thursday, Feb. 27:
Friday, Feb. 28:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Sunday, March 1:
Future events:
  • Super Tuesday, March 3. Fourteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) will all hold their presidential primaries on this date, and American Samoa will hold a caucus. The Democrats Abroad primary, for Democrats living outside of the United States, will also begin voting on March 3, and conclude on March 10.
  • March 10: Primaries in six states: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington.
  • March 14: Northern Mariana Islands caucus
  • March 17: Primaries in four states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio.
  • March 24: Georgia primary
  • March 29: Puerto Rico primary
Note that, in March, primaries are held in 25 states--half the country--and three "territories," as well as by Democrats Abroad. Two of the three territories hold caucuses instead of primaries.
submitted by cmplxgal to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]


2020.02.25 20:11 cmplxgal Campaign schedule for Tuesday, Feb. 25, and thereafter (it's debate night)

Bernie's schedule:
Note that this lists only the events on Bernie's public schedule. He may have events with private organizations that are not open to the public.
Today:
Wednesday, Feb. 26:
Thursday, Feb. 27:
Friday, Feb, 28:
Saturday, Feb. 29:
Tuesday, March 3:
Sunday, March 15:
Other major events:
Today:
Wednesday, Feb. 26:
Thursday, Feb. 27:
Friday, Feb. 28:
Future events:
  • BERNIEPALOOZA in Worcester, MA, from Friday, Feb. 28, through Tuesday, March 3, from 8 am to 8 pm daily.
  • South Carolina Primary on Saturday, Feb. 29
  • Mormons & Members for Bernie Fireside in Salt Lake City, UT, on Saturday, Feb. 29, at 11:30 am MST
  • Illinois HQ in Chicago office opening on Sunday, March 1, at 9 am CST
  • BERNIEfest Fundraiser Concert at EXIT/IN in Nashville, TN, on Sunday, March 1, at 7 pm CST. EXIT/IN
  • Super Tuesday, March 3. Fourteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) will all hold their presidential primaries on this date, and American Samoa will hold a caucus. The Democrats Abroad primary, for Democrats living outside of the United States, will also begin voting on March 3, and conclude on March 10.
  • March 10: Primaries in six states: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington.
  • March 14: Northern Mariana Islands caucus
  • March 17: Primaries in four states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio.
  • March 24: Georgia primary
  • March 29: Puerto Rico primary
Note that, in March, primaries are held in 25 states--half the country--and three "territories," as well as by Democrats Abroad. Two of the three territories hold caucuses instead of primaries.
submitted by cmplxgal to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]


2020.02.14 06:00 assessment_bot [ Fatal(3) ] [ 01/28/2020 ] Piper PA60, Springfield/ IL

On January 28, 2020, about 1503 central standard time, a Piper PA-60-601P airplane, N6071R, collided with terrain while on an instrument approach to Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport (SPI), Springfield, Illinois. The airline transport pilot, 2 passengers, and a dog were fatally injured. The airplane was destroyed during a postimpact fire. The airplane was owned by LKJ Properties, LLC, and operated under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan. Day instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) prevailed at the accident site. The personal cross-country flight departed Huntsville International Airport (HSV), Huntsville, Alabama, at 1301.
According to automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) data that was transmitted by the airplane to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control (ATC), the flight departed runway 18L at HSV and turned north-northwest toward SPI. The airplane subsequently climbed to 10,000 ft mean sea level (msl) and continued direct toward SPI. At 1440:34, the pilot established radio contact with Springfield approach and reported being level at 10,000 ft msl. The approach controller replied that the pilot should expect radar vectors to join the localizer for the instrument landing system (ILS) runway 31 at SPI. At 1441:20, the approach controller told the pilot that there were a couple of pilot reports (PIREPS) for light to moderate mixed icing in the clouds at 3,000 ft msl. The approach controller also cleared the pilot to descend to maintain 3,000 ft msl. At 1441:32, the pilot reported leaving 10,000 ft msl for 3,000 ft msl. At 1441:43, the approach controller told the pilot to fly a 350 heading for vectors to the localizer. The pilot confirmed the heading change and ADS-B data showed the airplane turned to a 350 course while still in a descent.
At 1448:54, the pilot reported that the cloud tops were at 3,000 ft msl. At 1449:00, the approach controller told the pilot, "seven one romeo, roger, thank you, seven miles from CALDE, turn left heading three four zero, maintain three thousand until established on the localizer (unintelligible) I-L-S runway three one approach." The pilot replied, "three four zero on the turn, here we go."
At 1449:29, the pilot transmitted, "and seventy one romeo, we're not picking these navs on thirty one (unintelligible) or thirty one." According to ADS-B data, at that point the airplane was still flying the assigned 340 heading to intercept the localizer, and the airplane was about 0.72 miles left of the localizer centerline. At 1449:36, the approach controller asked the pilot to repeat his previous transmission and the pilot replied, "Yup, we still got neg nav lights on thirty one." At 1449:53, the approach controller transmitted "Aerostar seven one romeo, ah, we're getting green indications here (unintelligible) just to verify that you are on one one zero point one five on the localizer?" At 1450:01, the pilot replied, "One one zero, three." At 1450:04, the approach controller transmitted, "And its one one zero point one five, would you like revectored for the approach?" At 1450:10, the pilot asked the controller, "Is it one one zero, five?" The approach controller replied, "It is one one, ah, zero point one five. one one zero point one five. ten point one five."
According to ADS-B data, at 1449:59, the airplane flew through the localizer centerline while still on the assigned 340 heading. After crossing through the localizer centerline, the airplane made a left turn to 295 intercept the localizer. At 1450:27, the approach controller asked the pilot if the airplane was established on the localizer. The pilot replied, "We are on the localizer, seven one, ah, romeo." At 1450:40, the approach controller asked the pilot if the airplane was also receiving the glideslope. The pilot replied, "Yes we are." At that point, the airplane was flying through the localizer centerline at 3,000 ft msl while still on the 295 course and was about 4.3 miles southeast of the locator outer marker (CALDE). At 1450:45, the approach controller told the pilot to contact the tower controller. At 1450:52, the airplane made a right turn to about 306 to rejoin the localizer.
At 1450:58, the pilot established contact with the tower controller. The tower controller asked the pilot if he was established on the localizer. At 1451:08, the pilot replied, "We're established, seventy one romeo." At 1451:10, the tower controller cleared the pilot to land on runway 31. At this point the airplane was at 3,000 ft msl and was heading toward CALDE; however, the airplane's course was about 0.1 miles left of the localizer centerline.
At 1451:25, the tower controller told the pilot that the airplane appeared to be "slightly left of course." The pilot replied "correcting." At 1451:43, the tower controller told the pilot that the airplane appeared to be on course. At 1451:46, the pilot replied, "... it looks like we went through the course." At that point, the airplane had descended to 2,400 ft msl as it crossed through the localizer centerline on a 338 course.
At 1451:56, the tower controller transmitted, "seven one romeo, ah, cancel any clearance, climb and maintain three thousand, turn right heading three six zero." At 1452:02, the pilot replied, "Okay (unintelligible) thousand, here we go, seventy one romeo." At 1452:11, the tower controller transmitted, "seven romeo lima, again, cancel any clearance, climb and maintain three thousand, turn right heading three six zero." At 1452:16, the pilot replied, "three six zero on the turn, here we go, seventy one romeo." At 1452:37, the tower controller told the pilot, "seven one romeo, contact departure, they'll vector you around for another, ah, approach here, you were, ah, right left of course we, ah, it just didn't look safe from here so contact departure one two six point one five."
At 1453:10, the pilot reestablished contact with Springfield approach control and reported flying a 360 heading. The approach controller asked the pilot if he wanted to be vectored back to the ILS 31 instrument approach or change to the ILS 22 instrument approach. At 1453:45, the pilot replied, "How about we go back to three one?" The approach controller told the pilot to turn right to 090 for vectors to the ILS 31 approach at SPI.
At 1454:11, the approach controller asked the pilot, "are you having some issues with your nav head?" The pilot replied with a single word, "Yup." At 1454:17, the approach controller asked the pilot if he would prefer to fly an approach surveillance radar (ASR) approach instead of the ILS instrument approach. The pilot's response was unintelligible. At 1454:27, the approach controller told the pilot that his transmissions were intermittent and asked him if the airplane was having electrical issues. At 1454:33, the pilot replied, "Ah, that's negative." At 1454:39, the pilot transmitted, "Yeah, we will just do three one over again and, ah, we're picking up a little ice." At 1454:35, the approach controller asked the pilot again if he would prefer the ASR approach instead of the ILS approach. At 1454:52, the pilot replied, "Okay, no we will try it again, it just, ah, took off when we, ah (unintelligible) when we were ah about twenty three hundred."
At 1455:22, the approach controller told the pilot to turn right to a 130 heading and asked if the airplane was still in icing conditions. The pilot replied that the airplane was above the icing conditions at 3,000 ft msl. At 1456:10, the approach controller asked the pilot if the airplane's landing gear was still extended. The pilot replied that the landing gear was still extended. At 1457:46, the approach controller told the pilot to turn right to a 220 heading. At 1458:09, the approach controller asked the pilot to verify if the airplane was receiving the localizer signal. At 1458:12, the pilot replied, "Oh yeah, we're picking up the localizer, seventy one romeo."
At 1500:09, the approach controller transmitted, "November seven one romeo, six miles from CALDE, turn right heading two eight zero, maintain three thousand until established on the localizer, cleared I-L-S runway 31 approach." The pilot replied, "Okay, here we go, two eight oh on the turn, and three thousand until established, seventy one romeo." According to ADS-B data, between 1400:30 and 1401:00, the airplane's course was about 270 as it approached the localizer from the east. At 1401:00, the airplane turned right to a 290 and flew through the localizer at 1401:29. At that point the airplane had descended to 2,600 ft msl and was about 5 miles from CALDE. The airplane continued toward CALDE slightly left of the centerline. At 1502:03, the approach controller transmitted, "Aerostar seven one romeo, is everything looking good now, we are showing you on course." At 1502:07, the pilot replied, "Yup, looking good." At 1502:11, the approach controller told the pilot to contact Springfield tower. At 1502:14, the pilot replied, "Contact tower, seventy one romeo." At that point, the airplane was at about 3.5 miles from CALDE, and the airplane's course was still paralleling the localizer slightly left of the localizer centerline.
About 5 seconds after the pilot had been cleared to contact the tower controller, the airplane entered a left descending turn away from the localizer to a south-southwest course. The left turn began at 2,400 ft msl and descended to 700 ft msl before ADS-B track data was lost at 1503:11. The final ADS-B datapoint was recorded at 700 ft msl (about 125 ft above ground level) and the airplane's ground track and ground speed were 267 and 87 knots, respectively. The final ADS-B datapoint was located about 362 ft east-northeast of the airplane's initial impact with terrain.
At 1502:37, the tower controller attempted to contact the pilot on the tower radio frequency without any reply. At 1502:45, the tower controller again attempted to establish radio contact with the pilot. At 1502:47, the pilot replied, "We've got a prob (unintelligible)." At 1502:49, the tower controller asked the pilot if he was able to climb. There was no recorded response from the pilot. At 1502:56, the tower controller told the pilot to climb and maintain 3,000 ft msl. There was no recorded response from the pilot. At 1503:15, the tower controller told the pilot to climb and maintain 3,000 ft msl and to turn left to a heading of 180. There was no recorded response from the pilot.
The airplane impacted a harvested cornfield about 7.3 miles southeast of the runway 31 threshold. The wreckage debris path measured about 200 ft and was oriented on a 248 compass heading. The airplane's left wingtip impacted the ground first, followed by the left and right propellers, respectively. The nose landing gear wheel was found separated from the fork assembly about 40 ft from the initial point of impact. The outboard 2.5 ft of the left aileron was found separated from the left wing along the wreckage debris path. The main wreckage came to rest at the western edge of the cornfield amongst several trees and a wire fence. The main wreckage consisted of the entire fuselage, both wings, and the empennage. The fuselage cabin and cockpit exhibited extensive damage from the postaccident fire. Both wings spars had fractured at the respective wing roots and each wing remained partially attached to the fuselage by engine control cables. Flight control continuity was not established because the control push/pull tubes for the ailerons, elevators, and rudder exhibited extensive fire and impact damage. Both ailerons and flaps exhibited impact and fire damage. Both hydraulic flap actuators were extended about 1.5" and were consistent with about 20 of flap extension. The flap control handle was found in an intermediate position. Both elevators remained attached to the horizontal stabilizer and exhibited fire damage. The rudder remained attached to the vertical stabilizer, but most of the rudder had been destroyed by fire. The landing gear was found extended. The landing gear selector handle was not located during the investigation. The throttle quadrant was destroyed by impact and fire damage. The airspeed indicator and altimeter were destroyed by fire. The attitude indictor and horizontal situation indicator were extensively damaged by fire. The internal gyros of the attitude indicator and horizontal situation indicator did not exhibit any evidence of rotational scoring. The turn indictor gyro was found separated from its instrument case that was not located during the investigation. The turn indicator gyro did not exhibit any evidence of rotational scoring. The electronic engine trend monitor was destroyed by fire. The electronic engine tachometer indicated 1,200 rpm for both engines. The manifold pressure gauge indicated 28 and 30 inches of mercury for the left and right engines, respectively.
Both engines remained attached to their respective engine mounts and nacelles. Internal engine and valve train continuity were confirmed for each engine while their respective engine crankshaft was rotated through a rear accessory gear. Compression and suction were noted on all cylinders in conjunction with crankshaft rotation. Both magnetos on each engine were damaged by fire and could not be tested. The spark plugs were removed and exhibited features consistent with normal engine operation. A lighted borescope inspection of each cylinder did not reveal any anomalies with the cylinders, pistons, valves, or valve seats. Both oil pumps discharged oil when their respective engine crankshaft was rotated. The pressure pump installed on each engine could not be rotated because of fire damage to their respective drive gears; however, a partial disassembly of both pressure pumps revealed no evidence of internal failure that would have precluded normal function during flight. The turbocharger system components remained secured at their respective mounts. The turbocharger compressors and turbine impellers remained intact and undamaged. The turbine impellers rotated freely by hand. The exhaust bypass valves remained secured at each turbocharger exhaust pipe and their butterfly valves remained intact and undamaged. The postaccident examination of both engines did not reveal any anomalies that would have precluded normal operation during the flight.
The left propeller remained attached to the engine propeller shaft flange. One propeller blade appeared to be in the feathered position, and the remaining two blades appeared to be in the normal range of operation. Two propeller blades were visibly bent in the aft direction, and the remaining blade appeared to be slightly bent aft. Two propeller blades had indications of heat exposure such as charring, sooting, and paint blistering. One propeller blade could be partially rotated by hand force. The spinner dome was dented with one counterweight mark on the internal surface in the normal blade angle range of operation. The hydraulic unit remained intact and undamaged and the piston/pitch change mechanism appeared to be on the start locks. Propeller blade no. 1 was bent aft, bent opposite rotation and twisted towards low pitch. Propeller blade no. 2 was bent slightly aft with no remarkable twisting. Propeller blade no. 3 was bent aft, opposite rotation and twisted towards low pitch. All three propeller blades exhibited chordwise/rotational scoring isolated to the leading edges on both the camber and face side. The low pitch stop had an impact mark consistent with the propeller operating on or near the low pitch stop angle. The preload plate for propeller blade no. 3 had knob impact marks in the range of 26-31, which was consistent with blade angles between 17-22.
The right propeller remained attached to the engine propeller shaft flange. All three propeller blades appeared to be in the normal blade angle range. The spinner dome was dented with counterweight impressions that were consistent with normal blade angle range of operation. All three propeller blades were bent aft, opposite rotation in varying degrees and twisted towards low pitch. One propeller blade had indications of heat exposure such as charring, sooting and paint blistering. All three propeller blades could be partially rotated by hand force. The hydraulic unit remained intact and undamaged and the piston/pitch change mechanism appeared to be in the feathered position. All three propeller blades exhibited chordwise/rotational scoring isolated to the leading edges on both the camber and face side. The pitch change knob on all three blades were fractured. The low pitch stop had an impact mark suggesting the propeller was operating on or near the low pitch stop angle. The preload plate for propeller blade no. 2 had a knob impact mark in the slot at about 45, which was consistent with a blade angle of about 3. The preload plate for propeller blade no. 3 had a knob impact mark in the slot at about 21, which was consistent with a blade angle of about 27.
The airplane was a 1979 Piper PA-60-601P (Aerostar), serial number 61P-0686-7963324. On June 19, 1992, the two Lycoming IO-540-AA1A5 reciprocating engines were modified by supplemental type certificate (STC) Nos. SA4156NM and SE4157NM to include twin-turbochargers and intercoolers. The modified engines were rated at 350 horsepower when operated at 42 inches-of-mercury and 2,500 rpm. The engines provided thrust through constant-speed, full-feathering, three-blade, Hartzell HC-C3YR-2UF/FC8468B-8R propellers. The mid-wing airplane was of conventional aluminum construction with a retractable tricycle landing gear and wing flaps. The airplane had a pressurized cabin configured to seat six people. The airplane was equipped for operations in IMC and icing conditions. The airplane had a total fuel capacity of 173.5 gallons (165.5 gallons usable) distributed between two wing fuel tanks and a fuselage tank. According to fueling documentation, the airplane's fuel system was topped-off before the accident flight.
The airplane's hour meter was destroyed by the postimpact fire, which precluded a determination of the airplane's total service time at the time of the accident. According to available maintenance documentation, the last annual inspection of the airplane was completed on August 1, 2019, at 3,542.7 total airframe hours. As of the last annual inspection, the left engine, s/n L-32219-48E, had accumulated 1,691 hours since new, and the right engine, s/n L-32893-48E, had accumulated 1,571.5 hours since new. The static system, altimeter system, automatic pressure altitude reporting system, and transponder were last tested on May 10, 2016.
On November 26, 2019, the airplane's left propeller collided with bird(s) while on approach to Sarasota/Bradenton International Airport (SRQ), Sarasota, Florida. The left propeller was removed and sent to an overhaul facility to be inspected and possibly repaired. The damaged propeller exceeded repair limits and another overhauled propeller was installed on the airplane on January 27, 2020. Additional maintenance actions completed on January 27, 2020, included servicing the turbocharger waste gates on both engines, replacement of the pressure pump and its outlet hose on the left engine, replacement of the cabin heater thermostat, and adjustment of the pilot seat track guides and locks. The airplane had accumulated 3,584.7 total airframe hours when the last maintenance actions were completed on January 27, 2020.
According to FAA records, the 69-year-old pilot held an airline pilot certificate with airplane single-engine land, airplane multiengine land, and instrument airplane ratings. The airplane single-engine land rating was limited to commercial privileges. The pilot also held an expired flight instructor certificate for single and multiengine airplanes and instrument airplane. The pilot's most recent FAA third-class medical certificate was issued on February 6, 2018, with a limitation for corrective lenses. On the application for his current medical certificate, the pilot reported having accumulated 5,500 total hours of flight experience and 60 hours within the previous 6 months. A review of available logbook documentation revealed that the pilot's last recorded flight was a flight review completed on October 29, 2017. It is unknown if the pilot had another, more current, logbook onboard the airplane at the time of the accident. The pilot's recent instrument flight experience could not be determined with the available documentation.
During August 21-23, 2019, the pilot received initial training in the Piper PA-60-601P airplane from Advanced Flight Training International, Sarasota, Florida. The flight instructor who provided the training stated that the pilot had received a certificate of completion that was limited to visual flight rules (VFR) operations. The reason the certificate of completion was limited to VFR operations was because the airplane had a malfunctioning horizontal situation indicator during training, which prevented an evaluation of the pilot's ability to fly solely by reference to instruments under IFR. The flight instructor stated the pilot had demonstrated, "very good piloting skills operating the aircraft in a safe manner and keeping it within its limitations."
A postaccident review of available meteorological data established that day instrument meteorological conditions prevailed at the accident site. At 1452, about 11 minutes before the accident, the SPI automated surface observing system reported a calm wind, 5 miles surface visibility with mist, 700 ft above ground level (agl) overcast ceiling, temperature -1C, dew point -3C, and an altimeter setting of 30.10 inches of mercury. There was an active weather advisory (AIRMET) for moderate icing while operating in clouds between the freezing level and 8,000 ft msl. The pilot reported to the approach controller that the cloud tops were about 3,000 ft msl.
Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport, a public airport located about 3 miles northwest of Springfield, Illinois, was owned and operated by the Springfield Airport Authority. The airport field elevation was 598 ft msl. The airport was served by three runways, runway 4/22 (8,001 ft by 150 ft), runway 13/31 (7,400 ft by 120 ft), and runway 18/36 (5,300 ft by 150 ft). The airport was equipped with an air traffic control tower and approach control that was operational at the time of the accident.
During an ILS approach, the localizer provides lateral guidance for the final approach course, and the glideslope provides vertical guidance as the aircraft descends toward the runway. For a precision approach, such as an ILS approach, the missed approach point is where the aircraft reaches the decision altitude while on the glideslope. The published inbound course for the ILS runway 31 approach at SPI was 308 magnetic, the crossing altitude for the final approach fix (CALDE) was 2,014 ft msl, and the distance between CALDE and the runway 31 threshold was 4.3 nm. The published localizer frequency was 110.15 MHz. The touchdown zone elevation was 590 ft msl. The decision altitude was 790 ft msl (200 ft agl) and required mile visibility to land. The missed approach procedure was to climb on runway heading to 1,700 ft msl, then make a climbing left turn to hold at the locator outer marker (CALDE) at 3,100 ft msl. According to FAA documentation, the ILS runway 31 approach at SPI was fully functional at the time of the accident.
The database cards for the airplane's Garmin 430 and 530 panel-mounted GPS navigation/communication devices were recovered at the accident site and placed in a test device to determine their expiration dates. The obstacle database cards and IFR database cards had expired on September 13, 2018. Further review of the IFR database cards established that the stored localizer frequency for the ILS runway 31 approach at SPI was the same frequency that was listed on the current approach plate (110.15 MHz).
A doorbell security camera located about 300 ft north of the accident site captured video and audio of the final seconds of the flight. A review of the camera footage revealed that the airplane descended toward the ground in a left wing down, slightly nose-down attitude. All three landing gear were observed to be extended before impact. There was no evidence of an inflight fire before impact. The initial impact with the ground was obscured by a door post and trees; however, when the airplane reemerged it was observed sliding on its lower fuselage. Smoke from a postimpact fire was observed a couple seconds after the accident.
A second doorbell security camera, located about 0.6 miles south of the accident site, captured audio of the final seconds of the flight. The sound spectrums of both doorbell cameras were analyzed to identify any propeller sound signatures that were consistent with the propellers rotating under engine power. Both sound spectrums exhibited a relatively constant propeller noise signature until about two seconds before impact. The results of an acoustic analysis were consistent with the airplane's propellers rotating at 2,500 rpm before a sudden reduction in propeller speed to about 1,200 rpm about two seconds before impact.
Both propellers left three distinct slash marks in the soil. The average distance between the left propeller strike marks was 2.5 ft. The average distance between the right propeller strike marks was 2.64 ft. An estimation of the airplane's ground speed at impact was calculated using the average distance between the propeller strike marks and a propeller rotation speed of 1,200 rpm (as determined by the electronic tachometer and the sound spectrum analysis from the video footage). The propeller strike mark calculations estimated the airplane's ground speed was between 88 and 94 knots at impact.
Category Data Category Data Category Data
Event Id: 20200128X73907 Investigation Type: Accident Accident Number: CEN20FA070
Event Date: 01/28/2020 Location: Springfield, IL Country: United States
Latitude: 39.762500 Longitude: -89.572223 Airport Code: SPI
Airport Name: Abraham Lincoln Capital Arpt Injury Severity: Fatal(3) Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Aircraft Category: Airplane Registration Number: N6071R Make: Piper
Model: PA60 Amateur Built: No Number of Engines: 2
Engine Type: Reciprocating FAR Description: Part 91: General Aviation Schedule:
Purpose of Flight: Personal Air Carrier: Total Fatal Injuries: 3
Total Serious Injuries: Total Minor Injuries: Total Uninjured:
Weather Condition: IMC Broad Phase of Flight: APPROACH Report Status: Preliminary
Publication Date: 02/11/2020
http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20200128X73907
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2020.02.12 12:00 DestroyerOfDates Lincoln's Birthday

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2020.01.31 18:47 CuteBananaMuffin 20,000 Year Old Spiral-Shaped Metal Object in Russia

20,000 Year Old Spiral-Shaped Metal Object in Russia
08 May 2012 from BeforeItsNews Website
In the years 1991-1993, gold prospectors on the small river Narada, on the eastern side of the Ural mountains, have found unusual, mostly spiral-shaped objects.
The size of these things ranges from a maximum of 3 cm (1.2 in.) down to an incredible 0.003 mm, about 1/10,000th of an inch!
To date, these inexplicable artifacts have been found in their thousands at various sites near the rivers Narada, Kozhim, and Balbanyu, and also by two smaller streams named Vtvisty and Lapkhevozh, mostly at depths between 3 and 12 meters (10 and 40 ft.)
The spiral-form objects are composed of various metals: the larger ones are of copper, while the small and very small ones are of the rare metals tungsten and molybdenum.
Tungsten has a high atomic weight, and is also very dense, with a melting point of 3410 deg. C (6100 deg. F). It is used principally for the hardening of special steels, and in unalloyed form for the filaments of light bulbs.
Molybdenum also has a high density, and a respectable melting point of 2650 deg. C (4740 deg. F). This metal too is used for hardening steels and giving them corrosion-resistant properties, these being used principally for highly-stressed weapon parts and vehicle armor.
All tests carried out to date these objects to around 20,000 years old.

All over the world, enigmatic artifacts have been found that do not fit the accepted geologic or historical timeline. Do they offer a radically different view of our world?

Metallic vase found inside solid rock.Scientific American
Of all the many unexplained phenomena, experiences, and objects in the world, ones that hold a great deal of fascination for me are what I categorize as "ancient anomalies."
Also called "ooparts," these are objects that by scientific measure are very old, but in form or construction appear to be quite modern. They are impossible fossils, out-of-time technology, anachronistic artifacts. In other words, if our history of the world is correct, they just should not exist.
And there are many examples - many more than geologists, archaeologists, and other scientists care to admit.
Why are they so fascinating? Many reasons.
First of all, most of them are real and tangible. Unlike ghosts, mysterious creatures like Bigfoot and the Loch Ness Monster, and phenomena like telekinesis, these unexplained artifacts have been seen, touched, and examined. There they are before our eyes, with nothing in our current experience or knowledge to explain them.
Second, because they do exist and do not fit the standard scientific timeline or geologic and anthropologic chronology, they suggest, in their own baffling way, that either our dating techniques are wrong, geology does not progress the way we suppose it does, or there is far more to the history of life on this planet than we currently know about.
In any case, these bothersome ooparts upset established, orthodox thinking.
Here are a few, for your consideration:
ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY These are the best kind of ooparts because they have been documented, often photographed, and examined by experts:
"Spark plug" in a geode In 1961, the owners of a gift shop in Olancha, Calif. found a fossil-encrusted geode in the Coso Mountains. When one of the owners cut the geode in half with a diamond saw, however, he found an object inside that was obviously artificial. The object had a metal core surrounded by layers of a ceramic-like material and a hexagonal wooden sleeve. When X-rayed, the object seemed to resemble a modern spark plug or some other electronic component. Yet it had been completely encased in a geode that was covered with fossils estimated to be 500,000 years old.
Very old nail In 1851, The Illinois Springfield Republican reported that a businessman named Hiram de Witt found a fist-sized chunk of auriferous quartz while on a trip to California. When it accidentally slipped from his hands, it split open, and out fell a cut-iron nail. The quartz was about 1 million years old.
Gold thread among the rock The Times of London reported in 1844 that workmen quarrying stone near the River Tweed in Scotland found a piece of gold thread embedded in the rock eight feet below ground level.
Chain in coal In 1891, Mrs. S. W. Culp, of Morrisonville, Ill. was fragmenting coal into smaller pieces for her kitchen stove when she noticed a chain stuck in the coal. The chain measured about 10 inches long and was later found to be made of eight-carat gold, and described as being "of antique and quaint workmanship." According to the Morrisonville Times of June 11, investigators concluded that the chain had not simply been accidentally dropped in with the coal, since some of the coal still clung to the chain, while the part that had separated from it still bore the impression of where the chain had been encased.
Ancient modern tools While quarrying limestone in 1786, workers came to a bed of sand about 50 feet below ground level. In the layer of sand, however, they found the stumps of stone pillars and fragments of half-worked rock. Digging further, they found coins, the petrified wooden handles of hammers, and pieces of other petrified wooden tools. The sand in which the discovery was made was beneath a layer of limestone dated at 300 million years old.
Mysterious vase In June, 1851, Scientific American reprinted a report from the Boston Transcript about how a metallic vase, found in two parts, was dynamited out of solid rock 15 feet below the surface in Dorchester, Mass. The bell-shaped vase (see photo), measuring 4-1/2 inches high and 6-1/2 inches at the base, was composed of a zinc and silver alloy. On the sides were figures of flowers in bouquet arrangements, inlaid with pure silver. The estimated age of the rock out of which it came: 100,000 years.
Too-old screw In 1865, a two-inch metal screw was discovered in a piece of feldspar unearthed from the Abbey Mine in Treasure City, Nev. The screw had long ago oxidized, but its form - particularly the shape of its threads - could be clearly seen in the feldspar. The stone was calculated to be 21 million years in age.
Ancient nanotechnology In 1991-1993, gold prospectors on the Narada river on the eastern side of the Ural mountains in Russia found unusual, mostly spiral-shaped objects, the smallest measuring about 1/10,000th of an inch! The objects are composed of copper and the rare metals tungsten and molybdenum. Tests showed the objects to be between 20,000 and 318,000 years old.
MAPS AND DRAWINGS Although mysterious, these findings are not quite as compelling because they could have been either forged or misinterpreted:
Piri Reis map Piri Reis, a Turkish admiral and avid collector of old maps, compiled information he had gathered into a map of his own in 1513. Astonishingly, his map depicts the coastal outlines of North and South America - and Antarctica, which was not officially discovered until 1818.
Unexplained maps Scholars aren't sure what to make of the maps etched on a rock. Do they crudely depict the continents of Earth as they appeared long ago - including the lands of Mu and Atlantis? Or, as some have suggested, do they show the lands of some other planet? To be impartial, however, they also could merely depict divisions of much smaller tracts of land.
Ica stones In 1966, Dr. Javier Cabrera, a Peruvian physician and professor of biology, was given a rock for his birthday from a local peasant. On it was a picture of a fish, allegedly carved thousands of years ago. Upon further study, Cabrera realized the fish depicted was of a species that has been extinct for millions of years. Cabrera hunted down the source of the mysterious rock and found many others like it in Ica, Peru - thousands of them. On them were carved impossible ancient scenes: telescopes, open heart surgery, and even men battling dinosaurs (below photo)!

One of the mysterious Ica stones Dr. Javier Cabrera
Egyptian helicopters? Discovered on the walls of a temple in Abydos, Egypt, are hieroglyphics that closely resemble modern aircraft in profile: a helicopter, an airplane, and some kind of hovercraft or flying disc.
HUMAN REMAINS Although intriguing and remarkable if true, these examples are mostly the stuff of legend and folklore, and therefore largely unverifiable:
Devilish discovery Human skulls with horns were discovered in a burial mound at Sayre, Bradford County, Pa., in the 1880s. Horny projections extended two inches above the eye-brows, and the skeletons were seven feet tall, but other than that were anatomically normal. It was estimated they were buried around AD 1200.
Jaws In 1888, seven skeletons were found in a burial mound near Clearwater Minn. They were anatomically correct, except that the skulls featured double rows of teeth in the upper and lower jaws and had been buried in a sitting position, facing the lake. The foreheads were unusually low and sloping, with prominent brows.
Grand Canyon mystery In 1931, Dr. F. Bruce Russell claimed to have found strange underground tunnels in the Death Valley area. According to his story, he discovered winding tunnels containing artifacts that appeared to be a combination of Egyptian and American Indian. There were also mummies there, he said, that were over eight feet tall. As far as we know, no one has ever rediscovered Russell's mysterious tunnels.
Bones in rock Ed Conrad has found impossibly old fossilized human bones embedded in solid shale rock in Pennsylvania. The bones look human, but the rock in which they were trapped is between 280 and 300 million years old.
There are dozens and dozens of examples of such anomalies - enough to give the traditional scientific disciplines a shake-up, I would think.
But because they don't fit conventional theories, these exceptions to the rules are almost always rejected out of hand. Yet, it doesn't take dozens and dozens of exceptions to challenge established thinking.
All it takes is one thoroughly examined, completely verifiable anomaly to say,
"The world isn't quite what we think it is."
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2020.01.13 05:31 12345anony Springfield LGBTQ Scene

Hey guys!
I am considering moving to Springfield, Illinois to work in healthcare. I would like to know what the dating scene is like in the LGBTQ community. On visiting, the town is very small and quiet. Some locals actually described it as "boring" and said there was no nightlife at all. Can anyone give a little more insight please?
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Online Dating Site in Springfield Illinois, United States

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